Russia expands its borders
1801 - 1914
Alexander I's rule
1801 - 1825
Modern Italy did not exist.
The Decembrist uprising fails.
Giuseppe Mazzini founds young Italy.
German states create Zollverein, or economic union.
Nationalists lead a republican revolution in Italy.
Hungarian nationalists declare Hungary an independent republic.
Victor Emmanuel II becomes king of Sardinia.
Count Camillo di Cavour dominated Sardinia’s control of ministers.
Count Camillo di Cavour met secretly with Napoleon III in France.
Austria was forced to give up Lombardy.
Austria was defeated by France and Sardinia.
Vitor Emmanuel II accepted territories into the kingdom.
Alexander II decrees the emancipation of the serfs.
William I becomes king of Prussia.
Otto von Bismarck defied the finance committee of the Prussian assembly.
King Christian IX declared Schleswig a Danish province.
Prussia and Austria forced Denmark out of the distributed provinces
Revolutionaries made several attempts to assassinate Alexander II.
Prussia and Austria fight the seven weeks war.
The North German Confederation.
Austria and Hungary form a dual monarchy.
War broke out between France and Prussia.
Reformers became active in a new movement known as populism.
Populist movement reaches out to peasants.
William I becomes emperor of a united Germany.
Otto von Bismarck expels Jesuits from Germany.
Nationalists in the Balkan states revolt against Turkey.
The social democratic party merges with Ferdinand Lassalle’s party.
Russia goes to war on behalf of the Slavic people in the Balkan Peninsula.
More seats were added to the center party.
Bulgaria is divided into three parts.
Congress of Berlin settles Russo-Turkish war.
The Treaty of San Stefano ends war.
German government provides health insurance to workers.
William II becomes emperor of Germany.
The Kaiser accepts Otto von Bismarck’s resignation.
Russia and Japan go to war.
Nicholas II issues the October Manifesto.
The Balkan League declares war on Turkey.
Bulgarians attack Greek and Serbs forces.
Treaty of Bucharest ends Balkan conflict.
The Treaty of Bucharest.