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Eastern woodland indians

1454 - 1566

The Indians in the Eastern Woodland Culture lived east of the Plains Indians. At that time much of the land between the Mississippi River and the east coast was covered with forest. These Indians, like the Indians of the other cultures depended on the natural resources around them for all of their basic.

Triangle slave trade

1500 - 1840

The trips for the slaves were horrible stuffed down in the bottom forced to deal with the bad smells and death of all other slaves

Mercantilism

1500 - 1700

Mercantilism is government control of foreign trade is of huge importance for ensuring the military security of the country. In particular it demands a good balance of trade.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape was the first European settlement inside what is now United States territory, founded by Spaniard Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón in 1526. It was to last only three months of winter before being abandoned in early 1527.

Proprietary colony

1600 - 1750

A proprietary colony was a colony in which one or more individuals, usually land owners, remaining subject to their parent state. retained rights that are today regarded as the privilege of the state

Royal colony

1600 - 1750

A Crown colony, also known in the 17th century as royal colony, was a type of colonial administration of the English and later English empire

13 English colonies

1607 - 1733

The Thirteen Colonies were some of the colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America founded between 1607 (Virginia) and 1733 (Georgia) by a variety of interests from England and later Great Britain.

Slave codes

1650 - 1865

Slave codes were made so that slaves would have a harder time trying to escape. Like if slaves are late to work they were punished just the same with if they are late to bed or if they try to escape.

Rice and indigo trade

1680 - 1730

Rice was grown successfully in South Carolina as early as 1680. By the early 18th century, with the slave system established on a large scale, rice became a major export crop of the region. Rice planting was extremely profitable

Yemmasse war

1715 - 1717

was a conflict between British settlers of colonial South Carolina and various Native American Indian tribes, including the Yamasee, Muscogee, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi and other Indian tribes

Stono rebellion

1739

One of the earliest known organized rebellions in the present United States, the uprising was led by native Africans who were Catholic and likely from the Kingdom of Kongo, which had been Catholic since 1491.

The French and Indian war

1754 - 1763

The war was fought primarily between the colonies of British America and New France, with both sides supported by military units from their parent countries of Great Britain and France

Cherokee war

1758 - 1761

The war was a conflict between British forces in North America and Cherokee Indian tribes during the French and Indian War. The British and the Cherokee had been allies at the start of the war, but each party had suspected the other of betrayals.

Sugar act

1764

The British put a tax on all sugar products. These incidents increased the colonists' concerns about the intent of the British Parliament and helped the growing movement that became the American Revolution.

Regulator movement

1765 - 1771

the Regulator Movement was a North and South Carolina uprising, lasting from about 1765 to 1771, in which citizens took up arms against corrupt colonial officials. Though unsuccessful

Stamp act

1765

imposed a direct tax by the British Parliament specifically on the colonies of British America, and it required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London

Son of liberty

1765

The Sons of Liberty was a group consisting of American patriots that originated in the pre-independence North American British colonies. The group was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to take to the streets against the taxes by the British government.

Tea act

1773

This was supposed to convince the colonists to purchase Company tea on which the Townshend duties were paid, thus implicitly agreeing to accept Parliament's right of taxation.

Revolutionary war

1775 - 1783

the Revolutionary War in the United States, began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies, but gradually grew into a world war between Britain on one side and the newly formed United States, and France The main result was an American victory and European recognition of the independence of the United States, with mixed results for the other powers.

Declaration of Independence

1776 - 2012

The Declaration of Independence was a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

I. That this congress being a full and free representation of the people of this colony, shall henceforth be deemed and called the general assembly of South Carolina, and as such shall continue until the twenty-first day of October next, and no longer.

Articles of confederation

1776 - 1789

was an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution

Battle of kings mountain

1780

The Battle of Kings Mountain was a decisive battle between the Patriot and Loyalist militias in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. The actual battle took place on October 7, 1780, nine miles south of the present-day town of Kings Mountain, North Carolina in rural York

Battle of Camden

1780

. On August 16, 1780, British forces under Lieutenant General Charles, Lord Cornwallis routed the American forces of Major General Horatio Gates about 10 km (five miles) north of Camden, South Carolina, strengthening the British hold on the Carolinas following the capture of Charleston.

Battle of Eutaw springs

1781

The Battle of Eutaw Springs was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, and was the last major engagement of the war in the Carolinas.

Battle of cowpens

1781

was a decisive victory by Continental army forces under General Daniel Morgan, in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. It was a turning point in the reconquest of South Carolina from the British.

3/5 compromise

1783

The Three-Fifths Compromise was a compromise between Southern and Northern states reached during the Philadelphia convention of 1787 in which three-fifths of the enumerated population of slaves would be counted for representation purposes regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives. It was proposed by delegates James Wilson and Roger Sherman.

The great compromise

1787

The great Compromise of 1787 or Sherman's Compromise was an agreement that large and small states reached during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that in part defined the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the United States Constitution. It retained the bicameral legislature as proposed by James Madison, along with proportional representation in the lower house, but required the upper house to be weighted equally between the states. Each state would have two representatives in the upper house.

Commerce compromise

1787

The compromise before the Great compromise.order to keep the convention going and ensure ratification of the Constitution, the delegates had to compromise a number of times. As a result, the final document is sometimes described as bundle compromises. Some of the most important compromises are listed below.

The constitution

1789 - 2013

The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America.[1] The first three Articles of the Constitution establish the rules and separate powers of the three branches of the federal government: a legislature, the bicameral Congress; an executive branch led by the President; and a federal judiciary headed by the Supreme Court. The last four Articles frame the principle of federalism. The Tenth Amendment confirms its federal characteristics.

Cotton gin

1793 - 1865

A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, a job that otherwise must be performed painstakingly by hand. The fibers are processed into clothing or other cotton goods, and any undamaged seeds may be used to grow more cotton or to produce cottonseed oil and meal.

Cotton trade

1800 - 1865

Cotton was in many ways very valuable. Also named white gold because cotton was very profitable for clothes, and other cotton products. Made easy to get with the cotton gin, and slave help.

Plantation system

1807 - 1865

Was the way people made and farmed crops with unpaid help of slaves. And the people who did this were very profitable for all sorts of crops like cotton, indigo, and rice for South Carolina.

The embargo act

1807

The embargo was imposed in response to violations of U.S. neutrality, in which American merchantmen and their cargo were seized as contraband of war by the belligerent European navies. The British Royal Navy, in particular, resorted to impressment, forcing thousands of American seamen into service on their warships.

The war of 1812

1812 - 1815

A military conflict between the United States and the British Empire and their allies which resulted in no territorial change, but a resolution of many issues remaining from the American War of Independence.

William t. Sherman

1820 - 1891

was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861–65), for which he received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as criticism for the harshness of the "scorched earth" policies that he implemented in conducting total war against the Confederate States. Sherman was "the first modern general

Denmark vesey plot

1822

was an African-Caribbean most famous for planning a slave rebellion in the United States. He was enslaved in the Caribbean before being brought to the United States and was probably of Coromantee background. After purchasing his freedom, he planned what would have been one of the largest slave rebellions in the United States. Word of the plans was leaked, and at Charleston, South Carolina, authorities arrested the plot's leaders before the uprising could begin. Vesey and others were tried, convicted and executed. Although it was almost certainly not his home, the Denmark Vesey House at Charleston was named a National Historic Landmark in 1976.

Abolitionist movement

1830 - 1870

Some abolitionists were Fredrick Douglas, Harriet Tubman,John brown and his kids. These people and many others were trying to abolish slavery.

Nullification controversy

1832 - 1833

The Nullification Crisis was a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolina's 1832 Ordinance of Nullification. This ordinance declared by the power of the State that the federal Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional and therefore null and void within the sovereign boundaries of South Carolina. The controversial and highly protective Tariff of 1828 was enacted into law during the presidency of John Quincy Adams. The tariff was opposed in the South and parts of New England

Robert smalls

1839 - 1915

was an enslaved African American who, during and after the American Civil War, became a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician. He freed himself, his crew and their families from slavery on May 13, 1862, by commandeering a Confederate transport ship, the CSS Planter, in Charleston harbor, and sailing it to freedom beyond the Federal blockade.

Kansas Nebraska act

1854 - 1860

created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing settlers in those territories to determine through Popular Sovereignty whether they would allow slavery within each territory.

Dred Scott decision

1857 - 1860

the Dred Scott Decision, was a landmark decision by the U.S. Supreme Court. It held that the federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the territories, and that people of African descent (both slave and free) were not protected by the Constitution and were not U.S. citizens. Since passage of the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, the decision has not been a precedent case, but retains historical significance as it is widely regarded as the worst decision ever made by the Supreme Court.

Secessionist

1860 - 1865

The secession happened when South Carolina broke away from the United States. and others states followed its example and broke away with like Virginia, Texas, Alabama, Florida, and many others.

Election of 1860

1860 - 1864

This was the election of Abraham Lincoln the president who wrote the emancipation proclamation The United States had been divided during the 1850s on questions surrounding the expansion of slavery and the rights of slave owners. In 1860, these issues broke the Democratic Party into Northern and Southern factions, and a new Constitutional Union Party appeared. In the face of a divided opposition, the Republican Party, dominant in the North, secured enough electoral votes to put Abraham Lincoln in the White House without support from the South.

Creation of the confederate states of America

1861 - 1865

was a government set up from 1861 to 1865 by a number of Southern slave states that had declared their secession from the United States. The Confederacy recognized as members eleven states that had formally declared secession, two additional states with less formal declarations, and one new territory. The Confederacy was eventually defeated in the American Civil War against the Union.

Fort Sumter

1861

Was the starting point in the war by the confederacy attacking the fort. was the bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter, near Charleston, South Carolina, that started the American Civil War. Following declarations of secession by seven Southern states, South Carolina demanded that the U.S. Army abandon its facilities in Charleston Harbor.

Civil war

1861 - 1865

The civil war was a war between the USA and CSA. The CSA want to completely break away from the USA the USA wanted to keep control and end slavery

Port royal

1861

The Battle of Port Royal was one of the earliest amphibious operations of the American Civil War, in which a United States Navy fleet and United States Army expeditionary force captured Port Royal Sound, South Carolina, between Savannah, Georgia and Charleston, South Carolina, on November 7, 1861. The sound was guarded by two forts on opposite sides of the entrance

Total war

1862

Was invented by William t. Sherman he believed that total war or scorched earth was a great plan to win the war and his plan did very well torching towns so nobody could use what every they. Also during his plan he marched and attacked Columbia the reason this war started.

Lincoln assassination

1865

This was the death of our 16th president Abe Lincoln carried out by John Wilkes booth and a group of other conspirators. It is said by Abe himself that he foresaw his own death.