Investigate civil rights and improve/protect them
Jackie Robinson was the first African American baseball player
U.S would support Turkey and Greece with economic and military aid
Beatnik was a media stereotype that displayed the more superficial aspects of the Beat Generation.
The supreme court from 1953-69, Earl Warren served as chief justice
the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional
African Americans decided that they would boycott the city buses until they could sit anywhere they wanted
Kick-started the civil rights legislative program that was to include the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act.
A series of nonviolent protests in 1960 which led to the Woolworth's department store chain reversing its policy of racial segregation in the Southern United States.
One of the organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s led by Ella Baker held at Shaw University.
The Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment, which protects against "unreasonable searches and seizures," may not be used in state law criminal prosecutions in state courts, as well as in federal criminal law prosecutions in federal courts.
Fought between Southern segregationist and federal and state forces as a result of the forced enrollment of black student, James, Meredith at the University of Mississippi.
Movement organized by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to bring attention to the unequal treatment to African Americans
A nonfiction book written by Betty Friedan which sparked the beginning of second-wave feminism
The Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Fourteenth Amendment to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who are unable to afford to pay their own attorneys, extending the identical requirement made on the federal government under the Sixth Amendment.
Largest political rally in history, rioted for jobs and freedom of African Americans.
Ended poll tax
Criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police interrogations under the Sixth Amendment
Outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women
Malcolm X was assassinated
Allowed African Americans to vote
Dedicated to help women's rights
The Supreme Court ruled that detained criminal suspects, prior to police questioning, must be informed of their constitutional right to an attorney and against self-incrimination.
Began Serving on the Supreme Court
Assassination of president Robert F. Kennedy
A music festival
Designed to protect the rights of women
reactivated to find Communists. Investigated government officials and looked for communist influence in organizations
US was the only nation to have an atomic bomb.
George Kannan; Stop the spread of communism
realigned and reorganized the U.S. Armed Forces, foreign policy, and Intelligence Community apparatus in the aftermath of World War II
States whether a country will help an “ally” or not
Gave economic and military aid to European countries
Gave economic support to help rebuild Europe after WWII
The US flew supplies into East Berlin because they were not being given a sufficient amount of supplies
Defensive Military Alliance
used concern of Communism in reelection campaign. Was favored by many but in 1954, televised hearing ruined his career
Truman administration’s tendency to see a Communist conspiracy behind civil wars in Europe and Asia contributed to the belief that there were also Communist conspirators and spies in the US State Department, the military, and all institutions
Rosenbergs found guilty of treason and executed for crime
MacArthur made public statements that suggested criticism of official US policy. Truman recalled MacArthur for insubordination
Americans favored MacArthur’s statement better than the president’s containment policy. Truman and Democrats were viewed by many as appeasers for not trying to destroy communism in Asia
-First artificial satellite
-Began Space Age and triggered the Space Race
-Soviet Union launched it into orbit
-US U-2 spy plane was shot down
-Plane was shot down over airspace of Soviet Union
-Unsuccessful invasion of Cuba by the US
-Trying to stop Communist roots from being placed in Cuba
-Cut off West Berlin from East Berlin
-Separated East and West Germany
-Berlin Airlift Crisis
-Confrontation with Soviet Union over supposed missiles in Cuba
-Missiles placed to stop US invasion
-Agreement that Soviet Union would remove missiles; US wouldn’t invade
Authorized President to do whatever necessary in order to assist "any member or protocol state of the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty"
Slowly added more troops to the war
"expand, equip, and train South Vietnam's forces and assign to them an ever-increasing combat role, at the same time steadily reducing the number of U.S. combat troops."
Campaign of surprise attacks that were launched against military and civilian command
Richard Nixon won over Hubert Humphrey; changed public opinion of the Vietnamese
A series of talks between United States and Soviet negotiators which sought to curtail the manufacture of strategic nuclear weapons.
an ambitious plan for building high-tech system of lasers and particle beams to destroy enemy missiles before they could reach the US
A political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Called for increased openness and transparency in government institutions and activities in the Soviet Union
Troops with assault rifles and tanks inflicted thousands of casualties on unarmed civilians trying to block the military’s advance on Tiananmen Square in the heart of Beijing