Christian medieval understanding up to 16th c.
Earth was the center of an unchanging universe
Importance of astrology (signs of zodiac)
Suns and stars circled around the earth is small orbits
1400 - 1525
Method of teaching where you just memorize information because everything has already been learned. There is no new information out there. Very wrong approach. Very reliant on the church. Never challenged anything. Satisfied with the GOD answer
Earth along with other celestial bodies moved in perfect circles around the sun. Went from geocentric to heliocentric. Big deal. Known as Copernican Revolution
1543 - 1687
A movement that ignited search for knowledge. Anti - scholastism. Challenge what you already know, challenge the church and the state.
Worked as Brahe's assitant. 3 laws of planetary motion.
- planets move in elipses around the sun
- velocity of planet depends on distance from the sun
- relationship between planets could be proved mathematically
Printing press by this time
Collect data without preconcieved notions in order to come to a conclusion, conclusions through inductive reasoning (draw conclusions from observations), empirical method, attacked scholasticism
inertia, charts heavens with a telescope, planets have imperfections, conflict with RCC, had tangible evidence
defends skepticism and abstract deductive reasoning (derive logical conclusions), "I think therefore I am", geometry, cartesian dualism
Tabula rasa, religious, calculus, three laws of motion (inertia, acceleration, action/reaction), gravity, generation later than others