Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions formed
The American Federation of Labor was founded by Samuel Gompers in 1886
written by Pope Leo XIII the Pope spoke of issues of the times including labor laws,minimum wage,work hours,and child labor laws
Erdman Act prohibits discrimination against railroad workers because of union membership and provides for mediation of railway labor disputes
A state factory investigation committee headed by Frances Perkins (she was to become Franklin Roosevelt's secretary of labor in 1933, the first woman cabinet member in history) paved the way for many long needed reforms in industrial safety and fire prevention measures. after fire killed approximately 150 people all young women mostly
the Clayton Act of 1914 made explicit the legal concept that "the labor of a human being is not a commodity or article of commerce"
Davis-Bacon Act provides for prevailing wages on publicly funded construction projects
Norris-LaGuardia Act prohibits federal injunctions in most labor disputes
President Franklin Roosevelt proposes New Deal programs to Congress
In November 1935, John L. Lewis announced the creation of the CIO, the Committee for Industrial Organization, composed of about a dozen leaders of AFL unions, to carry on the effort for industrial unionism.
officially sets up a set minimum wage in America
Fair Labor Standards Act establishes first minimum wage and 40-hour week Congress of industrial Organizations forms as an independent federation also puts regulations on child labor
CIO forms first political action committee to get out the union vote for President Roosevelt
George meany becomes president of the AFL.
"Providing standards for the reporting and disclosure of certain financial transactions and administrative practices of labor organizations and employers; the protection of union funds and assets; the administration of trusteeships by labor organizations; and the election of officers of labor organizations. The Act also guarantees certain rights to all union members,"(www.dol.gov). This act was passed.
John F Kennedy gives federal orders the right to bargain.
The Justice Equal Pay Act banned wage discrimination based on gender.
This banned institutional forms of racial discrimination.
Cesar Chavez wins legal rights to protect farmers from certain work conditions (e.g. little water, long hours with less pay, nowhere to use the bathroom).
"Congress passed the Occupational and Safety Health Act to ensure worker and workplace safety. Their goal was to make sure employers provide their workers a place of employment free from recognized hazards to safety and health, such as exposure to toxic chemicals, excessive noise levels, mechanical dangers, heat or cold stress, or unsanitary conditions,"(www.epa.gov)
Lane Kirkland becomes president of AFL CIO
This was an alliance created within the AFL CIO. It addresses the workplace issues of 660.000 APA union members.
"(April) 40,000 union activists and allies protest the Free Trade Area of the Americas in Quebec City, Canada, the largest anti-globalization mobilization to date," (www.aflcio.org)
"(July) The United Steel Workers union (USW) joins with unions in Britain, Ireland, Canada, and the Caribbean to form the global union, Workers Uniting," (www.aflcio.org)