Post World War Two

Civil Rights Movement

comprimise of 1877

1877

ended reconstruction. the republicans would get the presidencey and the democrats would get the end of reconstruction. this happened becuse the ballots in florida over the counting in them. (dems thought it was fraud and republicvans were like no we won)

UN-American Activities Committee (HUAC)

1938

was an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. It was created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Communist ties

atomic weapons

1945

mass destruction bombs that were created after wwll. we used them to scare off russia and boss them around. but used against japan

Committee of Civil Rights

1946 - 1947

a committee to strengthen civil rights. made by truman

containment policy

1946

when america wanted to contain communism from spreading from russia to anywhere else

committee of civil rights

1946 - 1947

a committee to strenghten the civil rights and keep a close eye on them. made by truman and dibanned 1947

president Truman

1-1-1947 - 1-2-47

intergration of the military. and the committee of the civil rights

baseball

1947

jackie robinson was first major league player in a sport and helped move the intergration of civil rights into sports

Truman

1947

(one day)intergration of the military and made the committee of civil rights

the intergration of baseball

1947

jackie robinson was the first black mlb player. he broke down the barrier that didnt allow blacks to play sports

truman doctrine

1947

truman was a peace treaty with greece and turkey and said they would support them with military and economic aid to prevent them falling to communism to the soviet union

National Security act

1947

which realigned and reorganized the U.S. Armed Forces, foreign policy, and Intelligence Community apparatus in the aftermath of World War Il

second red scare

1947 - 1954

people went after people who they thought were for communism

marshal plan

1948

in which the United States gave economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism.

Berlin Airlift

1948

wehn soviet union blokaded americas allie berlin and so america had to air lift aid in to the city and soviet union couldnt do anything about it without starting a war.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization(nato)

1949

The organization constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.

Goal: Contain Communism in North Korea

1950

when america fought against north korea to stop them from becomming communist and so they won but then china stepped in and pushed them back to south korea. so south korea became democracy and north korea became communist.

joseph mccarthy

1950

a anti communist crusader. he got elected govener and told everyone that alot of people were communist and got them scared. he said all democrats were. and some generals.

Rosenberg Case

1950

the Federal Bureau of Investigation arrested Julius Rosenberg (1918–53), an electrical engineer who had worked (1940–45) for the U.S. army signal corps, and his wife Ethel (1916–53); they were indicted for conspiracy to transmit classified military information to the Soviet Union. they weere trialled and told guilty.

beatniks

1950 - 1960

Beatnik was a media stereotype of the 1950s to mid 1960s that displayed the more superficial aspects of the Beat Generation literary movement of the 1950s and violent film images, along with a cartoonish depiction of the real-life people and the spiritual quest in Jack Kerouac's autobiographical fiction. it was about life and love

Truman Vs. MacArthur

1951

when macaurthur fired on china when truman ordered him not to and that started the enter of china into the war and made them loose all there territory.

Earl Warren Cour

1953 - 1969

The Warren Court expanded civil rights, civil liberties, judicial power, and the federal power in dramatic ways. the court was both applauded and criticized for bringing an end to racial segregation in the United States, incorporating the Bill of Rights

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

1954

stopped the plessy vs. ferguson debate and ended the seperation of whites and blacks in diffrent schools

brown v. board of education of topeka

1954

over turned the plessy v. ferguson decision

montgomery

1955

where blacks boycotted riding the bus in new york becuase of the rosda parks story.

sputnik

1955

was the first artificial Earth satellite. it was made by russia and made the u.s rush to make the next best space material.

eisenhower

1957

The Civil Rights Act of 1957 was introduced in Eisenhower’s presidency and was the act that kick-started the civil rights legislative programme. he just wanted blacks to vote

greensboro

1957

Six African American students begin attending formerly all-white schools in Greensboro, one at Greensboro Senior High and the remainder at Gillespie Park Elementary, ushering in the era of “token integration''

eisenhower

1960

re-elected. made the civil rights act of 1960-The 1960 Civil Rights Act introduced penalties to be levied against anybody who obstructed someone’s attempt to register to vote or someone’s attempt to actually vote. A Civil Rights Commission was created

SNCC

1960 - 1967

Student non-violence coridinating commitee.was one of the organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. It emerged from a series of student meetings led by Ella Baker held at Shaw University in April 1960.

U-2 Incident

1960

-2 weeks before “Spirit of Camp David” planned meeting in Paris Russians shot down a US spy plane over Soviet Union
-exposed secret US tactic for gaining information where US decided to conduct regular spy flights over Soviet territory to find out about enemy’s missile program
-Eisenhower took full responsibility and Khrushchev denounced him and called off Paris summit

ohio vs. mapp

1961

was a landmark case in criminal procedure, in which the United States Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment, which protects against "unreasonable searches and seizures," may not be used in state law criminal prosecutions in state courts

berlin wall

1961 - 1989

-Kennedy agreed to meet soviet premier Khrushchev in Vienna
-Khrushchev threaten president by renewing Soviet demands US troops be pulled out of Berlin; Kennedy refused
-East Germans supported by Soviet built a wall around West Berlin to stop eastern germans from fleeing into Berlin
-1963 president traveled to West Berlin to assure residents still had US support
-Berlin wall stood until torn down by East Germans in 1989

Bay of Pigs Invasion

1961

-Kennedy gave approval to CIA scheme planned under Eisenhower administration to use Cuban exiles to overthrow Castro in Cuba
-CIA trained force of Cubans landed at Bay of Pigs but failed to set off uprising
-anti-Castro Cubans trapped ad had to surrender after Kennedy refused to use US forces to save them
-Castro used invasion to get aid from Soviet Union and strengthen his power

mississippi

1962

murdering of civil rights activists in miss.

march on washington

1962

martin luther king spoke the ' ihave a dream' speach. and 250,000 people showed up. 100 year anniversary of free of slavery

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

-US planes found that Russians building underground sites in Cuba for launching of offensive missiles that could reach the Us
-Kennedy announced that he was setting up naval blockade of Cuba until weapons removed
-Khrushchev agreed to remove missiles from Cuba in exchange for Kennedy’s pledge not to invade Cuba
-afterward telecommunications was established between Washington and Moscow
-1963 soviet union, us and many other nations signed Nuclear Test Ban Treaty to end testing of nuclear weapons in atmosphere

Gideon v. Wainwright

1963

is a landmark case in United States Supreme Court history. In the case, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Fourteenth Amendment to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford to pay their own attorneys,

feminine mystique

1963 - 1964

-Started Second Wave Feminists
-non-fiction by Betty Friiedan
-based on real housewives unhappiness despite their happy marriages and material wealth

Alabama

1963

tthe climax of the modern civil rights movement occurred in Birmingham. The city's violent response to the spring 1963 demonstrations against white supremacy forced the federal government to intervene on behalf of race reform. they enforced dogs

Escobedo V. Illinois

1964 - 1965

-Criminals Have Right to Counsel For Interrogation and trial
-Escobedo Denied access to his lawyer for legal counsel for no reason

Tonkin Gulf Resolution

1964

-Johnson used a naval incident in Gulf of Tonkin where north Vietnamese gunboats had fired on Us warships to gain congressional authorization for Us forces going into combat
-the Tonkin Gulf Resolution gave president as commander in chief a blank check to take necessary measures to protect US measures in Vietnam

Civil Rights Act 1964

July 2,1964 - july 3, 1964

-outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women
-signed by Lyndon B Johnson
-public places only
-called for by John F. Kennedy in his civil rights speech on June 11,1963

24th Amendment

1965 - 1966

-Ended Poll tax
-Must let all citizens vote
-federal elections only
-Breedlove vs suttles concluded that poll tax was alright Previously

Assassination

1965

civil rights leader malcom x was assassinated

Escalation of Vietnam War

1965 - 1967

-president’s foreign policy advisers recommended expanding operations in Vietnam to save Saigon government
-Johnson authorized Operation Rolling Thunder a prolonged air attack using b52 bomber planes against North Vietnam
-in April first use of combat troops and by end of 1965 more than 184000 troops
-American generals used search and destroy tactic which alienated the peasants
-by end 0f 1967 Us had over 48500 troops in Vietnam

Riots

1965 - 1968

took place in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles from August 11 to 17, 1965. The six-day riot resulted in 34 deaths, 1,032 injuries, 3,438 arrests, and over $40 million in property damage. It was the most severe riot in the city’s history until the Los Angeles riots of 1992.

NOW

1966

The National Organization for Women (NOW) is an organization founded in 1966 and which has a membership of 500,000 contributing members set up for the advancement of women. The organization consists of 550 chapters in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia

Tet Offensive

1968

-on the Vietnam Lunar New Year the Vietcong launched an all out surprise attack on almost all provincial capital and American base in south Vietnam
-US military counterattacked and recovered the lost cities
-the destruction viewed on TVs in America appeared as a set back on Johnson’s Vietnam policy
-for Vietcong and North Vietnamese it was a tremendous political victory because it demoralized American public

1968 Election

1968

-democrats met in Chicago for their party convention and Hubert Humphrey had enough delegates to win nomination, but antiwar demonstrators wanted Richard Daley
-Hubert Humphrey won democrat nomination
-Governor George Wallace of Alabama influenced federal desegregation, antiwar protests, and race riots and ran for president as self-nominated candidate of American independent party wanting to win enough votes to throw election into the house
-Nixon was favorite of republican party regulars and easily secured his nomination at Republican convention; his running mate was Governor Agnew of Maryland
-Nixon defeated Humphrey by very close popular and took a majority of electoral vote

Woodstock

1969

a free concert that brought people together

Vietnamization

1969 - 1972

-Nixon announced he would gradually draw US troops from Vietnam and give South Vietnamese the money, the weapons, and the training that they needed to take over the war
-Us troops in south Vietnam went from 540000 in 1969 to 30000 in 1972
-president proclaimed the Nixon doctrine declaring that in future Asian allies would receive US support but without extensive use of Us ground forces

SALT 2

November 1969 - 1979

The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
U.S. and soviet union met to reduce weapons of mass destruction

ERA

1972 - June 30, 1982

The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) was a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal rights for women

End of Vietnam War

1972 - 1973

-Nixon and Kissinger conducted secret meetings with North Vietnam’s foreign minister Le Duc Tho
-when North Vietnam failed to compromise Nixon ordered massive bombing of North Vietnam
-North Vietnamese agreed to an armistice
-the Paris Accords of January 1973 stated that the US would withdraw last of its troops and get back over 500 prisoners of war, and called for a cease fire and free elections but didn’t end the war between north and south Vietnam
-58,000 Americans died and $118 billion spent on war began inflationary cycle in US economy

star wars

1983 - 1987

a project that ronald regan set up.
missle defense system
not possible with tech. back then

Gorbachev

1988 - 1991

soviet union president
started reform movements

perestroika

1989

a reform of the communist party. meaning “reconstruction

Tiananmen Square protests

1989

riot in china against the goverment. china used the army to put down the riots

glasnost

1989

a policy in the soviet union that said the goverment needed to be more transparent