LA MIDTERM

Scientific Revolution

Old View

1400 - 1525

Christian medieval understanding up to 16th c.
Earth was the center of an unchanging universe
Importance of astrology (signs of zodiac)
Suns and stars circled around the earth is small orbits

Scholasticism

1400 - 1525

Method of teaching where you just memorize information because everything has already been learned. There is no new information out there. Very wrong approach. Very reliant on the church. Never challenged anything. Satisfied with the GOD answer

Scientific Revolution

1543 - 1687

A movement that ignited search for knowledge. Anti - scholastism. Challenge what you already know, challenge the church and the state.

Copernicus

1543

Earth along with other celestial bodies moved in perfect circles around the sun. Went from geocentric to heliocentric. Big deal. Known as Copernican Revolution

Kepler

1609

Worked as Brahe's assitant. 3 laws of planetary motion.
- planets move in elipses around the sun
- velocity of planet depends on distance from the sun
- relationship between planets could be proved mathematically

Printing press by this time

Bacon

1626

Collect data without preconcieved notions in order to come to a conclusion, conclusions through inductive reasoning (draw conclusions from observations), empirical method, attacked scholasticism

Galileo

1630

inertia, charts heavens with a telescope, planets have imperfections, conflict with RCC, had tangible evidence

Descartes

1640

defends skepticism and abstract deductive reasoning (derive logical conclusions), "I think therefore I am", geometry, cartesian dualism

Hobbes

1651

Newton

1687

Tabula rasa, religious, calculus, three laws of motion (inertia, acceleration, action/reaction), gravity, generation later than others

Locke

1690

Enlightenment

Enlightenment

1733 - 1789

Montesquieu

1748

Rousseau

1762

Beccaria

1764

England

James I

1603 - 1625

Charles I

1625 - 1649

Oliver Cromwell

1648 - 1658

Commonwealth of England

1649 - 1660

France

Russia

Prussia

Germany

Austria

Italy

19th c. Thinkers