Events of Social Studies 2012-2013

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Eastern Woodland Indians.

800 bc - 800 ad

The Eastern Woodland Indians were made up of multiple tribes. One of the tribes is the Powhatan. Most of the tribes were made up of the Iroquois tribe. Lived in the astern part of the us.

Plantation System

1500 - 1799

Creation of industrial crops. Tropical crops that were grown on plantations were the most popular and worth the most. Soon people began trading all of the different crops to different countries.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1899

The Triangle Slave Trade was between Europe, Africa, and the USA. The USA sent raw materials to Europe. Europe sent finished products to Africa. Africa sent the USA slaves.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1799

It is the economic doctrine the all government control of foreign is export ant for ensuring full military protection for out country. It strongly forces a positive balance of trade.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape was the first European settlement in what is known as the United States. It was founded by Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon in 1526. It was abandoned in the winter of 1527.

Proprietary Colony

1600 - 1699

A North American Colony made up of Pensilvania and Carolina.
It was granted by the English Crown to one or more proprietors who has full governing rights.

Royal Colony

1600 - 1699

The Royal Colony was a type of colonial administration of the English and later the British Empire. Colonies were ruled by a governer appointed by the Monarch.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

13 colonies along the Atlantic Coast in North America founded between 1607 1733. It started with Virginia then ended with Georgia. They were best know as founding political entities.

Slave Codes

1650 - 1862

Slave codes were laws in each US state, which defined the status of slaves and the rights of masters. These codes gave slave-owners absolute power over the African slaves.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1799

It was a trade with Great Britain and South Carolina. South Carolina gave them indigo and rice. South Carolina produces thousands of pounds of rice.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

Conflict between British settlers and various Native American Indian tribes. The settlers launched attacks on many parts of South Carolina to destroy the colony. The result is that the Yemassee was broken. Catawba became the dominant tribe

Stono Rebellion

1739

It was the largest slave uprising in the British territory prior to the American Revolution. It was commanded in South Carolina.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The war was fought between the British America colonies and New France. In 1754 the war escalated from a regional fight into a world wide conflict.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

Conflict between British forces in North America and the Cherokee Indian tribes. They started as allies then soon became enemies because of betrayal.

Regulator Movement

1760 - 1769

Regulator movement was an organized effort by backcountry settlers to restore law and order and establish institutions of local government. Plagued by roving bands of outlaws and angered by the assembly's failure to provide the western counties with courts and petty officers, the leading planters, supported by small farmers, created in 1767 an association to regulate backcountry affairs.

Tea Act

1760 - 1775

The tea cat reduced the massive surplus of tea held by the financially troubled British East India Company in its London warehouses and to help the struggling company survive.

Sugar Act

1764

Itt is expedient that new provisions and regulations should be established for improving the revenue of this Kingdom, and, it is just and necessary that a revenue should be raised, for defraying the expenses of defending, protecting, and securing the same.

Sons Of Liberty

1765 - 1766

the Sons of Liberty is a group consisting of American patriots that originated in the pre independence North American British colonies. The group was formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to take to the streets against the taxes by the British government. They are best known for undertaking the Boston Tea Party in 1773

Stamp Act

1765

The stamp act required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp. These printed materials were legal documents, magazines, newspapers and many other types of paper used throughout the colonies.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The Revolutionary war was between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies. They were fighting for independence The American colonies won.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

The legislature renames itself the general assembly of south carolina and elected john rutledge as president.

Articles of Confederation

1776 - 1777

Agreement between the 13 states thay astablished the united states of america as a confederation of soverign states and served as its first constitution.

Declaration of Independence

1776

The Declaration of Independence was a statement adopted by the Continental Congress, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, were now independent states and were no longer part of the British Empire.

Battle of Camden

1780

The Battle of Camden was a major victory for the British in the Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

The Battle of Kings Mountain was a battle between the Patriot and Loyalist militias in the Southern campaign of the American Revolutionary War. It was the turning point in the south. Patriots won.

Batte of Eutaw Springs

1781

It was the last major engagment of the war in the Carolina's. It was a British tatical victory.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

Battle of cowpens took place in the later part of the Southern Campaign of the American Revolution and of the Revolution itself.

Commerce Comprimise

1787 - 1788

The Constitution allows the federal government to tax imports but not exports.

Constitution

1787

The work of many minds, the Constitution stands as a model of cooperative statesmanship and the art of compromise.

3/5 Comprimise

1787 - 1861

The 3/5 Compromise was a compromise between Southern and Northern states. The Philadelphia convention of 1787 in which three-fifths of the enumerated population of slaves would be counted for representation purposes regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives

Great Compromise

1787

The Constitution creates a bicameral legislature. In the House of Representatives, representation is determined by population. A census is taken every ten years to determine the population of each state. In the Senate, all states have the same number of representatives: two. The legislature was serrated with the house of repasenatives.

Cotton Gin

1793 - 1825

Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. The cotton gin sped up the process of picking cotton. Because of this invention there was a huge increase in slaves in the US.

Embargo Act

1807

The Embargo Act of 1807 was a general embargo enacted by the United States Congress against Great Britain and France during the Napoleonic Wars.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The War of 1812, a war between the United States and the British Empire. It was fought chiefly on the Atlantic Ocean and on the land, coasts and waterways of North America. The war ended to a stand still.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1892

He was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. He served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

He was a slave. He started a slave uprising but it failed. He eventually became a free slave and won the lottery!

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1879

The abolitionist movement attempted to achieve immediate emancipation of all slaves and the ending of racial segregation and discrimination

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

It was a huge milestone in the national debate over federal versus state authority. Coming at a time when agitation over slavery and other issues that tended to divide the country along sectional lines was growing, the nullification controversy brought the states rights debate into sharp focus.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls U.S. captain in the Union navy and politician, born a slave in South Carolina.

Dred Scott Decision

1847 - 1857

Supreme Court case that ruled the already superseded Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional, neither Congress nor territorial legislatures could limit slavery in U.S. territories, that people of African ancestry were not entitled to citizenship or constitutional protections, and that slaves were not freed if they were taken into jurisdictions that banned slavery. Scott sued for his freedom on the basis that he had been taken into Illinois, a free state, and the Wisconsin Territory, also declared free by Congress. The decision upset the balance between free and slave states, led to fears that slavery would be extended to free states, and contributed to the Civil War. The decision was made moot by the 14th Amendment.

Lincoln’s assassination

1850 - 1862

He was shot in the back of the head. He was at a theater called forts theater.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854 - 1855

A law passed by Congress in 1854 that divided the territory west of the states of Missouri and Iowa and the territory of Minnesota into two new territories, Kansas and Nebraska. The law was extremely controversial because it did not exclude slavery from either territory, despite the fact that the Missouri Compromise prohibited slavery in these territories.

Election of 1860

1860

The United States presidential election of 1860 was the 19th quadrennial presidential election. Abraham Lincoln was elected president. He ended slavery.

Secessionist

1860 - 1869

A secessionist is a person who secedes, advocates secession, or claims secession as a constitutional right.

Ft Sumter

1861

A fort in SE South Carolina, in the harbor of Charleston: its bombardment by the Confederates opened the Civil War in 1861.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

A government created by the 11 Southern states of the United States after they seceded from the Union.

Port Royal

1861

one of the earliest amphibious operations of the American Civil War, in which a United States Navy fleet and United States Army expeditionary force captured Port Royal Sound, South Carolina, between Savannah, Georgia and Charleston, South Carolina, in 1861..

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The war was fought between the North and the South, sparked off by Lincoln's election as president but with deep-rooted political and economic causes, exacerbated by the slavery issue. The advantages of the North in terms of population, finance, and communications brought about the South's eventual surrender at Appomattox

"Total war"

1865

William t Sherman wanted to destroy South Carolina. He wanted to take everything from the people in the south.

Cotton Trade

1987

The act of trading cotton throughout different countries.