Civil Rights

Main

CIvil Rights

committee of civil rights

1946

Committee of Civil RIghts

1946

Truman Doctrine

1947

Help Greece and Turkey

Jackie Robinson

1947

integrated baseball
began integration of sports

Truman

1947

Executive order 9808 designed to investigate the status of civil rights in the country.

Brown vs board of education of Topeka

1954

Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 1, 1955 - December 20, 1956

Rosa Parks
Non-violent

The 1957 Civil Rights Act

09/09/1957

Eisenhower
voting rights
1st equal rights after reconstruction

Grenesboro sit-ins

02/01/1960 - 07/26/1960

North Carolina
non-violent protest
Joseph McNeil
Franklin McCain
Ezell Blair, Jr.
David Richmond

Election of 1960 results in Eisenhower winning.

April 1960 - 1969

SNCC

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

1961

Mapp v. Ohio
an organization that fought of civil rights in the south

The Supreme Courts ruling-unreasonable searches not be allowed in state courts.

1962

Mississippi

Alabama

1963

This was the poorest state of the time and prohibited blacks to vote.

the Feminine Mystique

1963

Many protests occurred for equal f=rights there; bombings in Birmingham.

March on Washington

August 28, 1963

People were covered if their crime involved debt

24th ammendment

1964

It prohibits both Congress and the states from conditoining the right to vote in federal elections on payments of a poll tax or other types of taxes.

Escobedo v. Illonois

1964

It upheld that criminal suspects held the right to council during police interrogation under the sixth amendment.

Riots

1965

Major riots for civil rights especially for African americans

Martin Luther King Jr

1968 - 1972

The largest political rally in history and MLK jr. did his “I Have A Dream Speech.”

Gave the ‘I Have a Dream’ and was assassinated on this date

Cold War

HUAC

1938 - 1969

House Un-American Activities Committee made to investigate private citizen communism

atomic bomb

august 1945

U.S. uses 1st atomic bomb

National security act

1947

Merged department of war and navy

Truman Doctrine

March 12 1947

Support Greece and Turkey economically and Militarily

Marshall Plan

April 1948 - 1952

Support European Nations after WWII to stop the spread of communism

Berlin Airlift

June 24 1948 - july 28 1948

Supplies needed to be brought in to the blocked off Berlin. U.S. made airlift plan so as to not alarm soviets

NATO

1949

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Joseph Maccarthy

1950

Made claims against many people being communists and spies

Korean War

1950 - 1953

U.S. w/ U.N. helps S. Korea vs. N. Korea a & China

Truman vs. MacArthur

April 11, 1951

MacArthur fired for wanting to use nuclear weapons on North korea

Rosenberg case

June 19, 1953

convicted of espionage during war time.Gave A bomb info to Sviet Union. put to death to

Vietnam

November 1, 1955 - April 30, 1975

This war (police action) was a war that united Vietnam under communism, a big win for the USSR

Sputnik

4 October 1957

!st artificial satellite; made by Soviet Union

U-2 Incident

May 1, 1960

America was forced to admit surveillance of USSR, causing embarrassment to the US

Bay of Pigs Invasion

April 17, 1961 - April 19, 1961

A group of rebels fought Castro forces in the Bay of Pigs in an attempt to overthrow Castro

Berlin Wall

August 13, 1961 - October 3, 1990

Berlin Wall separated East and West Berlin, and remained until the German Reunification

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14, 1962 - October 28, 1962

Closest the US and USSR came to Nuclear War (US went to DEFCON 2 for the only time)

Tonkin Gulf Resolution

August 7, 1964

Congress allowed Johnson to send forces to Southeast Asia without declaring war

Vietnamization

1968

Policy of Nixon’s presidency to arm the South Vietnamese forces and to withdraw the US from the war

Tet Offensive

January 30, 1968 - September 23, 1968

Series of attacks by North Vietnam against the South and US, but was met with failure

SALT II

1972 - 1979

Peace Talks between Soviets and the US centered around the reduction of the production of Strategic Nuclear weapons. Ended in reduction of delivery vehicles for nuclear payloads on both sides.

Fall of Saigon

April 30, 1975

Ended the war

Star Wars

1983 - 1994

A system of Defenses in space and on the ground that would provide homeland defense for the US. Proposed by Reagan, finished because of cost restraints and lack of scientific knowledge.

Gorbachev Elected

1985

A Dynamic reformer was elected to be the chairman of teh communist party on the USSR.

Glasnost

1985 - 1990

A system of openness that occured in the USSR towards the end of the 80’s

Eastern Europe

1989 - October 1990

Gorbachev withdrew soviet support of communists nations in eastern Europe. The Communists parties fell from power one by one culminating in East and west Germany reuniting in October of 1990

Tienanmen spuare

1989

Western libertarian broadcasts in China spurred student demonstrations in Beijing’s Tienanmen square. The protests were broken up by the peoples army when tanks rolled in and started killing hundreds of people.