In Lawrence, Massachusetts the IWW leads a strike of 23,000 men, women and children to organize the Lawrence Textile Mills: The "Bread & Roses" Strike, hailed as the first successful multi-ethnic strike
Federal Department of Labor Established
The U.S Department of Labor as a cabinet-level agency, was established by President Taff
Pride At Work
Pride at Work, a national coalition of lesbian, gay bisexual and transgender workers and their supporters, becomes an AFL-CIO constituency group AFL-CIO membership renewed growth
Change To Win
The Service Employees International Union (SEIU), the Teamsters, and other activist unions leave the AFL-CIO to form a new labor coalition called Change to Win. The move represents a new emphasis on organizing workers to bring them into a labor movement starved for members.
Women of Labor
Important dates and events that were involved in women's labor laws
The International Ladies Garment Workers Union, calls a strike in New York demanding a higher percent pay raise and a 52 hour work week. This would be the biggest labor action by women in U.S history
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
A fire arises in a New York shirtwaist factory due to poor working contidions. The fire killed nearly 150 women becuase they were locked in for more production.
Equal Pay Act
The Equal Pay Act prohibits discrimination in wages on the basis of sex. The result: women's earnings will climb from 62% of men's in 1970 to 80% in 2004
The National Organization for Women (NOW) is founded by a group of feminists including Betty Friedan. The largest women's rights group in the U.S. NOW seeks to end sexual discrimination, especially in the workplace, by means of legislative lobbying, litigation, and public demonstrations
Equal Rights Amendment
The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) is passed by Congress and sent to the states for ratification. Originally drafted by Alice Paul in 1923, the amendment reads: "Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex." The amendment died in 1982 when it failed to achieve ratification by a minimum of 38 states.
Pregnant Discrimination Act
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act bans employment discrimination against pregnant women. Under the Act, a woman cannot be fired or denied a job or a promotion because she is or may become pregnant, nor can she be forced to take a pregnancy leave if she is willing and able to work.
Men of Labor
Important dates and events for men's labor laws
Western miners and other activists rally togethier at a convention in Chicgo to create the Industry Workers of the World
Railway Labor Act
Railway Labor Act sets up procedures to settle railway labor disputes and forbids discrimination against union members
Air Traffic Control Stirke Breaks
President Reagan breaks air traffic controllers’s strike AFL-CIO rallies 400,000 in Washington on Solidarity Day
Major League Baseball players strike. Team owners want to restore their own prerogatives by requiring a team to pay compensation to another when hiring a free agent. Players fight the move in a strike that wipes out almost 40% of the season before being settled by compromise in August, just in time to save the World Series from cancellation
Changes in labor laws caused by World War 1
World War 1
1917 - 1918
The U.S joined the Allies(Great Briatian, France, Italy, Russia, and Japan) during World War 1 against Germany, Austria, and Ottman Empire.
Post War Strike Wave
After WW1, more than 40,000 coal workers and 120,000 texile workers walk off the job, due to low pay becuase of inflation caused by the war
Changes in labor laws caused by World War 2
World War 2
1941 - 1946
The U.S joined World War 2 after Pearl Harper was bombed by Japan, (although we have been supplying Great Britain and France before we joined). We joined the war with France, Russia, and Great Britain against Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Post War Strike Wave
Workers strike to win wage increase due to war inflation, and the strike is the worst since 1919 WW1 stike wave.
Important court cases that delt with labor laws
Schultz v. Wheaton Glass Co
In Schultz v. Wheaton Glass Co., a U.S. Court of Appeals rules that jobs held by men and women need to be "substantially equal" but not "identical" to fall under the protection of the Equal Pay Act. An employer cannot, for example, change the job titles of women workers in order to pay them less than men
Corning Glass Works v. Brennan
In Corning Glass Works v. Brennan, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that employers cannot justify paying women lower wages because that is what they traditionally received under the "going market rate." A wage differential occurring "simply because men would not work at the low rates paid women" is unacceptable.
Ricci v. DeStefano
New Haven Firefighters sued the city because they were unfairly looked over for a promotion. The US Supreme Court ruled that the city must give the guys who deserved the promotion it.
WalMart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes
women employees sued Walmart over punitive damages, and back pay, on behalf of themselves and a nationwide class of some 1.5 million female employees