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Comitee of Civil Rights

1946

The President's Committee on Civil Rights was established by Executive Order 9808 on December 5, 1946. Its purpose was to propose measures to strengthen and protect the civil rights of the American people.

President Truman

1947

Truman integrated the military

Integration of Baseball

1947

Jackie Robinson becomes the first Black to play in the white Major Leagues

Beatniks

1950 - 1960

The Beats tended to be essentially apolitical, but the hippies became actively engaged with the civil rights movement and the anti-war movements

Earl Warren Court

1953 - 1969

The warren court expanded civil rights, civil liberties, judicial power and federal power in dramatic ways.

Brown v. Board of Education

1954

the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional
Integration of Public Schools

Montgomery Bus Boycott

Dec. 1 1955

The Montgomery Bus Boycott officially started on December 1, 1955. That was the day when the blacks of Montgomery, Alabama, decided that they would boycott the city buses until they could sit anywhere they wanted, instead of being relegated to the back when a white boarded

Greensboro NC

1957

Sit ins became more and more frequent

Eisenhower

1957

introduced during Eisenhower's presidency,The 1957 Civil Rights Bill aimed to ensure that all African Americans could exercise their right to vote

SNCC

1960 - 1970

The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) was one of the organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. It emerged from a series of student meetings led by Ella Baker held at Shaw University in April 1960.

Eisenhower

1960

The 1960 Civil Rights Act, introduced during Eisenhower presidency, penalties were to be levied against anybody who obstructed someone’s attempt to register to vote or someone’s attempt to actually vote

Mapp v. Ohio

1961

the United States Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment, which protects against "unreasonable searches and seizures," may not be used in state law criminal prosecutions in state courts, as well, as had previously been the law, as in federal criminal law prosecutions in federal courts.

Mississipi

1962

Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals orders James Meredith admitted to the University of Mississippi

Congress abolished poll taxes in federal elections

March on Washington

1963

one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history [3] and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans. It took place in Washington, D.C. on Wednesday, August 28, 1963. Martin Luther King, Jr., standing in front of the Lincoln Memorial, delivered his historic "I Have a Dream" speech advocating racial harmony during the march

Gideon v. Wainwright

1963

the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Fourteenth Amendment to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford to pay their own attorneys

SCLC

1963

The Birmingham campaign was a strategic movement organized by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to bring attention to the unequal treatment that black Americans endured in Birmingham, Alabama.

Alabama-Birmingham

1963

The climax of the modern civil rights movement occurred in Birmingham. The city’s violent response to the spring 1963 demonstrations against white supremacy forced the federal government to intervene on behalf of race reform

Feminine Mystique

1963

Non fiction book by Betty Friedan, started another wave of feminism across America

24th amendment

1964

ended the poll tax

Escobedo v. Illinois

1964

Suspect could be provided counsel at trial

Civil rights act

1965

ensured african americans the right to vote

Assasination x

1966

Malcom X was assainated

Miranda v. arizona

1966

Court case made what is now the miranda rights
It ensured that every suspect were informed their rights

Thurgood Marshall

1967 - 1991

First african american in the supreme court, was a judge and lawyer

Assasinations of 1968

1968

Martin luther king shot in april
Robert F. Kennedy shot in june

Woodstock

august 15, 1969 - august 18, 1969

Three days of peace of music, during this slightly rainy weekend thirty two acts preformed in front of 500,000 concert goers.

Cold War

Un-American activites

1939 - 1958

originally established to seek out Nazis, was reactivated in the post war years to find communists

Defensive Policy

1947

public policy dealing with international security and the military

NationalSecurity Act

1947

centralized department of defense, creation of national security council, and creation of the central intelligence agency

Atomic weapons

1947

The start of hostility with USSR and the United States, atomic bomb

Joseph McCarthy

1947 - 1957

a republican senator from Wisconsin who was very anti-communist
became famous for "witch hunting"the communists
actors and military

Containment Policy

1947 - 1950

George Kennan, Containment: containing and preventing the spread of communism

Truman Doctrine

march 1947

400 million dollars to give to countries in aid and military to prevent the spread of communism to those countries, asia, africa, and latin america

Marshall Plan

June 1947

17 billion dollar European recovery program

Berlin Airlift

june 1948 - may 1949

Stalin blocked off entries to the people of east Germany, so Truman ordered planes to drop supplies to them

NATO

1949

a military defense act to protect western Europe

Rosenberg Case

1951 - 1953

a controversial trial about Russian spy's, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, they were found guilty for treason, for giving a-bomb secrets to the Russians, and executed in 19533

Sputnik

1957

America launched the first satellites into orbit, sputnik 1 and sputnik 2, around the earth

U-2 incident

1960

the Soviet military used a guided missile to shoot down an American U-2 spy plane over Soviet territory

Berlin Wall

1961 - 1989

a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany, was to keep citizens from escaping to the West.

Bay of Pigs invasion

1961

sponsored by the United States. Its purpose was to overthrow Cuban dictator Fidel Castro. it failed

Cuban Missle Crisis

1962

A confrontation that involved the U.S. and the Soviet Union, over missles in cuba. Kennedy set up a blockade around
Cuba until the missles were removed

escalation

1964

increase of military involvement in the Vietnam war

Tolkin Gulf Resolution

1964

Authorized President Johnson to commit US troops to south Vietnam and fight a war against north Vietnam

Vietnam

1964 - 1973

Some 2.7 million American troops served in Vietnam. The war was a hopeless effort to keep South Vietnam from falling to Communism.

Election of 1968

1968

Nixon [Republican] v. Humphrey [Democrat] Democrats fall apart after failure of Johnson in Vietnam, So Nixon won.

tet offensive

1968

The attack by Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces throughout South Vietnam

Vietnamization

1969 - 1973

policy of equipping and training of the south Vietnamese to fight for themselves

Salt 2

november 1972 - 1979

a long-term comprehensive Treaty providing broad limits on strategic offensive weapons systems.

End of the vietnam war

january 27 1973

The Paris Peace Accords ending the conflict were signed January 27, 1973, and were followed by the withdrawal of the remaining American troops.

Star Wars

March 23 1983

Popular name for Reagan's proposed space-based nuclear defense system, officially called the Strategic Defense Initiative

Glasnost

1985 - 1991

a Soviet policy permitting open discussion of political and social issues and freer dissemination of news and information

Perestroika

1985 - 1991

the policy of economic and governmental reform instituted by Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union during the mid-1980s

Gorbachev

March 11, 1985

became last general secretary of the soviet union

Eastern Europe

1989 - 1991

The revolutions of 1989, where revolutions over threw communist states

Tiananmen Square

June 4 1989

Chinese troops storm through Tiananmen Square in the center of Beijing, killing and arresting thousands of pro-democracy protesters