USA

The USA from 1776 until Present

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"Common Sense"

January 10, 1776

Published by Thomas Paine

Battle of Nassau

March 3, 1776 - March 4, 1776

Amphibious Landing of US Troops in Nassau, Bahamas.
First major action made by the Continental Navy of the USA

Second Continental Congress

July 2, 1776

Enacted Lee Resolution (Declared Independence)
Approved the written Declaration of Independence

USA

July 4, 1776 - Present

Independence declared from Great Britain and George III.

Battle of Long Island

August 27, 1776

First Major Battle of the Revolutionary War.
Largest Conflict.
Line Battle Tactic.
AKA Battle of Brooklyn or Brooklyn Heights

Staten Island Peace Conference

September 11, 1776

An early attempt to bring the Revolution to an end.
British: Admiral Lord Richard Howe,
Second Continental Congress: John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and Edward Rutledge.

Battle of Trenton

December 26, 1776

Washington attacked the day after Christmas, the small town of Trenton, New Jersey after having crossed the Delaware River.
Washington successfully attacked the Hessian troops who occupied the town.

Battle of Princeton

January 3, 1777

Vermont Republic

July 8, 1777 - March 4, 1791

Delegates in Vermont established the Vermont Republic and adopted the Constitution of Vermont (Vermont Republic), which abolished slavery.

Battle of Saratoga

September 19, 1777

The Battles of Saratoga (September 19 and October 7, 1777) conclusively decided the fate of British General John Burgoyne's army in the American War of Independence and are generally regarded as a turning point in the war. The battles were fought eighteen days apart on the same ground, 9 miles (14 km) south of Saratoga, New York.

Articles of Confederation

November 15, 1777

Ratified on March 1, 1781

The Articles of Confederation, formally the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, was an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution.

Valley Forge

December 19, 1777 - June 5, 1778

George Washington has the Continental Army set up winter quarters at Valley Forge.

Treaty of Alliance

February 6, 1778 - 1798

Signed between France and the USA.
Set to Expire in 1800.
Annulled by Congress in 1798 due to French Revolution.

Seige of Fort Charlotte

March 2, 1780 - March 14, 1780

Bombardment of Fort Charlotte: After a two-week siege, Spanish General Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid, Count of Gálvez captured Fort Charlotte, in Mobile, from the British.

Siege of Yorktown

September 28, 1781 - October 19, 1781

Siege of Yorktown: The British surrendered at Yorktown.

INDEPENDENCE

September 3, 1783

USA is officially recognized by the British and many other nations in Europe at he 1781 Treaty of Paris.

Free Republic of Frankland

1784 - 1789

A small 8 County Republic. Eventually annexed by force to North Carolina in 1789.

Shay's Rebellion

1786

Northwest Ordinance

1787

Constitution

1789

Constitution came into Effect

End of F.R. of Frankland

1789

North Carolina reconquered and annexed Frankland.

Election of '89

1789

George Washington Unanimously Elected.
1st President of the United States of America.

1st US Congress

1789

Judiciary Act of 1789

1789

Innauguration of Washington

April 30, 1789

First National Bank of the US

1791

Chartered

Bill of Rights

1791

Ratified

Election of '91

November 2, 1791 - December 5, 1791

Washington Re-elected

Cotton Gin

1793

Eli Whitney invented the Cotton Gin

Fugitive Slave Law

1793

Chisholm v. Georgia Decided

February 16, 1793

In 1792 in South Carolina, Alexander Chisholm, the executor of the estate of Robert Farquhar, attempted to sue the state of Georgia in the Supreme Court over payments due him for goods that Farquhar had supplied Georgia during the American Revolutionary War. United States Attorney General Edmund Randolph argued the case for the plaintiff before the Court. The defendant, Georgia, refused to appear, claiming that, as a "sovereign" state, it could not be sued without granting its consent to the suit.
Superseded by 11th Amendment.

Whiskey Rebellion

1794

Jay's Treaty

1795

Failed Treaty signed with Great Britain.

Eleventh Amendment

1795

The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.

Pickney's Treaty

1796

Treaty of Tripoli

1796

Ended Barbary Attacks on US Ships

Election of '96

November 4, 1796 - December 7, 1796

John Adams becomes 2nd President of the USA

Adams Inaugurated

1797

XYZ Affair

1797

Alien and Sedition Acts

1798

Fries' Rebellion

1799

Washington Died

March 4, 1799

Library of Congress Founded

1800

Election of 1800

October 31, 1800 - December 3, 1800

Jefferson Elected 3rd President

Marbury v. Madison

1801

Nullifies Judiciary Act of 1789

Marshall Becomes Chief Justice

1801

Adams Appoints John Marshall Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

Louisianna Purchase

1803

Bought from Napoleonic France

Twelfth Amendment

1804

Burr-Hamilton Duel

July 11, 1804

Burr fatally wounds Alexander Hamilton who later dies of his wounds.

Election of '04

November 2, 1804 - December 5, 1804

Jefferson Re-elected

Embargo of 1807

1807

Steamboat

1807

Robert Fulton invents the Steamboat.

Slave Trade Ends

1808

Election of '08

November 4, 1808 - December 7, 1808

James Madison elected as 4th President.

Madison Inaugurated

1809

Non-Intercourse Act

March 1, 1809

Fletcher v. Peck

1810

First Bank of the US (dead)

1811

Charter NOT renewed.

War of 1812

1812 - 1814

Mainly between Napoleon and Europe.
US fought Great Britain, Canadians, and their Native Allies.

Election of '12

1812

Madison re-elected.

Burning of Washington DC

August 24, 1814

Treaty of Ghent

December 14, 1814

Ended US involvement in the War of 1812

Battle of New Orleans

1815

City falls to the Americans.

Election of '16

1816

James Monroe Elected 5th President.

Second Bank of the US

1816

Chartered

Monroe Inaugurated

1817

Panic of 1819

1819

Adams-Onis Treaty

1819

US acquired Florida from Spain.

Dartmouth College v. Woodward

1819

Protected the principle of honoring contracts and charters.

McCulloch v. Maryland

1819

Prohibited state laws from infringing upon federal Constitutional authority.

Election of '20

1820

Monroe re-elected

Missouri Compromise

1820

Monroe Doctrine Proclaimed

1823

Election of '24

1824

No clear winner so House of Representatives chose in 1825.

Gibbons v. Ogden

1824

Affirmed federal over state authority in interstate commerce.

1825 Presidential Decision

1825

John Quincy Adams named 6th President.

Nullification Crisis

1828

Election of '28

1828

Jackson elected

Jackson Inaugurated

1829

Andrew Jackson Elected 7th President

Indian Removal Act

May 28, 1830

Mechanical Reaper

1831

Cyrus McCormick invented this

Nat Turner Revolt

1831

Calhoun Resigns

1832

Bank War

1832

Jackson vetoed the renewal of the Second National Bank of the US's Charter.

Election of '32

1832

Jackson re-elected

Worcester v. State of Georgia

1832

The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Cherokee Nation

Black Hawk War

1832