What we have studied so far this year
The Eastern Woodland Indian Culture depended on the natural resources of the forests around them to survive. They often lived near lakes or streams. They were made up of many diverse groups, the most well known being the Iroquois and the Cherokee.
The triangle slave trade involved three different regions: Great Britain, West Africa, and the Carribean Islands. Great Britain sent manufactured goods to West Africa, which then sent enslaved Africans to the Carribean Islands, which then sent raw materials to Great Britain.
Mercantilism demands the "positive balance of trade". It is an economic style that has a purpose of building a wealthy and powerful state.
Rice and Indigo were major cash crops in the Southern American states. The major demand for rice and indigo lead to the extreme need for slaves in the south. The civil war and a drought afterwards pretty much destroyed the business.
Since the cotton gin was invented, the cotton trade was a big business. Because of how easy it was to get the seeds out of cotton balls, plantation owners began to grow more and more to be made into material for clothing.
The Embargo Act was a law created by President Thomas Jefferson in 1807 that was created to try and force Great Britain and France out of war during the Napoleonic Wars. It was designed to keep American ships from trading with the battling nations. It failed because American merchants snuck out of the country to trade, and the act was repealed in 1809, near the end of Jefferson's presidency.
San Miguel de Gualdape was the first European settlement in what is now the United States. The founder, Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón, built the colony in 1526 along the Gualdape river under a patent from Charles V.
The 13 English colonies were British colonies that would eventually become the first 13 states of America. The first colony, Virginia, was founded in 1607 with 12 more colonies following all the way up to Georgia in 1732.
A royal colony was a colony that stayed under royal rule. Although some states, like the original proprietary states, were not originally royal colonies, all of the 13 English colonies were eventually under royal rule.
A proprietary colony is a colony that is ruled by one or more of its citizens, usually land owners. Originally proprietary colonies in the Americas include Maryland, Pennsylvania, Deleware, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. All of these colonies, though, eventually became royal colonies.
The system of splitting land into smaller pieces owned by private owners is known as the plantation system. It relied on slaves to do the work for the owners, so when the Civil War ended in 1865 and all slaves were emancipated, the system pretty much fell apart.
The cotton gin was a machine invented by Eli Whitney in 1794. It made it easier to clean cotton, so it soon became a cash crop. Although Whitney invented the machine to get rid of slavery, owners ironically began purcahsing more slaves to try and sell more of the crop.
Slave codes were state-wide guidelines of status of slaves and rules for their masters. These laws provided the slave owners with absolute power over their slaves.
The Stono Rebellion was started by a slave named Jemmy. He gathered up 60-100 other slaves to help him revolt near the Stono River, 20 miles southwest of Charlestown. Eventually the militia caught up with them and captured the revolters, most of which were then executed.
The purpose of the 3/5 Compromise between the north and the south was that all slaves counted as 3/5 of a person for the purpose of taxation and representation. This law was kept until the end of the Civil War in 1865 when all slaves were emancipated.
The Denmark Vesey Plot was a slave revolt plan formed by the free african Denmark Vesey to take place on Bastille Day (July 14). Word leaked out and Charleston authorities arrested Vesey and his associated and executed them.
Robert Smalls was a man, born a slave, who taught himself to read and write. During the civil war, he stowed himself, his family, and several other slaves on a ship that was Union bound. It was captured by Union authorities and everyone was set free.
The Dred Scott Decision involved a Supreme Court case in which a slave claimed he was free because his owner lived with hime in the free state of Illinios and territory where slavery was forbidden by the Missouri Compromise. The Supreme Court decided that Congress had no right to keep slavery out of territories.
The Yemassee (also spelled Yamassee) War was a conflict between colonial South Carolina and various Native American tribes, including the Yamasee, Muscogee, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaw, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, and Cheraw. The tides turning in 1716 when the Cherokee sided with the colonists and helped them defeat the other tribes.
The French and Indian War was the American name for the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War. It was mainly fought between colonial France and colonial Britain, and quickly escalated to the mother countries. In the end, Britain became the dominet colonial power in the west
The Cherokee War was a conflict between the British forces in North America and the Cherokee Indian tribes during the French and Indian War. They had been allies at the beginning of the war, but suspected betrayal from each other. The British defeated the Cherokee and made them sign a peace treaty.
The Revolutionary War was the fight for independence between the United States and their allies (France, Netherlands, Spain) and Great Britain. In a way, the Revolutionary War was a World War. The result was independance for the US and mixed results for their allies.
The Battle of Camden was a major British victory in the Revolutionary War. Though 11 men went missing, the British killed and wounded 900 Americans and captured 1,000.
The Battle of King's Mountain was a resounding American victory against loyalist forces near the boarder of South Carolina and North Carolina. This battle is considered the turning point of the war in the South.
The Battle of Cowpens was a decisive American victory in the Revolutionary War. The British lost over 4 times as many men in this battle than the Americans. When the result was reported, Lord Cornwallis stick his sword in the ground and leaned on it until the blade snapped.
The Battle of Eutaw Springs was the last major engagement of war in the Carolinas in the Revolutionary War. It was a British tactical victory, but lead to an American strategic advantage.
The War of 1812 was a conflict between the new United States and Great Britain over issues unsettled by the Revolutionary War. One battle, known as the Battle of Baltimore, was the inspiration for the national anthem, The Star Spangled Banner.
William T. Sherman was the founder of total war, which was a strategy used by the Union forces during the civil war. He was a soldier, businessman, educator, and author.
Total war was a type of warfare like none other. There is less difference between a soldier and a civilian, if any at all. Total war will kill anyone. It was designed to make the soldiers think about their families and be discouraged to fight as well as they could.
The civil war was the war fought between the two sides of America: The Union and The Confederates. It began when the Confederates attacked Fort Sumter in Charleston, SC.
My personal knowledge
The Battle of Fort Sumter was a battle fought in Charleston, SC that signaled the beginning of the Civil War. The South Carolina Confederates attacked the Union Fort Sumter, afraid of an attack from the Union.
The Battle of Port Royal was one of the earliest amphibious battles in the American Civil War. Thanks to the battle, the Union took Port Royal Sound.
The Sugar Act was a law passed by Parliament that put taxes on sugar, wine, and other imported things. This made the colonist very upset, as they had to pay more for imported things. They money was also going to force the colonies to only trade with Great Britain, which would cost them a lot of money.
The Stamp Act was a law passed by Parliament that put British stamps on any printed document. Colonists were unhappy and held protests against the Act, and Great Britain repealed it on March 18, 1766.
The Tea Act was a law passed by Parliament that was tying to help the East India Company by selling bargain priced tea. The colonist took this as an attempt to persuade them towards favor for taxes, and the act sparked the Boston Tea Party and the American Revolution.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act was the act that created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska in 1854. It also lead to Popular Sovereignty, which was a way for people to vote where or not slaves should be allowed in territories.
The Sons of Liberty was the group responsible for some of the Stamp Act protests and the Boston Tea Party. Though it is often speculated, John and Samuel Adams were not actually in the Sons of Liberty, only closely associated with them.
The Regulator Movement was an uprising in North and South Carolina to overturn corrupt colonial officials. Though it was unsuccessful, some historians consider it a catalyst to the Revolutionary War.
The goal of the Abolitionist Movement was the emancipation of all slaves. The abolitionists also wanted to end racial discrimination and segregation.
The South Carolina Constitution of 1776 was a document that declared South Carolina's independence from Great Britain in 1776. This action was taken 4 months before the Declaration of Independence and 5 months before the state even learned about the declaration.
The Declaration of Independence was the document that declared the US independent from Great Britain. It was drafted by Thomas Jefferson from June 11-28 and signed by the new Congress on July 4.
The Articles of Confederation was the first United States Constitution. It created strong state government, but lacked the strong central government needed for the nation, and was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
The Constitution was the revised version of the Articles of Confederation. It gave more power to the federal government and less to the states'.
The Commerce Compromise was the agreement in the Constitutional Convention on how the federal government would control commerce. It involved Import Taxes, Taxes on Slaves, and Treaty Ratification.
The Great Compromise decided the way that the states would be represented in the Legislative Branch (Congress). Each state would have two senators in the Senate who would work for six years, and each would send an amount of representatives to the House of Representatives who would work for two years. The number of representatives in the House depended on the states' population.
The Nullification Controversy was the crisis caused by South Carolina's Ordinance of Nullification under president Andrew Jackson. It stated that the protective tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional and South Carolina wasn't going to follow them.
The Confederate States of America was a government set up by the seceded states just before and throughout the civil war. Started by South Carolina, the country consisted of eleven states that seceded from the union.
A secessionist is a person or group who seceds from something. The first secessionist from the US was South Carolina.
The Election of 1860 was between Abraham Lincoln, John Bell, Stephan A. Douglas and John C. Breckinridge. The winner was Abraham Lincoln, who would change America forever.
Lincoln's Assassination was conducted by John Wilkes Booth in the middle of the play Our American Cousin at Forf's Theatre. While Secretary of State William H. Seward and Vice President Andrew Johnson were also targeted, Seward was only injured and Andrew Johnson's would-be assassin chickened-out and fled Washington.
Washington D.C. Trip