Chinese Dynasty

Main

Shang

1766 BCE - 1122 BCE

The Shang Dynasty

The Shang had important contributions to China. One of them, some say the most important, was the invention of writing (Minnesota State University - Shang Dynasty). Another contributions is that they used wheeled vehicles to move, like Horse-drawn chariots (Bee, Slide 11). They were also organized politically, having over 1000 cities.

Zhou

1122 BCE - 256 BCE

The Zhou Dynasty

The Zhou became stronger than the Shang and defeated them in war (Minnesota State University, Zhou Dynasty). The Mandate of Heaven was created by them and they use it to justify their rise to power. The emperor was known as the Son of Heaven (Bee, Slide 25).They developed iron weaponry which put an end to the use of bronze in weapons. With the tools made of Iron, agriculture and population increased.

Qin

221 BCE - 207 BCe

The Qin Dynasty

Qin Shi Huangdi, the found of the dynaste, declared himself as the First emperor of China (Bee, Slide 52). He connected and extended the walls along the north of China, forming the Great Wall of China (Enchanted Learning, Qin Shi Huangdi). Also, he expanded the chinese empire, build a capital in Xian, a system of roads and fortifications. He was a very harsh ruler and killed everyone who opposed him.

Han

206 BCE - 220 CE

The Han Dynasty

The empire began when Liu Bang, prince of Han, defeated the Qin Army (Minnesota State University, Han Dynasty). He incorporated Confucian ideas into their Legalist form of government and with this form, rewards and punishments were still used for common people. He created the capital at Ch'ang-an. After Liu Bang, Wu Ti's reign began and became a time of great millitary expansion. The expansion led to trade with Asia, using the silk road. Agriculture became easier and the tools were made of an iron of better quality. Also, education became more important.

Sui

580 - 618

The Sui Dynasty

The Sui united China again. During the Sui Dynasty, the Grand Canal was extended (Minnesota State University, Sui Dynasty. The building of granaries, the fortification of the Great Wall, the reconstruction of the two capitals near the Yellow River, and building another capital in Yangchow were evidence that the internal administration had improved. They were interested in expand their borders.

Tang

618 - 907

The Tang Dynasty.

They are closely associated with the Sui (Minnesota State University, Tang Dynasty). Much of their power were made possible thanks to the canals built by the Sui. They used the granaries the Sui built along the canal to transport good from souh to north. They created the Tang Code, the first chinese code that still exists. Their land dristribution program was very important to them to grow ther agriculture and economy. The tang grew stronger, so they extended their borders

Sung

969 - 1126

The Sung Dynasty

The Sung re-organized the imperial government, centralizing the control of the dynasty at the capital (Think Quest, Sung Dynasty). The education was flourishing and the economy too. But, the millitary was still weak. Their millitary was very weak and they had sign treaties so that they didn't participate in wars.

Yuan

1279 - 1368

The Yuan Dynasty

The entire area of China was ruled by foreigners, the mongols (Minnesota State University, Yuan Dynasty). China became part of the Mongol empire, led by Genghis Khan. Both empires were very different, which made the rulling difficult. There were great avances in literature: theatre and opera. The empire stopped trading, which made their economy very poor. They improved the millitary of China

Ming

1368 - 1644

The Ming Dynasty

It's founder was a peasant. He created laws that improved the peasant life (Minnesota State University, Ming Dynasty). He kept the land tax low. He retained the Confucian view that says that being a merchant is an inferior occupation. He maintained a very strong millitary. A great advance was the novel. Novels were written in everyday's language. Porcelain production began.

Qing

1644 - 1911

The Qing Dynasty

The second time when the whole China was controlled by foreigners (Minnesota State University). They adopted the form of government used by the Ming. They used one of the best millitary organizations in the world.The period of peace that followed the ascension of the Qing Dynasty allowed for growth in all areas. Porcelain production continued to grow. The boarders expanded to the greatest expent in the history of china.