SC State History

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Eastern Woodland Indians

800 BC - 800 AD

The Eastern Woodland Indians were a group of different tribes that lived in forests/woodlands near the Mississippi River. The tribes the made it up were the Iroquois, Cherokee, Powhatan, Mohawks, and the Susquehanna.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1799

An economic system developed to increase the wealth of the nation by strict government laws. It balanced trade, agriculture, manufactures, and foreign trading.

Sam Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon came from Spain and established the colony known as Sam Miguel de Gualdape. It only lasted a year because of hunger, diseases, and conflicts between the black and American Indians.

Triangle Slave Trade

1550 - 1899

The Triangle Slave Trade was a passage from Africa to America that carried slaves. It was part of the Triangle Trade that traded raw materials, manufactured products, and then slaves. Most slaves died on the trip there because it was a terrible ride to America.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1763

The first settlers came to Jamestown and established the first lasting colony in America. After this, more settlers came and by 1763, there were 13 colonies.

Proprietary Colony

1664 - 1719

South Carolina became a Proprietary Colony for one main reason. They wanted to make more money by establishing this type of colony.

Plantation System

1699 - 1834

Plantation System was the division of property into smaller sections under private property.

Cotton Trade

1700 - 1701

The cotton trade started to pick up in 1700 and is still in use today.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1700 - 1800

In the early 18th century, rice and indigo became a major crop. Due to the increase in slaves, the production of the crops went up and so did the demand for them.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

The Yemassee indians attacked the colonists in 1715 . They attacked because the colonists were treating the Indians unfairly and abusing their trade, etc.

Royal Colony

1729 - 1783

South Carolina switched from a Proprietary Colony to a Royal Colony. They switched to a Royal Colony because they weren't getting enough protection.

Stono Rebellion

1739 - 1740

The Stono Rebellion was the largest revolt in Colonial America. Groups of slaves escaped, armed themselves, and killed slave owners and eventually, they were caught and most were killed.

Slave Codes

1750 - 1865

Slave codes were laws set for slaves that they must follow and if they didn't, they were punished.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The British were fighting against the French about territory in North America. The French had Indian allies and eventually, it ended with the treaty of Paris and the British won.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The Cherokee War was between the British and the Cherokee Indians during the French and Indian War. They were originally allies, but they both suspected the other was betraying them.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

The British put a tax in sugar, coffee and wine to make more money and also because a lot of people bought these common items. It started the phrase, "no taxation without representation."

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1783

The sons of liberty were a group of people who rebelled against British taxes. They kept organizing resistance movements until the end of the American Revolution.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

A group of people that tried to effect government changes. It was established in South Carolina to restore order and law.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

The British put a tax on all paper products. They did this because the Sugar Act wasn't working too well at all.

Tea Act

1773 - 1778

The Tea Act was Britain's way to save the British East India Company and to regain control of tea trade. This allowed Americans to buy tea from only that company.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The American Revolution started in 1775 because of tensions between Great Britain and America. The first battle was the Battle of Lexington and Concord

Declaration of Independence

1776 - 1777

The Declaration of Independence was written to gain and declare America's independence from Great Britain. Five men were chosen to write it: Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Livingston, and Roger Sherman

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776 - 1777

South Caolina made its own Constitution in order to gain independence from Great Britain. They did this prior to the Constitutional Convention.

Articles of Confedeartion

1777 - 1783

The Articles of Confedeartion was the first constitution of America. It was working out well at all, so they got rid of it.

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781

The Battle of Camden was a major win for the British. It was fought in Camden, SC between the British and Americans.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780 - 1781

The Battle of Kings Mountain was an American victory over the British. It was the battle that drove the British out of South Carolina

Battle of Cowpens

1781 - 1782

The Battle of Cowpens was known as the turning point in the war for the Americans. It was during the later part of the war.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781 - 1782

The Battle of Eutaw Springs was in 1781 and the Americans won. They drove the British out of the Southern states after this battle.

Commerce Compromise

1787 - 1788

This compromise let the Government tax imports, but not exports.

3/5 Compromise

1787 - 1861

The 3/5 Compromise was an agreement between Southern and Northern states. This agreement counted 3/5 of the slave population was represented in Congress. The north didn't like this because it gave them less representation.

Great Compromise

1787 - 1788

The Great Compromise made what is known as the bicameral legislature. It split the legislature branch into the Senate and the House of Representatives so that all states could get equal representation.

Constitution

1788 - 1789

The constitution was written to replace the Articles of Confederation. It was written to establish a better government.

Cotton Gin

1794

Eli Whitney created the cotton gin to get rid of slavery by stopping the slaves from hand-picking cotton.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

The Embargo Act prevented American ships from trading with foreign countries.

The War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The War of 1812 was between America and Great Britain. Great Britain at the time had the best naval force in the world.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

William T. Sherman was one of the greatest military leaders in history. He was a leader in the Civil War and came up with "Total War".

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822 - 1823

Denmark Vesey plotted a slave rebellion in Charleston and recruited over 1000 slaves.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

The purpose of the abolitionist movement was to free all slaves and to end slavery for good.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

The Nuliification Controversy was between Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun. Their biggest disagreement that started the Nullification Controversy was protective tariffs.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls was a slave who escaped with his family from Charleston Harbour.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854 - 1855

The Kansas-Nebraska Act created new territories in Kansas and Nebraska and let popular sovereignty decide whether the territory allowed slavery or not. It led to the Civil War.

Dred Scott Decision

1857 - 1858

Dred Scott came before a judge and said he wanted his freedom and they didn't grant it. This proved that people didn't think f slaves anything more than dirt.

Secessionist

1860 - 1865

Secessionists were the people in the southern states that seceded.

Election of 1860

1860 - 1865

In the Election of 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected president and became the first Republican president.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The Civil War was the war between the Northern and Southern states of America over slavery.

Fort Sumter

1861 - 1862

Fort Sumter was the first battle of the Civil War. The South attacked the fort, which belonged to the North.

Port Royal

1861 - 1862

The Battle of Port Royal was fought near Port Royal sound nd was a major victory for the Union

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

Southern states seceded from America, creating the Confederate States of America.

Total War

1864

William T. Sherman made a march from Atlanta to Savannah and used what is known as today "total war". The purpose of "total war" is to weaken the southern soldiers' will to fight.

Lincoln's Assasination

1865 - 1866

While in Ford's Theater, John Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln in the head. Lincoln died the next morning.