Untitled timeline

Post World War II

Committee of civil rights

1946

The President’s Committee on Civil Rights was established by Executive Order 9808 on December 5, 1946. Its purpose was to propose measures to strengthen and protect the civil rights of the American people

President Truman

1947

Truman integrated the military

Integration of Baseball

1947

Jackie Robinson becomes the first Black to play in the white Major Leagues

Beatniks

1950 - 1960

The Beats tended to be essentially apolitical, but the hippies became actively engaged with the civil rights movement and the anti-war movements

Brown v. Board of Education

1954

the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional

Montgomery Bus Boycott

1955 - 1965

The Montgomery Bus Boycott officially started on December 1, 1955. That was the day when the blacks of Montgomery, Alabama, decided that they would boycott the city buses until they could sit anywhere they wanted, instead of being relegated to the back when a white boarded

Greensboror, NC

1957

Sit ins became more and more frequent

Eisenhower

1957

introduced during Eisenhower’s presidency,The 1957 Civil Rights Bill aimed to ensure that all African Americans could exercise their right to vote

SNCC

1960 - 1970

The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) was one of the organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. It emerged from a series of student meetings led by Ella Baker held at Shaw University in April 1960.

Eisenhower II

1960

The 1960 Civil Rights Act, introduced during Eisenhower presidency, penalties were to be levied against anybody who obstructed someone’s attempt to register to vote or someone’s attempt to actually vote

Mapp v. Ohio

1961

the United States Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment, which protects against “unreasonable searches and seizures,” may not be used in state law criminal prosecutions in state courts, as well, as had previously been the law, as in federal criminal law prosecutions in federal courts.

Mississipi

1962

Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals orders James Meredith admitted to the University of Mississippi

Congress abolished poll taxes in federal elections

Alabama

1963

The Birmingham campaign was a strategic movement organized by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to bring attention to the unequal treatment that black Americans endured in Birmingham, Alabama.

Gideon v. Wainright

1963

the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Fourteenth Amendment to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford to pay their own attorneys

March on Washington

1963

one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history 3 and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans. It took place in Washington, D.C. on Wednesday, August 28, 1963. Martin Luther King, Jr., standing in front of the Lincoln Memorial, delivered his historic “I Have a Dream” speech advocating racial harmony during the march

Cold War

Containment Policy

1947 - 1950

George Kennan, Containment: containing and preventing the spread of communism

Defensive Policy

1947

Public Policy dealing with international security and the military

Truman Doctrine

1947

400 million dollars to give to countries in aid and military to prevent te spread of communism to those countries. Asia, Africa, and Latin America

National Security Act

1947

Centralized department of defense, creation of nat security council, creation of the central intelligence agency

Atomic Weapons

1947

The start of hostility with USSR and the United States

Marshall Plan

June 1947

17 billion dollar European recovery program

Berlin Airlift

1948 - 1949

Stalin blocked off major trade entries to the people of east germany, had to use airplanes to get goods

NATO

1949

A military defense act to protect western europe

Korean War

1950 - 1953

Resulted in the result of political division of Korea.

Truman V. Macarthur

1951

Truman was determined to avoid direct conflict with China's new communist government and sought to negotiate with them when they became involved in the Korean War. MacArthur felt that the US should attack China.

U-2 incident

1960

the Soviet military used a guided missile to shoot down an American U-2 spy plane over Soviet territory

Bay of Pigs Invasion

1961

sponsored by the United States. Its purpose was to overthrow Cuban dictator Fidel Castro.

Berlin Wall

1961 - 1989

a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany, was to keep citizens from escaping to the West

Cuban Missle Crisis

1962

A confrontation that involved the U.S. and the Soviet Union, over missles in cuba. Kennedy set up a blockade around
Cuba until the missles were removed.

Tolkin Gulf Rsolution

1964

Authorized President Johnson to commit US troops to south Vietnam and fight a war against north Vietnam

Escalation

1964

The increase in military involvement

Vietnam

1964 - 1975

Some 2.7 million American troops served in Vietnam. The war was a hopeless effort to keep South Vietnam from falling to Communism.

Tet Offensive

1968

The attack by Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces throughout South Vietnam

Election of 1968

1968

Nixon [Republican] v. Humphrey [Democrat] Democrats fall apart after failure of Johnson in Vietnam, So Nixon won.

Vietnamization

1969 - 1973

policy of equipping and training of the south Vietnamese to fight for themselves

Salt 2

1972 - 1979

a long-term comprehensive Treaty providing broad limits on strategic offensive weapons systems.

End of the vietnam war

1973

The Paris Peace Accords ending the conflict were signed January 27, 1973, and were followed by the withdrawal of the remaining American troops.

Star Wars

1983

Popular name for Reagan’s proposed space-based nuclear defense system, officially called the Strategic Defense Initiative

Glasnost

1985 - 1991

a Soviet policy permitting open discussion of political and social issues and freer dissemination of news and information

Perestroika

1985 - 1991

the policy of economic and governmental reform instituted by Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union during the mid-1980s

Gorbachev

1985

became last general secretary of the soviet union

Eastern Europe

1989 - 1991

The revolutions of 1989, where revolutions over threw communist states