POST WORLD WAR TWO

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Civil Rights

Commitee of Civil rights

December 5, 1946 - December 1947

Committee to evaluate civil rights in the united states. The committee was suppose to come up with solutions to better civil rights and report back to President Harry Truman

Truman

1947 - 1948

intergrated the military
Truman requesedt that Congress act to mitigate discrimination against blacks did not result in any congressional action

Baseball

1947 - 1948

Jackie Robinson broke color barriers by playing with the Brooklyn Dodgers

Beatniks

1948 - 1965

generation of hispters that were famous for hitchhiking (free spirits)
introduced violent film images, along with a cartoonish depiction of the real-life people
stressed the importance of bettering one's inner self over and above material possessions.

Brown v. Board of Education

December 9, 1952 - May 17, 1954

Decided that segregation didn't make things equal
overturned Plessy v. Fergueson

Earl Warren Court 1953-1969

1953 - 1969

Warren Court refers to the Supreme Court of the United States between 1953 and 1969, when Earl Warren served as Chief Justice. He served on a lot of controversial cases.

Montgomery, AL

December 1, 1955 - December 21, 1956

Blacks boycotted the bus system to protest racial segregation.
Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person, to December 20, 1956

Eisenhower- 1957

September 24, 1957 - September 15, 1958

Eisenhower sent troops toLittle Rock, Arkansas to protect nine black students at their newly desegregated school.

Greensborr sit-ins

February 1, 1960 - July 25, 1960

Joseph McNeil, Franklin McCain, Ezell Blair, Jr. and David Richmond ordered coffee at woolworth but were not served. They stayed until the store closed and more people came to sit in most college students from the area (numbers reached over )

SNCC

April 1960 - 1969

SNCC on projects in Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Arkansas, and Maryland SNCC played a major role in the sit-ins and freedom rides, a leading role in the 1963 March on Washington
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

Eisenhower - 1960

May 6, 1960 - 2013

federal inspection of local voter registration polls and introduced penalties for anyone who obstructed someone's attempt to register to vote
eliminated loopholes left by the Civil Rights Act of 1957

Mapp v. Ohio

March 29, 1961 - June 19, 1961

decided that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment (unreasonable searches and seizures) can't be used in state law criminal prosecutions in state courts, or federal court

Mississippi – 1962

October 1, 1962 - August 18, 1963

riots occured after a black student was enrolled (James Meredith) at the University of Mississippi

Feminine Mystique - 1963

1963 - 2013

book by Betty Friedman credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States

Gideon v. Wainwright - 1963

January 15, 1963 - March 18, 1963

supreme ruled that state courts are required under the Fourteenth Amendment to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford to pay their own attorneys

March on Washington – 1963

August 28, 1963 - August 29, 1963

martin Luther King Jr. delievered his"I Have a Dream" speech
the march called for civil and economic equality for African Americans

Alabama – 1963

September 15, 1963 - September 16, 1963

Four girls were killed after their church, 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, was bombed by four KKK members

24th Amendment

January 23, 1964 - 2013

prohibits both Congress and the states governments from requiring voters to pay poll tax, or other types of taxes, to be able to vote in federal elections

Escobedo v. Illinois - 1964

April 29, 1964 - June 22, 1964

criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations under the Sixth Amendment

Civil Rights Act – 1964

July 2, 1964 - 2013

outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women

ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at work and facilities that served the general public

assassination of Malcom X

February 21, 1965 - February 22, 1965

African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist was killed in new york city during his speech to the Organization of Afro-American Unity

Civil Rights Act of 1965

August 6, 1965 - 2013

outlawed discriminatory voting practices

Riots – 1965-1968

August 11, 1965 - August 17, 1965

The Watts Riots (or Watts Rebellion)[1] took place in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles

spread of blacks throughout the area was achieved in large part through "blockbusting," a technique whereby real estate speculators would buy a home on an all-white street, sell or rent it to a black family, and then buy up the remaining homes from whites at cut-rate prices and sell them at a hefty profit to housing-hungry blacks

National Organization for Women

1966 - 2013

advocated the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment, enforcement of the prohibitions against sex discrimination in employment under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, maternity leave rights in employment and in Social Security benefits, tax deduction for home and child care expenses for working parents, child day care centers, equal and non-gender-segregated education, equal job training opportunities and allowances for women in poverty, and the right of women to control their reproductive lives.[6]

Miranda v. Arizona

February 28, 1966 - June 13, 1966

The Miranda warning (often abbreviated to "Miranda," or "Mirandizing" a suspect) is the name of the formal warning that is required to be given by police in the United States to criminal suspects in police custody (or in a custodial situation) before they are interrogated, in accordance with the Miranda ruling

thurgood marshall 1967

June 13, 1967 - 1991

first black supreme court justice appionted

assassinations 1968

April 4, 1968 - June 5, 1968

Presidential nominee Robert Kennedy was killed after winning the South Dakota and California primaries

Martin Luther King Jr. a civil right activist was shot in memphis tennessee after

woodstock

August 15, 1969 - August 18, 1969

Music festival held at Max Yasgur's 600-acre dairy farm in Bethel, New York

ERA - 1972

1972 - December 23, 1981

was a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal rights for women
approved by congress

Cold War

Tokin Gulf Resolution

August 7, 1964

response to the tonkin gulf incident when the us massox was attacked by three north vietnamese torpedo ships