Massachusets: 50 fam. to hire school master
Free elementary schools
Thomas Jefferson proposes a system of public schools
Noah Webster: lessons in reading and writing
1780 - 1880
Confederation Congress's Northwest Ordinance requires section of land for school
First public high school, Boston English High School
Mass. requirers towns 500+ to have a pub. high school
Horace Mann: teach children basic lit, numeracy, and citizenship
1830 - 1840
Horace Mann becomes secertary of Mass. State Board of Ed.
Ohio is first to adopt Biling. Ed. law allowing German- Eng. instruction
Louisiana allows French-Englsh instruction
Treaty of Hidalgo: giving Mexicans the right to speak Spanish in U.S.
Mass. passes a first mandatory attendance law
Congress prohibits Americans to be taught in their own native language
William Harris est. the first kindergarten for germans
Sixteen states have a compulsory-attendance laws
1889 Bennett Act: child. 8-14 must only be instructed in English
1889 - 1891
The Great Wave of Immigration
1890 - 1920
U.S. Supreme Court rules Plessy v. Ferguson is permissable
G. Stanley Hall: child study: focus on child devel.
Francis P; John D Adams; Jane A.: Progres., experimental, child-centered curric.
Over 15 million children are enrolled in school
Schools enroll 59% of the nation's 5-19 year olds; 10% graduate from high school
Congress passes the Smith-Huges Act, providing fed. fund for vocational schools
NEA Commiss. on the Reorg. of Sec. Ed track stud. into curric. based on abil.
All states have compulsory-attendace laws
15 more states legislate English as the basic language
Franklin Bobbitt: W.W. Charters: curric. based on scientific inventory
Congress enacts Immigration Quotas
George Counts; Harold Rugg "Dare the schools build a New Social Order?"
The Great Depression brings reduction in school funds
Ralph Tyler: Life Adjustment: curric. should match activities of U.S. citizens
1940 - 1950
Schools enroll 75% of 5-19 year olds; 50% graduate
U.S. Supreme Court rules in Brown v. Board of Ed. that schools are unequal
Congress passes NDEA, increasing funding for science ed.
A renssance of Biling. Ed. occurs w/ the arrival of Cubans
School Improvement laws
1960 - 1970
A.S. Neil: Free Schools: best sell book "Summerhill" advo. child-dir. curic.
B.F. S.; Robert G.: Behaviorism: teach. mach.; lesson MUST be mastered
1960 - 1970
Jerome Bruner: The Process of Ed.: "new" curriculum in math & science
ESEA pass, provid. fed. funds for Ed. prog.: Title 1, Head Start, & biling. ed
"Coleman Report" concludes African Americans benefit from integ. schools
Congress passes Bilingual Act of 1968
La Raza Unida is born: bilingual & bicultural Ed.
schools enroll 90% of nation's 5-19 year olds; 79% graduate
Title IX prohibits discrimination based on sex in all aspects of ed.
U.S. Sup. C. rules Lau v. Nichols: meet eq. ed. & help w/ stud. to under. Eng.
The education of all handicapped children becomes law
Mariel Boat Lift: young & poorer Cubans to Florida; anti-immigrant sentiment
National Commission on Excellence in Ed. reports danger of "mediocre" schools
Cali. pass Prop. 187: making it illegal for undoc. immig. to go to pub. schools
Educate America Act requires all states to develop academic standards
Cali. voters pass Prop. 227: all English Instruction
Arizona passes its version of English- Only Laws
No Child Left Behind Act created
Colorado voters reject English-Only Laws
40% w/ less than high sch. ed voted; 56% high sch. grads; 78% college grads.
Eng. Lang. Unity Act of 2005 requires U.S. Gov. to conduct official bus. in Eng.