Natural Science

Evolution

Thomas Malthus

1766 - 1834

Charles Darwin

1809 - 1882

Alfred Russel Wallace

1823 - 1913

Natural Selection

Julian Huxley

1887 - 1975

Sewall Wright

1889 - 1988

R.A. Fisher

1890 - 1962

Haldane

1892 - 1964

Dobzhansky

1900 - 1975

Ernst Mayr

1904 - 2005

The Modern Synthesis

1936 - 1947

Ecology

Malthus: "Essay on the Principle of Population"

1798

defines carrying capacities and deals with populations growth + limited resources.

Ernst Haeckel

1834 - 1919

Invented the term "ecology"

Lotka-Volterra equation

1910

predator-prey equation, takes population growth into account

Howard T. Odum

1924 - 2002

Ecosystem ecology

Hutchinson defines "niche"

1957

Hutchinson, G. E. (1957). A Treatise on Limnology. New York, NY: Wiley. p. 1015. ISBN 0-471-42572-9.

MacArthur: "The theory of island biogeography"

1967

AMF

Eco-Evo dynamics