The History of Education

Main

Massachusets: 50 fam. to hire school master

1647

Thomas Jefferson proposes a system of public schools

1779

Free elementary schools

1779

Noah Webster: lessons in reading and writing

1780 - 1880

Confederation Congress's Northwest Ordinance requires section of land for school

1787

First public high school, Boston English High School

1821

Mass. requirers towns 500+ to have a pub. high school

1827

Horace Mann: teach children basic lit, numeracy, and citizenship

1830 - 1840

Horace Mann becomes secertary of Mass. State Board of Ed.

1837

Ohio is first to adopt Biling. Ed. law allowing German- Eng. instruction

1839

Louisiana allows French-Englsh instruction

1847

Treaty of Hidalgo: giving Mexicans the right to speak Spanish in U.S.

1848

Mass. passes a first mandatory attendance law

1852

Congress prohibits Americans to be taught in their own native language

1864

William Harris est. the first kindergarten for germans

1870

Sixteen states have a compulsory-attendance laws

1885

1889 Bennett Act: child. 8-14 must only be instructed in English

1889 - 1891

The Great Wave of Immigration

1890 - 1920

U.S. Supreme Court rules Plessy v. Ferguson is permissable

1896

Over 15 million children are enrolled in school

1900

Francis P; John D Adams; Jane A.: Progres., experimental, child-centered curric.

1900

G. Stanley Hall: child study: focus on child devel.

1900

Schools enroll 59% of the nation's 5-19 year olds; 10% graduate from high school

1910

Congress passes the Smith-Huges Act, providing fed. fund for vocational schools

1917

World War I

1917

All states have compulsory-attendace laws

1918

NEA Commiss. on the Reorg. of Sec. Ed track stud. into curric. based on abil.

1918

15 more states legislate English as the basic language

1919

Congress enacts Immigration Quotas

1920

Franklin Bobbitt: W.W. Charters: curric. based on scientific inventory

1920

The Great Depression brings reduction in school funds

1930

George Counts; Harold Rugg "Dare the schools build a New Social Order?"

1930

Schools enroll 75% of 5-19 year olds; 50% graduate

1940

Ralph Tyler: Life Adjustment: curric. should match activities of U.S. citizens

1940 - 1950

U.S. Supreme Court rules in Brown v. Board of Ed. that schools are unequal

1954

Congress passes NDEA, increasing funding for science ed.

1958

A renssance of Biling. Ed. occurs w/ the arrival of Cubans

1959

Jerome Bruner: The Process of Ed.: "new" curriculum in math & science

1960

B.F. S.; Robert G.: Behaviorism: teach. mach.; lesson MUST be mastered

1960 - 1970

A.S. Neil: Free Schools: best sell book "Summerhill" advo. child-dir. curic.

1960

School Improvement laws

1960 - 1970

ESEA pass, provid. fed. funds for Ed. prog.: Title 1, Head Start, & biling. ed

1965

"Coleman Report" concludes African Americans benefit from integ. schools

1966

Congress passes Bilingual Act of 1968

1968

schools enroll 90% of nation's 5-19 year olds; 79% graduate

1970

La Raza Unida is born: bilingual & bicultural Ed.

1970

Title IX prohibits discrimination based on sex in all aspects of ed.

1972

U.S. Sup. C. rules Lau v. Nichols: meet eq. ed. & help w/ stud. to under. Eng.

1974

The education of all handicapped children becomes law

1975

Mariel Boat Lift: young & poorer Cubans to Florida; anti-immigrant sentiment

1980

National Commission on Excellence in Ed. reports danger of "mediocre" schools

1983

Educate America Act requires all states to develop academic standards

1994

Cali. pass Prop. 187: making it illegal for undoc. immig. to go to pub. schools

1994

Cali. voters pass Prop. 227: all English Instruction

1998

Arizona passes its version of English- Only Laws

2000

No Child Left Behind Act created

2001

Colorado voters reject English-Only Laws

2002

40% w/ less than high sch. ed voted; 56% high sch. grads; 78% college grads.

2004

Eng. Lang. Unity Act of 2005 requires U.S. Gov. to conduct official bus. in Eng.

2005