Criscuolo/Morely Law Project

Principles of Law imeline

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The Great Anthracite Coal Strike;

1902

147,000 coal worker went on strike over union recognition, because John Mitchell was trying to form a union with this coal company. The company refused to talk to him and Mitchell got the workers to go on strike

The Department of Labor and Commerce

1903

The Department of Labor and Commerce is created for congress.

United States Department of Labor

1913

United States Department of Labor was established by law

Clayton Anti-trust Act

1914

limits the use of injunctions in labor disputes that boycott and other union activities are not illegal conspiracies or trusts

Leadership of the Industrial Workers of the World

1918

Leadership of the Industrial Workers of the World sentenced to federal prison on charges of disloyalty to the United States.

The Great Steel Strike

1919 - 1920

The Great Steel Strike against U.S. Steel Corp. led by the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers. Starting in Chicago, it spread to 350,000 workers throughout Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia and lasted from September 1919 to January 1920.

Duplex Printing Press v. Deering

1921

The court case says that the Clayton Anti-trust Act does not protected unions from injunctions hold against them for conspiracy in constraint of trade

Railway Labor Act

1926

required employers to bargain collectively and not discriminate against their employees for joining a union

Davis-Bacon Act

1931

March 3, Davis-Bacon Act, providing for payment of prevailing wage rates to laborers and mechanics employed by contractors and subcontractors on public construction.

Wagner Act

1935

the act is also known as National Labor Relations Act which protected the rights of private sector worker

Social Security act

1935

The Social Security act is approved, which give old people benefits which you pay into from your pay check

Walsh-Healey Act

1936

safety standards, minimum wage, overtime pay and child labor standards on all federal contracts.

Fair Labor Standards Act

1938

June 25, Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA); established Wage and Hour Division in DOL.

Smith-Connally Act

1943

Congress passes the Smith-Connally Act to restrict labor bargaining and organizing.Criminal penalties for encouraging strikes, Presidential seizure of struck plants, prohibitions against union campaign contributions.

The Taft-Hartley Act

1947

extremely alter the Wagner Act of 1935 reducing rights of workers to organize labor unions.

Child Labor

1949

Child labor is finally prohibited through an amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act. Previous attempts had not been successful.

The American Federation of Labor merges

1955

merges with the Congress of Industrial Organizations, to form the AFL-CIO, the world's largest labor federation.

Steel Strike

1959

Longest steel strike in U.S. history, shut down 90% of US steel production for 116 days.

Equal Pay Act

1963

To prohibit discrimination against sex in the payment by employers