Untitled timeline

Main

Triangle Slave Trade

1016 - 1019

Triangular trade, or triangle trade, is a historical term indicating trade among three ports or regions. Triangular trade usually evolves when a region has export commodities that are not required in the region from which its major imports come. Triangular trade thus provides a method for rectifying trade imbalances between the above regions.

Port Royal

1518

Port Royal was a city located at the end of the Palisadoes at the mouth of the Kingston Harbour, in southeastern Jamaica. Founded in 1518, it was the centre of shipping commerce in the Caribbean Sea during the latter half of the 17th century.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape was the first European settlement inside what is now United States territory, founded by Spaniard Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón in 1526.[1] It was to last only three months of winter before being abandoned in early 1527.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1600 - 1700

The original 13 colonies were divided into the New England, Middle and Southern regions. Each one prospered by trade in the colonies. The different products used for trade in the colonies are described in this article.

Yemassee War

1600 - 1700

The Yamasee Indians were part of the Muskhogean language group. Their traditional homelands lay in present-day northern Florida and southern Georgia. The advent of the Spanish in the late 16th century forced the Yamasee to migrate north into what would become South Carolina. Relations between the tribe and English settlers in that region were generally positive during the latter half of the 17th century.

Proprietary Colony

1600

This type of colonial government, based on the County Palatine and resembling feudal grants of fiefs in exchange for service more than the modern concept of state sovereignty, was used by England's colonization along the Atlantic coasts of North America and the Caribbean.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

The Thirteen Colonies were some of the colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America founded between 1607 (Virginia) and 1733 (Georgia) by a variety of interests from England and later Great Britain. They are best known as the founding political entities of the United States of America.

Mercantilism

1637

Mercantilism in its simplest form was naive bullionism, but mercantilist writers emphasized the circulation of money and rejected hoarding. Their emphasis on monetary metals accords with current ideas regarding the money supply, such as the stimulative effect of a growing money supply.

Royal Colony

1712 - 1728

North Carolina became a separate colony in 1712. Its government did not work well, however. Governors were not able to improve the colony. King George II decided to take control in 1729.In the 1730s, people from the Scottish Highlands began a rebellion against Britain. The Highland Scots were unhappy with British rule. Many of them left Scotland and settled in North Carolina. They wanted better lives.

Slave Codes

1712

Slaves did not accept their fate without protest. Many instances of REBELLION were known to Americans, even in colonial times.

Stono Rebellion

9 September 1739 - 1740

The Stono Rebellion (sometimes called Cato's Conspiracy or Cato's Rebellion) was a slave rebellion that commenced on 9 September 1739, in the colony of South Carolina. It was the largest slave uprising in the British mainland colonies prior to the American Revolution.[1]

French and Indian War

1756 - 1763

The final Colonial War (1689-1763) was the French and Indian War, which is the name given to the American theater of a massive conflict involving Austria, England, France, Great Britain, Prussia

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

In the early of 1776 a combination was entered into by the Tories and Indians for a general massacre of the Whigs residing along the frontiers from North Carolina to Georgia. The Tories set up peeled poles at their houses, around which white cloth was wrapped. These were called passovers.

Sugar Act

1764

On April 5, 1764, Parliament passed a modified version of the Sugar and Molasses Act (1733), which was about to expire. Under the Molasses Act colonial merchants had been required to pay a tax of six pence per gallon on the importation of foreign molasses. But because of corruption, they mostly evaded the taxes and undercut the intention of the tax — that the English product would be cheaper than that from the French West Indies.

Stamp Act

1765

On February 6th, 1765 George Grenville rose in Parliament to offer the fifty-five resolutions of his Stamp Bill. A motion was offered to first read petitions from the Virginia colony and others was denied. The bill was passed on February 17, approved by the Lords on March 8th, and two weeks later ordered in effect by the King.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1768

ON AUGUST 14, 1765—exactly four years before the creation of this document—violence broke out in colonial Boston. Over the course of that day and several ensuing days, rioters attacked several buildings in the city, including the homes of colonial officials.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1767 - July 1822

Denmark Vesey was executed on 2 July 1822 after being accused of planning a slave rebellion against slaveowners and other whites in Charleston, South Carolina.

Regulator Movement

1767 - 1771

Regulator movement, designation for two groups, one in South Carolina, the other in North Carolina, that tried to effect governmental changes in the 1760s. In South Carolina, the Regulator movement was an organized effort by backcountry settlers to restore law and order and establish institutions of local government. Plagued by roving bands of outlaws and angered by the assembly's failure to provide the western counties with courts and petty officers, the leading planters, supported by small farmers, created (1767) an association to regulate backcountry affairs. They brought criminals to justice and set up courts to resolve legal disputes.

Tea Act

1773

The Tea Act, passed by Parliament on May 10, 1773, would launch the final spark to the revolutionary movement in Boston. The act was not intended to raise revenue in the American colonies, and in fact imposed no new taxes. It was designed to prop up the East India Company which was floundering financially and burdened with eighteen million pounds of unsold tea.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The American Revolution (1775-83) is also known as the American Revolutionary War and the U.S. War of Independence. The conflict arose from growing tensions between residents of Great Britain's 13 North American colonies and the colonial government, which represented the British crown.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

Whereas the constitution or form of government agreed to and resolved upon by the freemen of this country, met in congress, the twenty-sixth day of March, one thousand seven hundred and: seventy-six,

Declaration of Independence

1776

Drafted by Thomas Jefferson between June 11 and June 28, 1776, the Declaration of Independence is at once the nation's most cherished symbol of liberty and Jefferson's most enduring monument. Here, in exalted and unforgettable phrases, Jefferson expressed the convictions in the minds and hearts of the American people.

Battle of Camden

1780

The British regulars wore red coats and as headgear, the bearskin mitre cap for grenadiers, leather caps for light infantry and cocked three cornered hats for battalion companies.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

The soldiers in these opposing forces were “irregulars” and as such dressed as they felt inclined. The many Revolutionaries from the frontier areas would have dressed as for a hunting expedition

Battle of Cowpens

1781

January 17, 1781, took place in the latter part of the Southern Campaign of the American Revolution and of the Revolution itself.

Articles of Confederation

1781

Throwing off the British monarchy on July 4, 1776, left the United States with no central government. It had to design and install a new government–and quickly

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

Having won a bloody victory over American forces at the Battle of Guilford Court House in March 1781, Lieutenant General Lord Charles Cornwallis elected to turn east for Wilmington, NC as his army was short on supplies. Assessing the strategic situation, Cornwallis later decided to march north into Virginia as he believed the Carolinas could only be pacified after subjugating the more northern colony.

3/5 Compromise

1787 - 1790

The Constitution was a document based upon compromise: between larger and smaller states, between proponents of a strong central government and those who favored strong state governments, and, above all, between northern and southern states.

Commerce Compromise

1787

Fifty-five delegates met at the constitutional convention in Philadelphia in 1787. The delegates were charged with the task of amending the Articles of Confederation.

Great Compromise

1787 - 1800

July 16, 1987, began with a light breeze, a cloudless sky, and a spirit of celebration. On that day, two hundred senators and representatives boarded a special train for a journey to Philadelphia to celebrate a singular congressional anniversary.

Constitution

May 14, 1787 - May 25

The Federal Convention convened in the State House (Independence Hall) in Philadelphia on May 14, 1787, to revise the Articles of Confederation. Because the delegations from only two states were at first present, the members adjourned from day to day until a quorum of seven states was obtained on May 25.

Eastern Woodland Indians

1790 - 1830

The Eastern Woodland Indians are Native Americans that inhabit the eastern part of the United States. In some cases, this group of Indians has been known to live in northwestern states such as Tennessee and Kentucky. The lifestyle of this tribe is similar to the life of other Indians.

Cotton Gin

1793

Eli Whitney was the inventor of the cotton gin and a pioneer in the mass production of cotton. Whitney was born in Westboro, Massachusetts on December 8, 1765 and died on January 8, 1825. He graduated from Yale College in 1792. By April 1793, Whitney had designed and constructed the cotton gin, a machine that automated the separation of cottonseed from the short-staple cotton fiber.

Embargo Act

Dec. 22, 1807

Thomas Jefferson’s nonviolent resistance to British and French molestation of U.S. merchant ships carrying, or suspected of carrying, war materials and other cargoes to the European belligerents.

War of 1812

1812

In the War of 1812, the United States took on the greatest naval power in the world, Great Britain, in a conflict that would have an immense impact on the young country's future.

William T. Sherman

February 8, 1820 - February 14, 1820

William Tecumseh Sherman was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

The goal of the abolitionist movement was the immediate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

The nullification controversy of 1832 was a major milestone in the national debate over federal versus state authority.

Robert Smalls

April 5, 1839 - February 23, 1915

Robert Smalls was an enslaved African American who, during and after the American Civil War, became a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

The KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT OF 1854 may have been the single most significant event leading to the Civil War. By the early 1850s settlers and entrepreneurs wanted to move into the area now known as Nebraska. However, until the area was organized as a territory, settlers would not move there because they could not legally hold a claim on the land.

Dred Scott Decision

March 6, 1857

In March of 1857, the United States Supreme Court, led by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, declared that all blacks -- slaves as well as free -- were not and could never become citizens of the United States.

Election of 1860

1860

The Democrats met in Charleston, South Carolina, in April 1860 to select their candidate for President in the upcoming election. It was turmoil.

Secessionist

1860 - 1861

The withdrawal in 1860--61 of 11 Southern states from the Union to form the Confederacy, precipitating the American Civil War.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1860 - 1861

During the American Civil War, the Confederate States of America consisted of the governments of 11 Southern states that seceded from the Union in 1860-61, carrying on all the affairs of a separate government and conducting a major war until defeated in the spring of 1865.

Civil War

1861

When Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president, the South Carolina legislature perceived a threat. Calling a state convention, the delegates voted to remove the state of South Carolina from the union known as the United States of America.

Ft Sumter

1861

Decades of growing strife between North and South erupted in civil war on April 12, 1861, when Confederate artillery opened fire on this Federal fort in Charleston Harbor.

Lincoln’s assassination

April 14, 1865

The assassination of United States President Abraham Lincoln took place on Good Friday,[1] April 14, 1865, as the American Civil War was drawing to a close.

“Total War”

1935

The phrase can be traced back to the 1935 publication of General Ludendorff’s World War I memoir Der Totale Krieg ("The Total War").

Plantation System

1979

In order to clarify the issue of the plantation system, a brief definition of the term plantation will be given, as well as its origin will be explained that refers to the South as a whole, not only to the State Mississippi.

Cotton Trade

Mar 9, 2007

Mar 9, 2007 – Cotton accounts for about 40 percent of total world fiber production. While some 80 countries from around the globe produce cotton.