South Carolina's history

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1800 BC - 1800 AD

The Eastern Woodland Indians are native Americans that live in the eastern part of the United States. At ahem live in log homes homes and hunt and grow their own crops.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape was the first European settlement inside now the United States territory, founded by Lucas Vazquez de ayllon.

Plantation System

1588 - 1889

In the 17th century Europeans began to establish settlements in the Americas. The division of the land into smaller units under private ownership became known as the plantation system.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1776

The thirteen colonies were on the Atlantic coast of North America founded by Virginia and Georgia. The 13 colonies were Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, North Carolina, New York, and Rhode Island.

slave codes

1650 - 1724

Slave codes were laws in each US state, which defined the status of slaves and the rights of masters. These codes gave slave-owners absolute power over the African slaves.

Proprietary colony

1660 - 1690

A colony ran by one or more private land owners that retain the rights.

The rice and indigo trade

1680 - 1740

The indigo and rice trade was an increase in rice and indigo. growing rice and indigo was very profitable.

Cotton Trade

1700 - 2013

the cotton trade was the largest crop of the slavery era and is still grown in SC today.

merchantilism

1700 - 1800

Merchantilism is an economic system that destroyed the European tradinng nations.

Triangle slave trade

1700 - 1879

The triangle slave trade is a trade among three ports or regions. triangular trade provides a method for trade imbalances between the regions.

Yemassee war

1715 - 1717

The Yemasse war was a conflict between the British settlers and the Indian tribes. The location of this battle is South Carolina.

Royal colony

1729 - 1740

The royal colony was when owners of the land had the right to handle the way a government would handle a country.

Stono rebellion

1739 - 1740

The stono rebellion was a slave rebellion. It was the largest slave uprising.

French and Indian war

1754 - 1763

The French and Indian war was a conflict between the British and France.

Cherokee war

1758 - 1761

The war was a conflict between British forces in North America and Cherokee Indian tribes.

Sugar act

1764 - 1766

The sugar act was a law that attempted to curb smuggling of sugar in the ecolonies by reducing the tax rate.

stamp act

1765 - 1766

stamp act is a law enacted by government that requires a tax to be paid on the transfer of certain documents. The stamp act was considered unfair by many people.

sons of liberty

1765 - 1784

Secret organization of American colonists formed initially to protest the Stamp Act. The idea found success in many colonies, after the initial organizations in Boston and New York. Supported American independence.

Regular movement

1765 - 1771

The regular movement was a designation for two groups, SC and NC. Both groups would make laws and orders to establish a local government.

tea act

1772 - 1773

to evade the tea tax, merchants in Boston bought tea smuggled into the colonies.

3/5 Compromise

1773 - 1783

The three-fiths compromise was a agreement between southern and northern states that said three-fiths of the population of slaves would be counted for the purpose of taxes and representation in the government.

revolutionary war

1775 - 1783

he American Revolutionary War or American War of Independence began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies in North America, and concluded in a global war between several European great powers.

Constitution

1776 - 1778

The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America. The first three Articles of the Constitution establish the rules and separate powers of the three branches of the federal government: a legislature, the bicameral Congress; an executive branch led by the President.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776 - 1778

the first change of the south carolina constitution.

Articles of Confederation

1776 - 1777

The article of confederation was an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the united states of america as a confederation of sovereighn states and served the first constitution.

declaration of independance

1776 - 1777

The Declaration of Independence was a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire. Instead they now formed a new nation--the United States of America. John Adams was a leader in pushing for independence.

battle of kings mountain

1780 - 1781

the battle of kings mountain was a patriots victory.

battle of camden

1780 - 1781

The battle of camden was a major victory for the British in the revolutionary war.

Battle of Eutaw springs

1781 - 1782

The battle of eutaw springs was the last battle of the american revolutionary war in the carolinas.

battle of cowpens

1781 - 1782

The batte of cowpens was an american victory.

Great Compromise

1787 - 1790

a bicameral system of the house and senate.

Commerce Compromise

1787 - 1788

The commerce compromise is when the constitution allows the federal government to tax imports.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1791 - 1792

A plan created by vesey where slaves were going to revolt against their masters.

Cotton Gin

1793 - 2013

a machine that seperates the seeds from raw cotton fibers gin.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

The embargo act was a law by the united states congress against great britain and france.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The war of 1812 lasted 32 months and was between the americans and the british.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

William Tecumseh Sherman was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Nullification Controversy

1828 - 1832

The Nullification Crisis was a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolina's 1832 Ordinance of Nullification.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

From the 1830s until 1870, the abolitionist movement attempted to achieve immediate freedom of all slaves and the ending of racial segregation and discrimination.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls was an enslaved African American who, during and after the American Civil War, became a sea captain and a politician.

dread scott desicion

1847 - 1857

One of the most important cases ever tried in the United States was heard in St. Louis' Old Courthouse. The two trials of Dred Scott were the beginning of a complicated series of events which concluded with a U.S. Supreme Court decision in 1857

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854 - 1856

The Kansas-Nebrask Act was an 1854 bill that allowed settlers of a territory to decide whether slavery would be allowed within a new state's borders

Election of 1860

1860 - 1861

The United States had been divided during the 1850s on questions surrounding the expansion of slavery and the rights of slave owners. In 1860, these issues broke the Democratic Party into Northern and Southern factions.

Secessionist

1861 - 1862

The policy of those maintaining the right of secession.

Ft Sumter

1861 - 1862

Fort Sumter is a Third System masonry sea fort located in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. The fort is best known as the site upon which the shots initiating the American Civil War were fired, at the Battle of Fort Sumter.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

The Confederate States of America (CSA), also known as the Confederacy, was a government set up from 1861 to 1865 by a number of Southern slave states that had declared their secession from the United States.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The American Civil War, also known as the War between the States or simply the Civil War, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 between the United States and several Southern slave states that had declared their secession and formed the Confederate States of America. The war had its origin in the fractious issue of slavery, and, after four years of bloody combat (mostly in the South), the Confederacy was defeated, slavery was abolished, and the difficult Reconstruction process of restoring unity and guaranteeing rights to the freed slaves began.

Port Royal

1862 - 1863

The Battle of Port Royal was one of the earliest amphibious operations of the American Civil War, in which a United States Navy fleet and United States Army force captured Port Royal Sound, South Carolina, between Savannah, Georgia and Charleston, South Carolina.

Lincoln’s assassination

1865 - 1866

The assassination occurred five days after the commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, General Robert E. Lee, surrendered to Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant and the Union Army. Lincoln was the first American president to be assassinated.

“Total War”

1914 - 1918

the mid-19th century, "total war" was identified by scholars as a separate class of warfare.