Hollys Timeline

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Eastern Woodland Indians

800 BC - 800 AD

The Indians were made up of the tribes Powhatan, Mohawks, Iroqoius, and the Susquehanna. They lived in the eastern part of the United States near the Mississippi River

Mercantilism

1500 - 1799

A economic belief that government control of foreign trade is very important for military security. It demands a balance of trade.

San Miguel De Guadalupe

1526 - 1527

Established by Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon. Settled near Georgetown, the settlement failed in a year due to within a year due to famine, disease, and American and Indian populations

Triangle Slave Trade

1550 - 1899

It took place across the Atlantic Ocean. Africans were being transported to the new world from Africa. Africa, America, and Europe traded slaves, raw materials and finished products.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1763

The first settlement of the colonies was Jamestown , the pilgrims then followed with Plymouth. Other English colonies formed and by 1763 there were 13 colonies

Proprietary Colony

1664 - 1719

colony overseen by private people who have the same powers normally reserved for the government. The goverment gave a charter to one or more proprietors, sometimes called Lords Proprietors.

Plantation System

1699 - 1834

The division of the land into smaller units under private ownership.Crops grown on these plantations were tobacco, rice, sugar cane and cotton. Slaves worked up to 18 hours a day

Cotton Trade

1700

Cotton was a major cash crop grown in the south and many people used it to make materials like clothes and cloth. This was a highly requested item and many people trade different goods for it.

Rice and indigo trade

1700 - 1800

It was the sales and increase of rice and indigo. It was a major crop and it was extremely requested from other country's. Charleston rice exports came from 10,000 pounds in 1698 to over 20 million pounds by 1730

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

There was a conflict between Indians and British colonists, in the southern area of South Carolina, resulting of a collapse of Indian power in that area. South Carolina got New England troops and defeated the Indians.

Royal Colony

1729 - 1783

A colony made by a royal governor and council appointed by a British crown. And having a representative assembly elected by the people.

Stono Rebellion

1739 - 1740

20 slaves met and formed a rebellion, they broke into stores and stole guns and gun powder. 60 white people were killed. And the leader, Nat Turner was executed. This was the largest slave revolt in history.

Slave Codes

1750 - 1865

laws in each US state, which expressed the status of slaves and the rights of masters. This was because the masters were scared that the slaves would over power them and create a huge rebellion.

French and Indian war

1754 - 1763

Series of war between the British and the French. In the 1750s, France and Britain were fighting in Europe. British Colonists wanted to take over French land in North America. The British wanted to take over the fur trade in the French held territory.

Cherokee war

1758 - 1761

Between British forces in North America and Cherokee Indians from the French and Indian war. They were allies at the beginning of the war but then suspected each others betrayals. Tensions grew and the war started

Sugar act

1764 - 1766

Act that put a three-cent tax on foreign refined sugar and increased taxes on coffee, indigo, and certain kinds of wine. To raise funds. This made the colonists very mad.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1783

They were started in protest of the Stamp Act. The Sons of Liberty also opposed the Townshend Acts, the Tea Tax, and any form of "Taxation without Representation". They also organized the Boston Tea Party.

Regulator movement

1765 - 1771

North and South Carolina uprising where citizens took up arms against colonial officials because there was unfair system of taxation

Stamp act

1765 - 1766

Tax on all American colonists and required them to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used. The money paid was used to help pay the costs to defend the American frontier. Many people thought this was just England's way of taking their money.

Tea Act

1773 - 1774

Act that placed tax on tea, the colonists favorite good. the british wanted to raise money to bail of the East India Company. This outraged the colonists . This led to the Boston Tea Party, where colonists boarded east india company ships and dumped loads of tea into the harbor. harsh measures were placed on the colonists and triggered the near begining of the war.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

War between England and the American colonies. This is because the 13 colonies wanted to separate from England, they wanted to be their own and not under England's control. The colonies won the war and America was born.

Declaration of Independance

1776 - 1777

that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, declared themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776 - 1777

stated that following articles, agreed upon by the freemen of this State, now met in general assembly, be deemed and held the constitution and form of government of the said State, unless altered by the legislative authority thereof

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781

Took place in South Carolina. The british and germans against the Americans. The British had 1,500 hundred regulars and 500 militia. The American army comprised 1,500 Continental troops and some 1,500 militia. The british won the battle

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780 - 1781

Battle between Loyalists and the Patriots. Took place in South Carolina. Major Patrick Ferguson commanded the loyalists. Colonel Shelby commanded the Patriots. Surprisingly, the patriots took the victory. The defeat forced Cornwallis to abandon his plans to invade North Carolina and retreat South.

Articles of confederation

1781 - 1789

agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution. But later was replaced by the US consitution.

3/5 Compromise

1787 - 1861

compromise between Southern and Northern states in which three-fifths of the population of slaves would be counted for representation purposes because of both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives

Commerce Compromise

1787 - 1788

When the constitution allowed the federal government to tax imports but not exports.

The Great Compromise

1787 - 1788

due to Bicameral legislature, the states both wanted something different. The smaller states wanted every state to have a equal amount of representivies, while the bigger states wanted to have representives based on population. So the great comrpimise was born and the they broke it into two groups, senate and the house of representivies

Consitution

1788 - 1789

Was written to replace the Articles of Confederation because they were to weak. New ideas were added to create a better and more structured government in America.

Cotton Gin

1794

A machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds. It changed work at the plantation rapidly, slaves were then able to use a machine instead of using their hands.

The Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

Jefforson believed that U.S. ships were carrying war materials to European belligerents. So All U.S. ports were closed to export shipping in either U.S. or foreign vessels, and restrictions were placed on imports from Great Britain.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

fought between the United States and Great Britain, because of issues of trade, maritime rights, and territorial expansionism. The the war ended with the Treaty of Ghent.

William T Sherman

1820 - 1891

Served as a general to the union army during the civil war. And received recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822 - 1823

Plot created by Vesey. He created a plan for slaves to go out against their masters. Word got out about the rebellion and the plan failed. Vesey and the others that were to contribute to the rebellion were hung.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

The goal of this movement was to end slavery. Many people came together to write books, and go talk to people about slavery and why its wrong. They tried to bring people to their side to try to stop slavery.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

Crisis during the presidencey of Andrew Jackson against South Carolina senator John C. Calhoun over whether a state could nullify federal laws.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

enslaved African American during and after the Civil War. He became a ships pilot, sea captin, and politician. Later he freed himself, his family and his crew from slavery.

"Total War"

1850

“total war” was identified by scholars as a separate class of warfare. In total war there is a differentiation between combatants and civilians than in other conflicts

Kanas-Nebraska act

1854 - 1855

Created by Stephen Douglas , when Kanas and Nebraska decide for themselves whether they will be a free or slave states, even though they are above the missouri comprimise line.

Dred Scott decision

1857 - 1858

Saying that a black person whether they were slave or free were not a citizen and had no rights, and that slaves could be brought from territory to territory whether free or not. Helped add the tension that caused the civil war.

Election of 1860

1860 - 1865

Lincoln is elected the 16th president of the United States. Southerners fear that Lincoln is going to end slavery.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

Was created number of Southern slave states that had declared their secession from the United States. This was the start of the civil war.

Secessionist

1861 - 1862

the act of withdrawing from an organization, union, or especially a political entity.

Port Royal

1861 - 1862

The Confederacy defenders were massively outnumbered by the Federal force sent to attack them. The union shot down the forts around port royal. The confederacy faced a terrible defeat.

The Civil War

1861 - 1865

Result of tensions between the north and the south. One of the biggest focal points was slavery. Also, the south was outraged about Lincolns election. One of the bloodiest conflicts in American history. In the end, the north took the victory.

Ft. Sumter

1861 - 1862

Confederate gun batteries opened fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, signaling the start of the Civil War. After 24 hours of battle the federal troops surrendered and withdrew to New York.

Lincolns Assasin

1865 - 1866

Lincoln was shot at a play at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. The attack came only five days after Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered. He was shot by John Wilkes Booth.

Battle of Cowpens

1881 - 1882

took place in South Carolina. fought between the Americans and the British and Loyalists. The generals were Colonel Daniel Morgan commanding the Americans against Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton commanding the British and loyalists. the Americans overwhelmingly won.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1881 - 1882

Fought between the americans and the british. the Americans were commanded by Major general Nathenal Greene and the british were commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Stewart. Americans won the battel and Stewart retreated to charleston.