Johnson/Furtak Law Project

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Labor Unions Formed

1881

Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions formed

The American Federation of Laborers

1886

The American Federation of Labor was founded by Samuel Gompers in 1886

Rerum Novarum

1891

written by Pope Leo XIII the Pope spoke of issues of the times including labor laws,minimum wage,work hours,and child labor laws

Erdman Act

1898

Erdman Act prohibits discrimination against railroad workers because of union membership and provides for mediation of railway labor disputes

Triangle Shirtwaist Co.

1911

A state factory investigation committee headed by Frances Perkins (she was to become Franklin Roosevelt's secretary of labor in 1933, the first woman cabinet member in history) paved the way for many long needed reforms in industrial safety and fire prevention measures. after fire killed approximately 150 people all young women mostly

Clayton Act

1914

the Clayton Act of 1914 made explicit the legal concept that "the labor of a human being is not a commodity or article of commerce"

Davis-Bacon Act

1931

Davis-Bacon Act provides for prevailing wages on publicly funded construction projects

Norris-Laguardia Act

1932

Norris-LaGuardia Act prohibits federal injunctions in most labor disputes

The New Deal

1933

President Franklin Roosevelt proposes New Deal programs to Congress

Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO)

november 1935

In November 1935, John L. Lewis announced the creation of the CIO, the Committee for Industrial Organization, composed of about a dozen leaders of AFL unions, to carry on the effort for industrial unionism.

West Coast Hotel v. Parrish

1937

officially sets up a set minimum wage in America

Fair Labor Standards Act

1938

Fair Labor Standards Act establishes first minimum wage and 40-hour week Congress of industrial Organizations forms as an independent federation also puts regulations on child labor

CIO political action committee

1943

CIO forms first political action committee to get out the union vote for President Roosevelt

AFL and CIO Merge

1955

George meany becomes president of the AFL.

Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act

1959

"Providing standards for the reporting and disclosure of certain financial transactions and administrative practices of labor organizations and employers; the protection of union funds and assets; the administration of trusteeships by labor organizations; and the election of officers of labor organizations. The Act also guarantees certain rights to all union members,"(www.dol.gov). This act was passed.

Collective Bargaining

1962

John F Kennedy gives federal orders the right to bargain.

March on Washington

1963

The Justice Equal Pay Act banned wage discrimination based on gender.

Civil Rights Act

1964

This banned institutional forms of racial discrimination.

United Farm Workers Organizing Committee

1965

Cesar Chavez wins legal rights to protect farmers from certain work conditions (e.g. little water, long hours with less pay, nowhere to use the bathroom).

Occupational Safety and Health Act

1970

"Congress passed the Occupational and Safety Health Act to ensure worker and workplace safety. Their goal was to make sure employers provide their workers a place of employment free from recognized hazards to safety and health, such as exposure to toxic chemicals, excessive noise levels, mechanical dangers, heat or cold stress, or unsanitary conditions,"(www.epa.gov)

Lane Kirkland

1979

Lane Kirkland becomes president of AFL CIO

Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance

1992

This was an alliance created within the AFL CIO. It addresses the workplace issues of 660.000 APA union members.

The Protest of Free Trade Areas of the Americas

April 2001

"(April) 40,000 union activists and allies protest the Free Trade Area of the Americas in Quebec City, Canada, the largest anti-globalization mobilization to date," (www.aflcio.org)

United Steel Workers

July 2008

"(July) The United Steel Workers union (USW) joins with unions in Britain, Ireland, Canada, and the Caribbean to form the global union, Workers Uniting," (www.aflcio.org)