The Indians were made up of the tribes Powhatan, Mohawks, Iroqoius, and the Susquehanna. They lived in the eastern part of the United States near the Mississippi River
1500 - 1799
A economic belief that government control of foreign trade is very important for military security. It demands a balance of trade.
San Miguel De Guadalupe
1526 - 1527
Established by Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon. Settled near Georgetown, the settlement failed in a year due to within a year due to famine, disease, and American and Indian populations
Triangle Slave Trade
1550 - 1899
It took place across the Atlantic Ocean. Africans were being transported to the new world from Africa. Africa, America, and Europe traded slaves, raw materials and finished products.
13 English Colonies
1607 - 1763
The first settlement of the colonies was Jamestown , the pilgrims then followed with Plymouth. Other English colonies formed and by 1763 there were 13 colonies
1664 - 1719
colony overseen by private people who have the same powers normally reserved for the government. The goverment gave a charter to one or more proprietors, sometimes called Lords Proprietors.
1699 - 1834
The division of the land into smaller units under private ownership.Crops grown on these plantations were tobacco, rice, sugar cane and cotton. Slaves worked up to 18 hours a day
Rice and indigo trade
1700 - 1800
It was the sales and increase of rice and indigo. It was a major crop and it was extremely requested from other country's. Charleston rice exports came from 10,000 pounds in 1698 to over 20 million pounds by 1730
Cotton was a major cash crop grown in the south and many people used it to make materials like clothes and cloth. This was a highly requested item and many people trade different goods for it.
1715 - 1717
There was a conflict between Indians and British colonists, in the southern area of South Carolina, resulting of a collapse of Indian power in that area. South Carolina got New England troops and defeated the Indians.
1729 - 1783
A colony made by a royal governor and council appointed by a British crown. And having a representative assembly elected by the people.
1739 - 1740
20 slaves met and formed a rebellion, they broke into stores and stole guns and gun powder. 60 white people were killed. And the leader, Nat Turner was executed. This was the largest slave revolt in history.
1750 - 1865
laws in each US state, which expressed the status of slaves and the rights of masters. This was because the masters were scared that the slaves would over power them and create a huge rebellion.
French and Indian war
1754 - 1763
Series of war between the British and the French. In the 1750s, France and Britain were fighting in Europe. British Colonists wanted to take over French land in North America. The British wanted to take over the fur trade in the French held territory.
1758 - 1761
Between British forces in North America and Cherokee Indians from the French and Indian war. They were allies at the beginning of the war but then suspected each others betrayals. Tensions grew and the war started
1764 - 1766
Act that put a three-cent tax on foreign refined sugar and increased taxes on coffee, indigo, and certain kinds of wine. To raise funds. This made the colonists very mad.
1765 - 1766
Tax on all American colonists and required them to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used. The money paid was used to help pay the costs to defend the American frontier. Many people thought this was just England's way of taking their money.
1765 - 1771
North and South Carolina uprising where citizens took up arms against colonial officials because there was unfair system of taxation
Sons of Liberty
1765 - 1783
They were started in protest of the Stamp Act. The Sons of Liberty also opposed the Townshend Acts, the Tea Tax, and any form of "Taxation without Representation". They also organized the Boston Tea Party.
1773 - 1774
Act that placed tax on tea, the colonists favorite good. the british wanted to raise money to bail of the East India Company. This outraged the colonists . This led to the Boston Tea Party, where colonists boarded east india company ships and dumped loads of tea into the harbor. harsh measures were placed on the colonists and triggered the near begining of the war.
1775 - 1783
War between England and the American colonies. This is because the 13 colonies wanted to separate from England, they wanted to be their own and not under England's control. The colonies won the war and America was born.
South Carolina Constitution of 1776
1776 - 1777
stated that following articles, agreed upon by the freemen of this State, now met in general assembly, be deemed and held the constitution and form of government of the said State, unless altered by the legislative authority thereof
Declaration of Independance
1776 - 1777
that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, declared themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire.
Battle of Kings Mountain
1780 - 1781
Battle between Loyalists and the Patriots. Took place in South Carolina. Major Patrick Ferguson commanded the loyalists. Colonel Shelby commanded the Patriots. Surprisingly, the patriots took the victory. The defeat forced Cornwallis to abandon his plans to invade North Carolina and retreat South.
Battle of Camden
1780 - 1781
Took place in South Carolina. The british and germans against the Americans. The British had 1,500 hundred regulars and 500 militia. The American army comprised 1,500 Continental troops and some 1,500 militia. The british won the battle
Articles of confederation
1781 - 1789
agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution. But later was replaced by the US consitution.
The Great Compromise
1787 - 1788
due to Bicameral legislature, the states both wanted something different. The smaller states wanted every state to have a equal amount of representivies, while the bigger states wanted to have representives based on population. So the great comrpimise was born and the they broke it into two groups, senate and the house of representivies
1787 - 1788
When the constitution allowed the federal government to tax imports but not exports.
1787 - 1861
compromise between Southern and Northern states in which three-fifths of the population of slaves would be counted for representation purposes because of both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives
1788 - 1789
Was written to replace the Articles of Confederation because they were to weak. New ideas were added to create a better and more structured government in America.
A machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds. It changed work at the plantation rapidly, slaves were then able to use a machine instead of using their hands.
The Embargo Act
1807 - 1809
Jefforson believed that U.S. ships were carrying war materials to European belligerents. So All U.S. ports were closed to export shipping in either U.S. or foreign vessels, and restrictions were placed on imports from Great Britain.
War of 1812
1812 - 1815
fought between the United States and Great Britain, because of issues of trade, maritime rights, and territorial expansionism. The the war ended with the Treaty of Ghent.
William T Sherman
1820 - 1891
Served as a general to the union army during the civil war. And received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy.
Denmark Vesey Plot
1822 - 1823
Plot created by Vesey. He created a plan for slaves to go out against their masters. Word got out about the rebellion and the plan failed. Vesey and the others that were to contribute to the rebellion were hung.
1830 - 1870
The goal of this movement was to end slavery. Many people came together to write books, and go talk to people about slavery and why its wrong. They tried to bring people to their side to try to stop slavery.
1832 - 1833
Crisis during the presidencey of Andrew Jackson against South Carolina senator John C. Calhoun over whether a state could nullify federal laws.
1839 - 1915
enslaved African American during and after the Civil War. He became a ships pilot, sea captin, and politician. Later he freed himself, his family and his crew from slavery.
“total war” was identified by scholars as a separate class of warfare. In total war there is a differentiation between combatants and civilians than in other conflicts
1854 - 1855
Created by Stephen Douglas , when Kanas and Nebraska decide for themselves whether they will be a free or slave states, even though they are above the missouri comprimise line.
Dred Scott decision
1857 - 1858
Saying that a black person whether they were slave or free were not a citizen and had no rights, and that slaves could be brought from territory to territory whether free or not. Helped add the tension that caused the civil war.
Election of 1860
1860 - 1865
Lincoln is elected the 16th president of the United States. Southerners fear that Lincoln is going to end slavery.
1861 - 1862
Confederate gun batteries opened fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, signaling the start of the Civil War. After 24 hours of battle the federal troops surrendered and withdrew to New York.
The Civil War
1861 - 1865
Result of tensions between the north and the south. One of the biggest focal points was slavery. Also, the south was outraged about Lincolns election. One of the bloodiest conflicts in American history. In the end, the north took the victory.
1861 - 1862
The Confederacy defenders were massively outnumbered by the Federal force sent to attack them. The union shot down the forts around port royal. The confederacy faced a terrible defeat.
1861 - 1862
the act of withdrawing from an organization, union, or especially a political entity.
Creation of the Confederate States of America
1861 - 1865
Was created number of Southern slave states that had declared their secession from the United States. This was the start of the civil war.
1865 - 1866
Lincoln was shot at a play at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. The attack came only five days after Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered. He was shot by John Wilkes Booth.
Battle of Eutaw Springs
1881 - 1882
Fought between the americans and the british. the Americans were commanded by Major general Nathenal Greene and the british were commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Stewart. Americans won the battel and Stewart retreated to charleston.
Battle of Cowpens
1881 - 1882
took place in South Carolina. fought between the Americans and the British and Loyalists. The generals were Colonel Daniel Morgan commanding the Americans against Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton commanding the British and loyalists. the Americans overwhelmingly won.