Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus
Death and assassination of Julius Caesar, March 15
Battle between Mark Antony and Cleopatra against Augustus
Time of Peace started by Augustus
Adopted son of Augustus who became the next emperor. Holds treason and not liked and not interested in politics
Mentally disturbed and very violent. Heir to Tiberius and assassinated after a short, brutal reign.
Physically handicapped and had a stutter but very smart and a good ruler.
Good administrator but viscous. Murdered many, persecuted Christians, and committed suicide
Ruled dictatorially, feared treason everywhere and executed many. Was assassinated
First good emperor, began custom of adopting heir
Empire reached its greatest extent, undertook vast building program, and enlarged social welfare
Consolidated earlier conquests and reorganized the bureaucracy
Reign was largely a period of peace and prosperity
Last of the 5 good emperors. Brought Empire to the height of economic prosperity, defeated invaders, and wrote philosophy
Hebrews migrated because of drought, famine, and they were fleeing from slavery. Moses led them from Egypt and received the Ten Commandments at Mount Sinai.
Saul-drove out Philistines from Palestine.
David-popular leader, united the tribes, made Jerusalem capitol, beat Goliath, and founded a dynasty.
Solomon-built huge trading empire, built walls around Jerusalem, beautified Jerusalem; grand temple, costly royal palace.