Mitchell's Indian Act

This is the timeline of the Indian Act

Main

The Gradual Civilization Act

1857

This act allowed First Nations men who were free of debt, literate and has a good moral character could be given 59 acers of reserve land. This would allow the man to cease being an Indian.

New Process for Leadership

1869

The Canadian Government introduced the voting system for the chief and council which took place every 2 years.

The Gradual Enfranchisement Act

1869

This act increased government control over the on-reserve political system. The First Nations' participation in their own governance was minimal and the Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs was determined when and how First Nations elections of governance would take place.

Contemporary Indian Act

1876

This introduced education, membership, elections for band government, taxation, liquor restrictions and management of First Nations land and resources.

The Indian Act of 1876

1876

The Indian act of 1876 was to control First Nations across Canada.

The Administrative Powers

1880

The Department of Indian Affairs was created to administer the Government of Canada's responsibility under the Indian Act.

Cultural Heritage Taken Away

1884

This was designed to discourage and punish First Nations for participating in cultural practices, and banned them from taking part in spiritual ceremonies.

Industrial/Residential Schools

1894

This act provided schools and education for the First Nation's children, and the children had to go with no exceptions.

The Conclusion of the Indian Act

1951

The amendments removed some of the provisions in the legislation, such as the ceremonies and dances taken away and the prohibition on pursuing claims against the government.

Bill C~31

1985

Was introduced which allowed First Nations women to marry non-First Nations with out losing their Indian status.