Barron's indian Act

Main

the Indian Act

1857 - 1869

the act was a consolidation of pre-existing colonial legislation including the Gradual Civilization Act (1857) and the Gradual Enfranchisement Act (1869).

The Gradual Civilization Act (1857):

1857

Any First Nations male had to be free of debt, literate and of good moral character could
be awarded full ownership (owned but not to be sold) of 59 acres of reserve land.

The Gradual Enfranchisement Act

1869

Increased government control of on-reserve political systems.

New Process for Leadership

1869

Canadian Government started voting system for chief and council

The indinan act of 1876

1876

the indinan act was put into place by canadian governmenct which regulated and controlled many aspects of First Nations lives across Canada.

Contemporary Indian Act

1876

Provisions made to Indian Act

Department of Indian Affairs

1880

Created to administer the Government of Canada's responsibilities under the Indian Act

Provisions to Indian Act

1884

Discouraged and punished First Nations people for taking part in cultural practices.

Major amendments to the Indian Act

1951

Changed some of the provisions in the legislation including banning dances and ceremonies. First Nations people could now hire lawyers to represent them in legal matters.

Bill C-31

1985

First Nations women could marry non-Status or non-First Nations men without losing their Indian status.