Midterm Interactive Timeline

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Eastern Woodland Indians

800 BC - 800 AD

1) diet consists of deer meat, bear, beaver, moose, and bison and corn, beans, and squash, they would also hunt smaller meals like rabbit, squirrel, geese and oyster.
2) tribe was one of the first to use animals to help them. They used dogs and wolves to scare the meal and then they would shoot them.

Triangle Slave Trade

1440 - 1640

1) first European slave traders were from Portugal.
2) The little country of Portugal built the first European fort in Africa in 1481. This was called Fort Elmina.
3) This was when people would steal people from Africa and make them come back to America in tightly packed ships with no food for weeks.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1475 - 1526

1) first European colony in what is now America.
2) The colony was not a successful colony at all it only lasted for 3 months during the winter.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1750

1) the eastern-coast of now what’s known as America.
There were three groups of colonies and they are: The New England Colonies : Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire
The Middle Colonies : Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey
The Southern Colonies: Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia
The reasons they left their home was because they wanted to be free and to have a better life kind of like a start over in their life.

Mercantilism

1651 - 1673

1) economic nationalism for the purpose building a wealthy and powerful state.The period 1500–1800 was one of religious and commercial wars, and large revenues were needed to maintain armies and pay the growing costs of civil government.

Proprietary Colony

1660 - 1690

Any of certain early North American colonies, such as Carolina and Pennsylvania, organized in the 17th century in territories granted by the English Crown to one or more proprietors who had full governing rights.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1685 - 1741

1) 1660 the government began to regulate trade with the colonies. The close regulation of trade for the benefit of the states.Rice was planted in 1670 on the experimental farm at Albemarle Point but had not grown very well. Many Carolina planters did not own land where rice could grow. But indigo could grow almost anywhere in the warm Carolina climate. Indigo plants produced a blue dye that brought a high price in Europe.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

The Fighters killed hundreds of colonists and destroyed many settlements. the first year of the war the Yamasee lost about a quarter of their population, either killed or enslaved. The survivors moved south to the Altamaha River, a region that had been their homeland in the 17th century

Stono Rebellion

1739 - 1740

Stono’s rebellion was only one among the 250 rebellions documented in the Colonies and later in the southern United States. 20 black slaves met in secret near the Stono River in South Carolina to plan their escape to freedom.

Slave Codes

1740 - 1860

Slave codes were laws that were passed in states in the South. The laws tried to keep slaves from running away or fighting back. Each state had different laws, but all of the laws had parts that were the same.

Royal Colony

1752 - 1776

A Royal colony was ruled or administered by officials appointed by and responsible to the reigning sovereign of the parent state.
Royal colonies were those that in the absence or revocation of a private or proprietary charter came under the direct, everyday governmental control of the English monarchy.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The French and Indian War is the American name for the North American theater of the Seven Years’ War.
The war was fought primarily between the colonies of British America and New France.

Cherokee War

1760 - 1778

The Cherokee finally declared open war against the British in 1759 (but were fighting independently and not as allies of France).In November 1761, the Cherokee signed a peace treaty with Virginia.

Sugar act

1765 - 1784

An act for granting certain duties in the British colonies and plantations in America.The act also listed more foreign goods to be taxed including sugar, certain wines, coffee, pimiento, cambric and printed calico, and further, regulated the export of lumber and iron.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

In South Carolina, the Regulator movement was an organized effort by backcountry settlers to restore law and order and establish institutions of local government. The leading planters, supported by small farmers, created an association to regulate backcountry affairs

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1766

This was a group of american patriots that originated from the North British Colonies.

Denmark Vessey Plot

1767 - 1822

This was a plot that was set forthe enslaved African Americans to rebell against their masters to become free. Word got out about this rebellion and all the involvments were killed. each and every peron included was hung to their death.

Cotton Trade

1769 - 1793

the states were resticted in trading cotton so they found a way to trade with wichever place they wished to trde with.

Stamp act

1773 - 1861

imposed a direct tax by the British Parliament specifically on the colonies of British America, and it required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper

Tea act

1775 - 1783

This was to convince the colonists to purchase Company tea on which the Townshend duties were paid. But, the colonists were so angry that it lead to the Boston Tea Party.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

This was a war between great britian and the 13 colonies. this gradually grew into a world war between britian vs. colonies, france, Netherlands, and Spain.

Articles of Confederation

1776 - 1781

this was the beggining of the 13 colonies that established enough control for the colonies to survive through the revolutionary war and settle with Europe.

Declaration of Independence

1778 - 1779

a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1778 - 1779

the governing document of the U.S. state of South Carolina. It describes the structure and function of the state's government.

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781

a major victory for the British in the Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780 - 1781

a decisive battle between the Patriot and Loyalist militias in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. The actual battle took place on October 7, 1780, nine miles south of the present-day town of Kings Mountain, North Carolina in rural York County, South Carolina, where the Patriot militia defeated the Loyalist militia commanded by British Major Patrick Ferguson of the 71st Foot.

It was the turning point in the war.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781 - 1782

a battle of the American Revolutionary War, and was the last major engagement of the war in the Carolinas.
Result: British tactical victory
American strategic advantage

Battle of Cowpens

1781 - 1782

a decisive victory by Continental army forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan, in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. It was a turning point in the reconquest of South Carolina from the British.

Constitution

1787 - 1788

the supreme law of the United States of America.[1] The first three Articles of the Constitution establish the rules and separate powers of the three branches of the federal government: a legislature, the bicameral Congress; an executive branch led by the President; and a federal judiciary headed by the Supreme Court. The last four Articles frame the principle of federalism. The Tenth Amendment confirms its federal characteristics.

Commerce Compromise

1787 - 1788

3/5 Compromise

1787 - 1788

a compromise between Southern and Northern states reached during the Philadelphia convention of 1787 in which three-fifths of the enumerated population of slaves would be counted for representation purposes regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives. It was proposed by delegates James Wilson and Roger Sherman.

Plantation System

1793 - 1860

an economy which was based on agricultural mass production.

Cotton Gin

1793 - 1860

the cotton gin revolutionized the cotton industry in the United States. Prior to his invention, farming cotton required hundreds of man-hours to separate the cottonseed from the raw cotton fibers. Simple seed-removing devices have been around for centuries, however, Eli Whitney's invention automated the seed separation process. His machine could generate up to fifty pounds of cleaned cotton daily, making cotton production profitable for the southern states.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

The embargo was imposed in response to violations of U.S. neutrality, in which American merchantmen and their cargo were seized as contraband of war by the belligerent European navies. The British Royal Navy, in particular, resorted to impressment, forcing thousands of American seamen into service on their warships.

War of 1812

1812 - 1814

a 32-month military conflict between the United States and the British Empire and their allies which resulted in no territorial change, but a resolution of many issues which remained from the American War of Independence. The United States declared war in 1812 for several reasons, including trade restrictions brought about by Britain's ongoing war with France, the impressment of American merchant sailors into the Royal Navy, British support of American Indian tribes against American expansion, outrage over insults to national honor after humiliations on the high seas, and possible American desire to annex Canada.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

a movement to end slavery, whether formal or informal. The term has become adopted by those seeking the abolishment of any perceived injustice to a group of people.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolina's 1832 Ordinance of Nullification. This ordinance declared by the power of the State that the federal Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional and therefore null and void within the sovereign boundaries of South Carolina.

Fort Sumter

1837 - 1885

the bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter, near Charleston, South Carolina, that started the American Civil War. Following declarations of secession by seven Southern states, South Carolina demanded that the U.S. Army abandon its facilities in Charleston Harbor.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

an enslaved African American who, during and after the American Civil War, became a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician.

Kansas- Nebraska Act

1854 - 1861

repealed the Missouri Compromise, allowing slavery in the territory north of the 36° 30´ latitude. Introduced by Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois, the Kansas-Nebraska Act stipulated that the issue of slavery would be decided by the residents of each territory, a concept known as popular sovereignty.

Dred Scott Decision

1857 - 1858

slave who maintained he had been emancipated as a result of having lived with his master in the free state of Illinois and in federal territory where slavery was forbidden by the Missouri Compromise.

Election of 1860

1860 - 1861

The campaign of 1860 accurately registered the country's precarious condition after a decade of sectional turmoil. The leading political organization in the North was the Republican party.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - Present day

Port Royal

1861 - 1865

Secessionist

1861 - 1865

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Four years of brutal conflict were marked by historic battles at Bull Run (Manassas), Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Vicksburg, among others. The War Between the States, as the Civil War was also known, pitted neighbor against neighbor and in some cases, brother against brother.

"Total War"

1861 - 1865

this was a plan set up during the civil war.
the north thought they could secede the south by capturing and closing of all of the south's inports and exports.