Breanna's Indian Act Timeline

This timeline is 8 different events that happened during the Indian Act!

Main

Gradual Civilization Act

1857

The main goal of this act was to gradually get rid of First Nations. This was done by having every First Nation male who was free of debt, literature and of good moral character be given full ownership of 59 acres of reserve land.

Gradual Enfranchisement Act

1869

The purpose of this act was to encourage First Nation People to assimilate and give up their treaty status.

New Process For Leadership

1869

The Canadian Government introduced the voting system for chief and council which took place every 2 years. This system replaced the traditional forms of choosing First Nation leadership.

The Indian Act

1876

Many First Nation people took this as going against treaties. This act imposed several restrictions on First Nations. The treaties were seen as a mutual agreement signed for the shared protection and benefit for both parties. A peaceful co- existence was key to these agreements!

Department of Indian Affairs

1880

This was created to administer the Government of Canada's responsibilities under the Indian Act. Indian agents were appointed to regulate and enforced the Indian Act.

Provisions To Indian Act

1884 - 1889

This was designed to discourage and punish First Nations peoples for participating in cultural practices such as dancing. First Nations peoples were also banned from conducting or participating in First Nations spiritual ceremonies.

Provisions To The Industrial/ Residential Schools

1894

First Nations children had no choice but to go to these schools. Part of the federal government assimilation policy focused on First Nations children's cultural beliefs and practices.

Major Amendments To Indian Act

1951 - 1985

The 1951 amendments removed some of the provisions in the legislation, including the banning of dances and ceremonies and the prohibition on pursuing claims against the government. In 1985, bill C-13 was introduced which allowed First Nations women to marry non- Fist Nations or non- Status men without losing their Indian status. It also allowed Fist Nation men and women who had lost their Indian status to apply to have their status reinstated.