The President’s Committee on Civil Rights was established by Executive Order 9808 on December 5, 1946. Its purpose was to propose measures to strengthen and protect the civil rights of the American people
Truman integrated the military
Jackie Robinson becomes the first Black to play in the white Major Leagues
The Beats tended to be essentially apolitical, but the hippies became actively engaged with the civil rights movement and the anti-war movements
the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional
The Montgomery Bus Boycott officially started on December 1, 1955. That was the day when the blacks of Montgomery, Alabama, decided that they would boycott the city buses until they could sit anywhere they wanted, instead of being relegated to the back when a white boarded
Sit ins became more and more frequent
introduced during Eisenhower’s presidency,The 1957 Civil Rights Bill aimed to ensure that all African Americans could exercise their right to vote
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) was one of the organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. It emerged from a series of student meetings led by Ella Baker held at Shaw University in April 1960.
The 1960 Civil Rights Act, introduced during Eisenhower presidency, penalties were to be levied against anybody who obstructed someone’s attempt to register to vote or someone’s attempt to actually vote
the United States Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment, which protects against “unreasonable searches and seizures,” may not be used in state law criminal prosecutions in state courts, as well, as had previously been the law, as in federal criminal law prosecutions in federal courts.
Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals orders James Meredith admitted to the University of Mississippi
Congress abolished poll taxes in federal elections
The Birmingham campaign was a strategic movement organized by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to bring attention to the unequal treatment that black Americans endured in Birmingham, Alabama.
the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Fourteenth Amendment to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford to pay their own attorneys
one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history 3 and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans. It took place in Washington, D.C. on Wednesday, August 28, 1963. Martin Luther King, Jr., standing in front of the Lincoln Memorial, delivered his historic “I Have a Dream” speech advocating racial harmony during the march
George Kennan, Containment: containing and preventing the spread of communism
Public Policy dealing with international security and the military
400 million dollars to give to countries in aid and military to prevent te spread of communism to those countries. Asia, Africa, and Latin America
Centralized department of defense, creation of nat security council, creation of the central intelligence agency
The start of hostility with USSR and the United States
17 billion dollar European recovery program
Stalin blocked off major trade entries to the people of east germany, had to use airplanes to get goods
A military defense act to protect western europe
Resulted in the result of political division of Korea.
Truman was determined to avoid direct conflict with China's new communist government and sought to negotiate with them when they became involved in the Korean War. MacArthur felt that the US should attack China.
the Soviet military used a guided missile to shoot down an American U-2 spy plane over Soviet territory
sponsored by the United States. Its purpose was to overthrow Cuban dictator Fidel Castro.
a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany, was to keep citizens from escaping to the West
A confrontation that involved the U.S. and the Soviet Union, over missles in cuba. Kennedy set up a blockade around
Cuba until the missles were removed.
Authorized President Johnson to commit US troops to south Vietnam and fight a war against north Vietnam
The increase in military involvement
Some 2.7 million American troops served in Vietnam. The war was a hopeless effort to keep South Vietnam from falling to Communism.
The attack by Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces throughout South Vietnam
Nixon [Republican] v. Humphrey [Democrat] Democrats fall apart after failure of Johnson in Vietnam, So Nixon won.
policy of equipping and training of the south Vietnamese to fight for themselves
a long-term comprehensive Treaty providing broad limits on strategic offensive weapons systems.
The Paris Peace Accords ending the conflict were signed January 27, 1973, and were followed by the withdrawal of the remaining American troops.
Popular name for Reagan’s proposed space-based nuclear defense system, officially called the Strategic Defense Initiative
a Soviet policy permitting open discussion of political and social issues and freer dissemination of news and information
the policy of economic and governmental reform instituted by Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union during the mid-1980s
became last general secretary of the soviet union
The revolutions of 1989, where revolutions over threw communist states