investigated status of civil rights in America and strengthened them
President Harry Truman made civil rights a national issue in 1947.
Jackie Robinson breaks baseball's color barrier.
Media stereotype of the beat generation
Supreme court ruled that separate schools for blacks and whites was unconstitutional.
African Americans boycotted buses in Montgomery, Alabama.
African American sat at white-only counters while they were refused service.
Voting Civil rights act during Eisenhower's presidency
Established federal inspection of local voter registration polls. Eisenhower
Student Nonviolent Coordinating committee. Civil rights group.
Warren Court left a legacy of judicial activism in the area of civil rights law as well as in the area of civil liberties—specifically, the rights of the accused as addressed in Amendments 4 through 8.
Ole Miss riot of 1962: fought between Southern segregationist civilians and federal and state forces as a result of the forced enrollment of black student James Meredith at the University of Mississippi.
Nonfiction book by Betty Friedan first published in 1963. It is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States.
Called for Civil and economic rights for African-Americans. MLK
Outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women.2 It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public (“public accommodations”).
Prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.
After a year is was decided by the court that indigent criminal defendants had a right to be provided counsel at trial.
Watt’s Riots, City riots
National legislation in the United States that outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.S.
Malcolm X was Assassinated
Court said that whatever a defendant says can not be used as evidence if he or she is not read their Miranda Rights. This case developed the Miranda rights.
Was founded in 1966 and the main goal was to try and get equal rights for women.
First African American justice to be apart of the Supreme Court.
Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in 1968.
A large music festival with all the hippies about equality
A proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal rights for women that failed to be passed.
Investigated disloyalty and subversive activities in organizations they thought had communist ties.
President Truman’s promise to help nations struggling against communist movements.
Us policy to stop expansion of Soviet Union and Communism.
Created the Department Defense, National Security Council, and Central Intelligence Agency.
A plan that the U.S. provided aid to all European nations that needed it.
Joint effort by the US and Britain to fly food and supplies into W Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city.
an international organization created by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security.
Claimed there were many communist supporters and spies in the United States and the federal government.
U.S. w/ U.N. helps S. Korea vs. N. Korea a & China
USA and USSR create atomic weaponry.
Truman dismissed General MacArthur.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg executed committing espionage during a time of war. Passed info about atomic bomb to Russia.
U.S.S.R. shot down a U.S. spy plane. U.S. secret tactics were revealed on obtaining information.
The Soviet Union sent into orbit Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite in history. Sputnik’s launch came as an unnerving surprise to the United States. The space age had dawned and America’s Cold War rival suddenly appeared technologically superior.
Germany was divided into West and East. The capital of Germany Berlin was also divided into West and East through the Berlin wall.
JFK approved the CIA to overthrow Fidel’s Castro’s regime in Cuba.
Russia was building missiles in Cuba to launch over to the U.S. Kennedy then announced that he setting up a naval blockade until the weapons were removed.
President Lyndon Johnson dispatched U.S. planes against the attackers (North Vietnamese) in the Gulf of Tonkin and got Congress to pass a resolution to support his actions.
Johnson authorized Operation Rolling Thunder, leading to over 184,000 U.S. troops in South Vietnam within one year. He continued gradually adding troops and by the end of 1967, the U.S. had over 485,000 troops in Vietnam.
North Vietnamese troops and Viet Cong forces attacked around 100 major cities and towns in South Vietnam, breaking the ceasefire that had been called for the Vietnamese holiday of Tet.
The Republican nominee, former Vice-President Richard Nixon, won the election over the Democratic nominee, Vice-President Hubert Humphrey. Nixon ran on a campaign that promised to restore law and order to the nation’s cities, torn by riots and crime.
President Richard Nixon introduced a new strategy called Vietnamization that was aimed at ending American involvement in the Vietnam War by transferring all military responsibilities to South Vietnam.
2nd round of talks between cold war super powers about armament control.
South Vietnam surrendered on April 30, 1975, following the fall of its capital.
Strategic Defense Initiative
policy that called for increased openness and transparency in government institutions and activities in the Soviet Union.
political movement for reform within the communist party
First and only president of the Soviet Union.
Known as the June 4th incident, protests in Beijing cased the Massacre of June 4th which the Chinese military fired upon civilians causing many casualties.