Ancient Roots of American Governement


First city-states arise in Sumer

2900 B.C. - 2270 B.C.

It was a bureaucracy. It city had a temple to worship a god or goddess of the city. Each city was ruled by a priestly governor or by a king who was intimately tied to the city's religious rites.

Sargon of Akkad formed empire

2270 bc - 2083 bc

It was an Empire centered in Akkad. Sargon defeated and captured Lugal-Zage-Si in the Battle of Uruk and conquered his empire. During 3rd bc, there developed cultural symbiosis with the Summerians and the Semetric Akkadians. Collapsed from the invasion of barbarian peoples in the Zagros Mountains.

Hammurabi's Code

1792 bc - 1750 bc

It was dual anarchy.The sixth Babylonian, Hammurabi, enacted the code. It consisted of 282 laws. Longest surviving text from Old Babylonian period.

Athens formed direct democracy

550 bc - 322 bc

a political system in which the people do not elect representatives to vote on their behalf but vote on legislation and executive bills in their own righ

Roman Republic

509 bc - 367 bc

third period of ancient Rome civilization. involved a monarchy

Roman Empire formed

44 bc - 117 ad

The first two centuries of the Empire were a period of unprecedented stability and prosperity known as the Pax Romana ("Roman Peace").[8] It reached its greatest expanse during the reign of Trajan (98–117 AD)

Feudalism began in Europe

100 ad - 900 ad

a set of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries, which, broadly defined, was a system for structuring society around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labour

rise of absolute monarchies

1601 - 1897

is a monarchical form of government in which the monarch exercises ultimate governing authority as head of state and head of government

English civil war

1642 - 1651

The English Civil War was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians (Roundheads) and Royalists (Cavaliers).

Glorious revolution in England

1688 - 1689

, was the overthrow of King James II of England (James VII of Scotland and James II of Ireland) by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III of Orange-Nassau.

American revolution

1774 - 1788

a conflict in which the 13 colonies succeeded from England in order to gain independence. The result of this conflict was America becoming it's own country