The Eastern Woodland Indians were a group of different tribes that lived in forests/woodlands near the Mississippi River. The tribes the made it up were the Iroquois, Cherokee, Powhatan, Mohawks, and the Susquehanna.
1500 - 1799
An economic system developed to increase the wealth of the nation by strict government laws. It balanced trade, agriculture, manufactures, and foreign trading.
Sam Miguel de Gualdape
1526 - 1527
Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon came from Spain and established the colony known as Sam Miguel de Gualdape. It only lasted a year because of hunger, diseases, and conflicts between the black and American Indians.
Triangle Slave Trade
1550 - 1899
The Triangle Slave Trade was a passage from Africa to America that carried slaves. It was part of the Triangle Trade that traded raw materials, manufactured products, and then slaves. Most slaves died on the trip there because it was a terrible ride to America.
13 English Colonies
1607 - 1763
The first settlers came to Jamestown and established the first lasting colony in America. After this, more settlers came and by 1763, there were 13 colonies.
1664 - 1719
South Carolina became a Proprietary Colony for one main reason. They wanted to make more money by establishing this type of colony.
1699 - 1834
Plantation System was the division of property into smaller sections under private property.
1700 - 1701
The cotton trade started to pick up in 1700 and is still in use today.
Rice and Indigo Trade
1700 - 1800
In the early 18th century, rice and indigo became a major crop. Due to the increase in slaves, the production of the crops went up and so did the demand for them.
1715 - 1717
The Yemassee indians attacked the colonists in 1715 . They attacked because the colonists were treating the Indians unfairly and abusing their trade, etc.
1729 - 1783
South Carolina switched from a Proprietary Colony to a Royal Colony. They switched to a Royal Colony because they weren't getting enough protection.
1739 - 1740
The Stono Rebellion was the largest revolt in Colonial America. Groups of slaves escaped, armed themselves, and killed slave owners and eventually, they were caught and most were killed.
1750 - 1865
Slave codes were laws set for slaves that they must follow and if they didn't, they were punished.
French and Indian War
1754 - 1763
The British were fighting against the French about territory in North America. The French had Indian allies and eventually, it ended with the treaty of Paris and the British won.
1758 - 1761
The Cherokee War was between the British and the Cherokee Indians during the French and Indian War. They were originally allies, but they both suspected the other was betraying them.
1764 - 1766
The British put a tax in sugar, coffee and wine to make more money and also because a lot of people bought these common items. It started the phrase, "no taxation without representation."
1765 - 1771
A group of people that tried to effect government changes. It was established in South Carolina to restore order and law.
Sons of Liberty
1765 - 1783
The sons of liberty were a group of people who rebelled against British taxes. They kept organizing resistance movements until the end of the American Revolution.
1765 - 1766
The British put a tax on all paper products. They did this because the Sugar Act wasn't working too well at all.
1773 - 1778
The Tea Act was Britain's way to save the British East India Company and to regain control of tea trade. This allowed Americans to buy tea from only that company.
1775 - 1783
The American Revolution started in 1775 because of tensions between Great Britain and America. The first battle was the Battle of Lexington and Concord
Declaration of Independence
1776 - 1777
The Declaration of Independence was written to gain and declare America's independence from Great Britain. Five men were chosen to write it: Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Livingston, and Roger Sherman
South Carolina Constitution of 1776
1776 - 1777
South Caolina made its own Constitution in order to gain independence from Great Britain. They did this prior to the Constitutional Convention.
Articles of Confedeartion
1777 - 1783
The Articles of Confedeartion was the first constitution of America. It was working out well at all, so they got rid of it.
Battle of Camden
1780 - 1781
The Battle of Camden was a major win for the British. It was fought in Camden, SC between the British and Americans.
Battle of Kings Mountain
1780 - 1781
The Battle of Kings Mountain was an American victory over the British. It was the battle that drove the British out of South Carolina
Battle of Cowpens
1781 - 1782
The Battle of Cowpens was known as the turning point in the war for the Americans. It was during the later part of the war.
Battle of Eutaw Springs
1781 - 1782
The Battle of Eutaw Springs was in 1781 and the Americans won. They drove the British out of the Southern states after this battle.
1787 - 1861
The 3/5 Compromise was an agreement between Southern and Northern states. This agreement counted 3/5 of the slave population was represented in Congress. The north didn't like this because it gave them less representation.
1787 - 1788
This compromise let the Government tax imports, but not exports.
1787 - 1788
The Great Compromise made what is known as the bicameral legislature. It split the legislature branch into the Senate and the House of Representatives so that all states could get equal representation.
1788 - 1789
The constitution was written to replace the Articles of Confederation. It was written to establish a better government.
Eli Whitney created the cotton gin to get rid of slavery by stopping the slaves from hand-picking cotton.
1807 - 1809
The Embargo Act prevented American ships from trading with foreign countries.
The War of 1812
1812 - 1815
The War of 1812 was between America and Great Britain. Great Britain at the time had the best naval force in the world.
William T. Sherman
1820 - 1891
William T. Sherman was one of the greatest military leaders in history. He was a leader in the Civil War and came up with "Total War".
Denmark Vesey Plot
1822 - 1823
Denmark Vesey plotted a slave rebellion in Charleston and recruited over 1000 slaves.
1830 - 1870
The purpose of the abolitionist movement was to free all slaves and to end slavery for good.
1832 - 1833
The Nuliification Controversy was between Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun. Their biggest disagreement that started the Nullification Controversy was protective tariffs.
1839 - 1915
Robert Smalls was a slave who escaped with his family from Charleston Harbour.
1854 - 1855
The Kansas-Nebraska Act created new territories in Kansas and Nebraska and let popular sovereignty decide whether the territory allowed slavery or not. It led to the Civil War.
Dred Scott Decision
1857 - 1858
Dred Scott came before a judge and said he wanted his freedom and they didn't grant it. This proved that people didn't think f slaves anything more than dirt.
Election of 1860
1860 - 1865
In the Election of 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected president and became the first Republican president.
1860 - 1865
Secessionists were the people in the southern states that seceded.
1861 - 1865
The Civil War was the war between the Northern and Southern states of America over slavery.
Creation of the Confederate States of America
1861 - 1865
Southern states seceded from America, creating the Confederate States of America.
1861 - 1862
Fort Sumter was the first battle of the Civil War. The South attacked the fort, which belonged to the North.
1861 - 1862
The Battle of Port Royal was fought near Port Royal sound nd was a major victory for the Union
William T. Sherman made a march from Atlanta to Savannah and used what is known as today "total war". The purpose of "total war" is to weaken the southern soldiers' will to fight.
1865 - 1866
While in Ford's Theater, John Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln in the head. Lincoln died the next morning.