History Of Governments'

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Sumer (City - States Arise)

4000 BC - 2334 BC

They were the world first system of law.
Ruler was responsible for maintaining the city walls and the irrigation systems.
Ruler was chief servant of the gods and led ceremonies.
Men were the head of the households and were the only ones allowed to go to school.
Women could buy and sell property and run businesses.

Sargon Forms Empire

2334 BC - 2279 BC

Sumerian city-state king fought for the Mesopotamia land from 3000 BC to 2000 BC.
Sargon was a powerful, wise, leader creator of the first empire.
Conquering all great kings surrounding him he rose to power.
The rebellions began during his life lasting until his sons life but the empire was not harmed until the rise of his grandson.

Hammurabi's Code

1792 BC - 1750 BC

First written laws in a society.
Has major influence in todays' society and shown an example of a written system of laws.

Democracy formed by Athens

550 BC - 86 BC

Athens created a direct democracy by forcing a non-harmful way for every citizen to vote for. any new or upcoming laws.
Women, children and slaves were not permitted the right to vote based on the fact that they were not concerned citizens.
Athens was the first official society to be ruled that way.

Formation of the Roman Republic

509 BC - 27 BC

Rome was ruled by the Kings until the transformation into a republic.
The republic was selected by the people.
People elected representatives and the representatives were the senate.
The senate elected two leaders who took charge of the government and the military. This was a annual cycle.
The Rome Republics army began the grow along with the Republic its self.
Rome conquered new land beyond the Italian Peninsula but its culture and language spread farther into Spain and Greece.

Formation of the Roman Empire

27 BC - 13 AD

Julius Caesar was a governor in the Democratic society. He used his fame and power as a strength and became a dictator. He ended the Republican Government of Rome and once he did it was very peaceful time for the Romans.

Feudalism began in Europe

900 AD - 1050 AD

During the fall of the Roman Empire the Romans in Europe fled back to their homeland leaving Europe in a disorganized mess.
Feudalism was adopted from some Roman ways but changed by those with power.
A system where everyone's basic needs were fulfilled but power was determined by benefits you received.

English Civil War

August 22, 1642 - September 3, 1651

Consisted of a series of armed conflicts and political disagreements between the Royalists and Parliamentarians.
Royalist were also known as Cavaliers lead by King Charles I.
Parliamentarians were also known as Roundheads.

Glorious Revolution in England

1688 - 1689

The Revolution was called Glorious because the main goal was achieved without any bloodshed.
James II took the thrown after his brother died and he wanted to reestablish the Roman Catholic religion in England.
The people did not like the sudden change in religion and revolted.
The revolt resulted in a victory for the people or parliament.
This victory established a monarchy in England.

Rise of Absolute Monarchies

1700 - 1800

Before the absolute monarchy there were weak Medieval King and overtime more power was giving to the noble.
Slowly all weak kings became a powerful Parliament.
This way of government showed great success, a domino effect began to happen and most European countries became absolute monarchies.

American Revolution

April 19, 1775 - September 3, 1783

The American Revolution from the British was foreshadowed by many acts including the stamp act and the intolerable act passed by the British Parliament.

The Final Act was when the colonies wrote and sent "The Olive Branch" and King George III refused to receive it.