Post World War Two

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Main

Civil Rights

Commitee of Civil Rights

1946

Baseball

1947

Jackie Robinson first black to play baseball and he played for the Brooklyn Dodgers

Harry Truman

1947

First to challenge racial discrimination, strengthened civil rights division of justice department

Earl Warren Court

1953 - 1969

Expanded Civil Rights and Liberties, brought end to racial segregation in the U.S. Named during the time of Earl Warren as Chief Justice.

Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka

1954

Racial segregation in school is unconstitutional

Montgomery Bus Boycott

1955

Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a bus and was sent to prison, so 50 blacks started the Montgomery Bus Boycott for a better transportation system.

Dwight D. Eisenhower and Civil Rights

1957

Eisenhower told District of Columbia officials to make Washington a model for the rest of the country in integrating black and white public school children. He proposed to Congress the Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1960 and signed those acts into law. The 1957 act for the first time established a permanent civil rights office inside the Justice Department and a Civil Rights Commission to hear testimony about abuses of voting rights

SNCC

1960 - 1969

Organized voter registration drives all over the south

Beatniks

1960

Advocated spontaneity, use of drugs and rebellion against societal standards

Greensboro, NC Civil Rights Movement

1960

Four black college students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College sat down at an all-white Woolworth's lunch counter, and refused to leave after they were denied service. The four students purchased small items in other parts of the store and kept their receipts, then sat down at the lunch counter and asked to be served. After being denied service, they produced their receipts and asked why their money was good everywhere else at the store, but not at the lunch counter.[23] Hundreds of others soon joined in this sit-in, which lasted several months. Such protests quickly spread across the South, ultimately leading to the desegregation of Woolworth's and other chains.

Mapp vs. Ohio

1961

ruled that illegally sized evidence can't be used in court against the accused.

MIssissippi Civil Rights Workers Murders

1962

Involved lynching of James Earl Chaney and Michael Swerner by the Ku Klux Klan.

March on Washington

1963

called for civil and economic rights for blacks and MLK gave his speech

Gideon V. Wainwright

1963

State Courts are required under the 14th amendment to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford to pay their own attorneys

Birmingham, AL Civil Rights Movement

1963

Led by Fred Shuttlesworth, center of civil rights struggle for blacks

Feminine Mystique

1963

Sparked beginning of second-wave feminism and was written by Betty Friedan

Escobedo v. Illinois

1964

Criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations under 6th amendment

Civil Rights Act of 1964

1964

Outlawed major forms of discrimination against women and racial minorities. Also ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools and facilities

24th Amendment

1964

Prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.

Civil Rights Act of 1965

1965

outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.S.

Malcolm X Assassination

1965

Malcolm X was addressing an audience when a man yelled. Malcolm X went to calm him when he was shot 3 times and died later

National Organization for Women

1966

An organization founded in 1966 and which has a membership of 500,000 contributing members set up for the advancement of women. The organization consists of 550 chapters in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia.

Miranda V. Arizona

1966

The Court held that both inculpatory and exculpatory statements made in response to interrogation by a defendant in police custody will be admissible at trial only if the prosecution can show that the defendant was informed of the right to consult with an attorney before and during questioning and of the right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police, and that the defendant not only understood these rights, but voluntarily waived them.

Thurgood Marshall

1967

Worked with the NAACP and was the Chief Counsel for it. Helped make decision in Brown V. Board of Ed., Was the first African judge. Worked with J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI

King Assassination Riots

1968

was a wave of civil disturbance which swept the United States following the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. in 1968.

Woodstock

1969

Was a music concert that was used as a huge form of protest for Civil Rights and still has effects today.

Equal Rights Amendment

1972

Guaranteed equal rights for women.The ERA failed to receive the requisite number of ratifications before the final deadline mandated by Congress of June 30, 1982 expired, and so it was not adopted

Cold War

HUAC

1938

Investigates alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens and public employees

Marshall Plan

1947 - 1948

economic aid to help the nations of Europe revive their economies. Strengthened democratic governments.

National Security Act

1947

Reorganized the US armed forces, foreign policy, and Intelligence Community apparatus after WWII

Joseph McCarthy

1947

clashed with Truman, presided over the Army-McCarthy hearings and was on the US Senate until his death

Truman Doctrine

1947

stated that U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with military aid to prevent Russia from taking over them

Berlin Airlift

1948

Supplies was dropped to Berlin residents until Soviets blocked the transportation of the goods

NATO

1949

North Atlantic Treaty Organization, member states agree to mutual defense in a response to an attack by any external party

Korean War

1950 - 1953

UN supported Republic of Korea, and China supported North Korea, goal was to contain communism in North Korea

Rosenberg Case

1950

Convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage during a time of war and was executed

Truman vs. MacArthur

1951

Truman relieved General of the Army Douglas MacArthur because he made statements that contradicted the administrations policies

Sputnik

1957

Was the first Earth satellite created by the Russians AKA Soviet Union

Tonkin Gulf Resolution

1964

Gave Lyndon Johnson authorization for military force usage in Southeast Asia. In other words, it gave Lyndon Johnson permission to assist any member of SEATO

Tet Offensive

1968

Campaign of surprise attacks launched against military control centers in South Vietnam when no attacks were supposed to happen.

1968 Election

1968

Nixon, Hubert Humphrey, and George Wallace ran for president. Disrupted New Deal Coalition. Nixon wins

Vietnamization

1968 - 1970

Policy of Nixon to expand and train South Vietnam's forces and assign them to a combat role and reducing U.S troops in Vietnam

Salt II

1972 - 1979

Series of talks between U.S. and Soviet negotiators, and sought to curtail the manufacture of strategic nuclear weapons. Continuation of SALT 1

Glasnost

1980 - 1990

Gorbachev's policy that called for increased openness and transparency in government institutions and activities in the Soviet Union

Star Wars

1983

AKA SDI, proposed usage of ground-based systems to protect the U.S. from attack by nuclear ballistic missiles

Perestroika

1986

Gorbachev policy that was a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Tiananmen Square

1989

Series of riots in China led by students and were supported by city residents and exposed deep splits within China's government. Riots were put down by military and was dubbed the Tiananmen Square Massacre