Jackie Robinson first black to play baseball and he played for the Brooklyn Dodgers
First to challenge racial discrimination, strengthened civil rights division of justice department
Expanded Civil Rights and Liberties, brought end to racial segregation in the U.S. Named during the time of Earl Warren as Chief Justice.
Racial segregation in school is unconstitutional
Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a bus and was sent to prison, so 50 blacks started the Montgomery Bus Boycott for a better transportation system.
Eisenhower told District of Columbia officials to make Washington a model for the rest of the country in integrating black and white public school children. He proposed to Congress the Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1960 and signed those acts into law. The 1957 act for the first time established a permanent civil rights office inside the Justice Department and a Civil Rights Commission to hear testimony about abuses of voting rights
Organized voter registration drives all over the south
Advocated spontaneity, use of drugs and rebellion against societal standards
Four black college students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College sat down at an all-white Woolworth's lunch counter, and refused to leave after they were denied service. The four students purchased small items in other parts of the store and kept their receipts, then sat down at the lunch counter and asked to be served. After being denied service, they produced their receipts and asked why their money was good everywhere else at the store, but not at the lunch counter. Hundreds of others soon joined in this sit-in, which lasted several months. Such protests quickly spread across the South, ultimately leading to the desegregation of Woolworth's and other chains.
ruled that illegally sized evidence can't be used in court against the accused.
Involved lynching of James Earl Chaney and Michael Swerner by the Ku Klux Klan.
called for civil and economic rights for blacks and MLK gave his speech
State Courts are required under the 14th amendment to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford to pay their own attorneys
Led by Fred Shuttlesworth, center of civil rights struggle for blacks
Sparked beginning of second-wave feminism and was written by Betty Friedan
Criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations under 6th amendment
Outlawed major forms of discrimination against women and racial minorities. Also ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools and facilities
Prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.
outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.S.
Malcolm X was addressing an audience when a man yelled. Malcolm X went to calm him when he was shot 3 times and died later
An organization founded in 1966 and which has a membership of 500,000 contributing members set up for the advancement of women. The organization consists of 550 chapters in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia.
The Court held that both inculpatory and exculpatory statements made in response to interrogation by a defendant in police custody will be admissible at trial only if the prosecution can show that the defendant was informed of the right to consult with an attorney before and during questioning and of the right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police, and that the defendant not only understood these rights, but voluntarily waived them.
Worked with the NAACP and was the Chief Counsel for it. Helped make decision in Brown V. Board of Ed., Was the first African judge. Worked with J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI
was a wave of civil disturbance which swept the United States following the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. in 1968.
Was a music concert that was used as a huge form of protest for Civil Rights and still has effects today.
Guaranteed equal rights for women.The ERA failed to receive the requisite number of ratifications before the final deadline mandated by Congress of June 30, 1982 expired, and so it was not adopted
Investigates alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens and public employees
economic aid to help the nations of Europe revive their economies. Strengthened democratic governments.
Reorganized the US armed forces, foreign policy, and Intelligence Community apparatus after WWII
clashed with Truman, presided over the Army-McCarthy hearings and was on the US Senate until his death
stated that U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with military aid to prevent Russia from taking over them
Supplies was dropped to Berlin residents until Soviets blocked the transportation of the goods
North Atlantic Treaty Organization, member states agree to mutual defense in a response to an attack by any external party
UN supported Republic of Korea, and China supported North Korea, goal was to contain communism in North Korea
Convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage during a time of war and was executed
Truman relieved General of the Army Douglas MacArthur because he made statements that contradicted the administrations policies
Was the first Earth satellite created by the Russians AKA Soviet Union
Gave Lyndon Johnson authorization for military force usage in Southeast Asia. In other words, it gave Lyndon Johnson permission to assist any member of SEATO
Campaign of surprise attacks launched against military control centers in South Vietnam when no attacks were supposed to happen.
Nixon, Hubert Humphrey, and George Wallace ran for president. Disrupted New Deal Coalition. Nixon wins
Policy of Nixon to expand and train South Vietnam's forces and assign them to a combat role and reducing U.S troops in Vietnam
Series of talks between U.S. and Soviet negotiators, and sought to curtail the manufacture of strategic nuclear weapons. Continuation of SALT 1
Gorbachev's policy that called for increased openness and transparency in government institutions and activities in the Soviet Union
AKA SDI, proposed usage of ground-based systems to protect the U.S. from attack by nuclear ballistic missiles
Gorbachev policy that was a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Series of riots in China led by students and were supported by city residents and exposed deep splits within China's government. Riots were put down by military and was dubbed the Tiananmen Square Massacre