Manacchio/Thibault law project

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The Great Anthracite Coal Strike

May 12, 1902

147,000 miners strike over union recognition. President Roosevelt mediated the strike.

The Department of Labor and Commerce

1903

This was created by an act of Congress and the secretary is made a member of the President's cabinet

Industrial Workers of the World

1905

In Chicago, Bill Haywood and Eugene Debs found this group to bring all American workers into 'One Big Union".

Mining Disaster

1907

This is the nation's worst mining disaster and happened in West Virginia. 361 coal miners known dead.

U.S vs. Adair

1908

U.S Supreme Court struck down section ten of the Erdman Act of 1898.

Triangle Waist Co. Fire

March 25, 1911

Occurred in New York and resulted in the death of 146 workers.

U.S.D.L

1913

The United States Department of Labor was established by law.

Clayton Anti-trust Act

1914

Described as "Labor's Magna Carta." This limits the use of injunctions in labor disputes and providing that picketing and other union activities are not illegal conspiracies or trusts.

Great Steel Strike

1919

Against the U.S steel corporations led by the Amalgamated Association of Iron. Steel and iron workers spread throughout the east coast into 4 different states.

Railroad Strike

July 1, 1922

A nationwide railroad strike of 400,000 shop workers was caused by the Railroad Labor Board's wage cut. The railroads hired strikebreakers, increasing hostilities between the railroads and striking workers. On September 1 federal judge James H. Wilkerson issued a sweeping injunction against striking, assembling, picketing, and a variety of other union activities, colloquially known as the "Daugherty Injunction."

Davis-Bacon Act

March 3 1931

Provided for payments of prevailing wage rates to laborers and mechanics employed by contractors and subcontractors.

National Labor Relations

July 5, 1935

Also known as the Wagner Act, this established the National Labor Relations Board.

Social Security

August 14, 1935

Social Security Act is approved.

Fair Labor Standards Act

June 25, 1938

This act established Wage and Hour Division in the DOL.

The Taft-Hartley Act

June 23 1947

Passed over Truman's former veto. It amended the Wagner Act of 1935 reducing rights of workers to organize labor unions

Child Labor

1949

Child labor is finally prohibited through an amendment to the FLSA. Previous attempts had not been successful.

World's Largest Labor Federation

1955

The American Federation of Labor merges with the Congress of Industrial Organizations, to form the AFL-CIO.

Steel Strike

July 15 1959 - November 7 1959

Longest steel strike in U.S. history, shut down 90% of US steel production for 116 days.

Civil Rights Act

July 2, 1964

Signed by President Johnson. Title VII bans discrimination in the workplace.

Age Discrimination

December 15, 1967

Age Discrimination in Employment Act is signed. Makes it illegal to discriminate against people 40-65 years old.

Retirement

September 2, 1974

Employee Retirement Income Security Act is passed.

Pittston Coal Group

1989

The United Mine Workers of America wildcat strike against Pittston Coal Group involving up to 50,000 miners in 11 states.

HERE

March 3 1990 - March 24 1990

7500 Hotel workers and members strike 11 major hotels to protect their pension benefits.

Baseball Strike

1994

The longest players' strike in sports history (232 days) is conducted by the Major League Players Association against team owners.

UPS Strike

Aug 18, 1997

In a big win for their members and all of organized labor, the Teamsters reach a new five-year agreement with United Parcel Service (UPS) on Aug. 18, ending a two-week strike over abuse of part-time workers and health care for retirees.

Teacher strike

April 5 2001

13,000 teachers in Hawaii shut down all public education in the State in the nation's first state-wide education strike.

Safeway

2004

70,000 Southern California grocery workers strike to protect their health benefits.