Massachusets: 50 fam. to hire school master
Thomas Jefferson proposes a system of public schools
Free elementary schools
Noah Webster: lessons in reading and writing
1780 - 1880
Confederation Congress's Northwest Ordinance requires section of land for school
First public high school, Boston English High School
Mass. requirers towns 500+ to have a pub. high school
Horace Mann: teach children basic lit, numeracy, and citizenship
1830 - 1840
Horace Mann becomes secertary of Mass. State Board of Ed.
Ohio is first to adopt Biling. Ed. law allowing German- Eng. instruction
Louisiana allows French-Englsh instruction
Treaty of Hidalgo: giving Mexicans the right to speak Spanish in U.S.
Mass. passes a first mandatory attendance law
Congress prohibits Americans to be taught in their own native language
William Harris est. the first kindergarten for germans
Sixteen states have a compulsory-attendance laws
1889 Bennett Act: child. 8-14 must only be instructed in English
1889 - 1891
The Great Wave of Immigration
1890 - 1920
U.S. Supreme Court rules Plessy v. Ferguson is permissable
Over 15 million children are enrolled in school
Francis P; John D Adams; Jane A.: Progres., experimental, child-centered curric.
G. Stanley Hall: child study: focus on child devel.
Schools enroll 59% of the nation's 5-19 year olds; 10% graduate from high school
Congress passes the Smith-Huges Act, providing fed. fund for vocational schools
All states have compulsory-attendace laws
NEA Commiss. on the Reorg. of Sec. Ed track stud. into curric. based on abil.
15 more states legislate English as the basic language
Congress enacts Immigration Quotas
Franklin Bobbitt: W.W. Charters: curric. based on scientific inventory
The Great Depression brings reduction in school funds
George Counts; Harold Rugg "Dare the schools build a New Social Order?"
Schools enroll 75% of 5-19 year olds; 50% graduate
Ralph Tyler: Life Adjustment: curric. should match activities of U.S. citizens
1940 - 1950
U.S. Supreme Court rules in Brown v. Board of Ed. that schools are unequal
Congress passes NDEA, increasing funding for science ed.
A renssance of Biling. Ed. occurs w/ the arrival of Cubans
Jerome Bruner: The Process of Ed.: "new" curriculum in math & science
B.F. S.; Robert G.: Behaviorism: teach. mach.; lesson MUST be mastered
1960 - 1970
A.S. Neil: Free Schools: best sell book "Summerhill" advo. child-dir. curic.
School Improvement laws
1960 - 1970
ESEA pass, provid. fed. funds for Ed. prog.: Title 1, Head Start, & biling. ed
"Coleman Report" concludes African Americans benefit from integ. schools
Congress passes Bilingual Act of 1968
schools enroll 90% of nation's 5-19 year olds; 79% graduate
La Raza Unida is born: bilingual & bicultural Ed.
Title IX prohibits discrimination based on sex in all aspects of ed.
U.S. Sup. C. rules Lau v. Nichols: meet eq. ed. & help w/ stud. to under. Eng.
The education of all handicapped children becomes law
Mariel Boat Lift: young & poorer Cubans to Florida; anti-immigrant sentiment
National Commission on Excellence in Ed. reports danger of "mediocre" schools
Educate America Act requires all states to develop academic standards
Cali. pass Prop. 187: making it illegal for undoc. immig. to go to pub. schools
Cali. voters pass Prop. 227: all English Instruction
Arizona passes its version of English- Only Laws
No Child Left Behind Act created
Colorado voters reject English-Only Laws
40% w/ less than high sch. ed voted; 56% high sch. grads; 78% college grads.
Eng. Lang. Unity Act of 2005 requires U.S. Gov. to conduct official bus. in Eng.