SC History Timeline

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

Native Americans that lived in the South.

Plantation System

1500 - 1863

The arrangement of the land into smaller units under private ownership wa known as the plantation system. Crops grown on plantations were tobacco, rice, sugar cane and cotton . Slaves worked from sunrise to sundown.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

Trading system that carried slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between West Africa, Caribbean or American colonies and the European colonial powers, with the northern colonies of British North America.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1700

The economic beliefs that government control of foreign trade is more important for ensuring the military security of the country.Took control of the Western European economic policy & communicated from later 16th to late-18th centuries.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

The first European settlement inside what is now United States territoy, founded by Spaniard Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón in 1526. It was only suppost to last 3 months of winter before being abandoned, ended up being abandoned in early 1527.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

Some of the colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America founded between 1607 (Virginia) and 1733 (Georgia) by a variety of interests from England. The colonies were: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

Slave Codes

1650 - 1712

Slave codes were laws in each US state, which defined the status of slaves and the rights of masters. These codes gave slave-owners absolute power over the African slaves.

Proprietary Colony

1660 - 1690

A colony or type of settlement in which one or more individuals usually land owners still subject to their parent states penalty continued rights that are today considered as the privilege of the state, and in all cases eventually became so too.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1730

Major cash crop grown in South Carolina

Royal Colony

1712 - 1715

Colony ruled by officials.

Yemasee War

1715 - 1717

War between British settlers of Colonial South Carolina and multiple Native American Indian Tribes. Some of the tribes were: the Yamasee, Muscogee, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Catawba, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Yuchi, Savannah River Shawnee, Congaree, Waxhaw, Pee Dee, Cape Fear, Cheraw, and others.

Stono Rebellion

September 9, 1739

Was a slave rebellion that started on September 1739, in the colony of South Carolina. It was the largest slave rebellion in the British mainland colonies before the American Revolution.

French & Indian War

1754 - 1763

North American war between France and Great Britain.

Cotton Trade

1757 - 1829

Trade started in Liverpool,England was a newspaper advertisement for an auction of 28 bags of Jamaican cotton in 1759 later on England started trading with other countries.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The war was a disagreement between British forces in North America and Cherokee Indian tribes during the French and Indian War

3/5 Compromise

1763 - 1787

Stated that a slave would count as 3/5 of a person in terms of both taxation and representation. It was called a compromise because it settled the ongoing arguments over regional power between the North and South.

Sugar Act

1764

Was a tax act passed by the Parliament of Great Britain on April 5, 1764

Stamp Act

April 5 1764

Act of the British Parliament in 1764that stopped income from the American colonies by passing a stamp duty on newspapers and legal & commercial documents.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

Place for two groups one in South Carolina, the other in North Carolina, that tried to cause governmental changes in the 1760s

Sons of Liberty

1765

Group made up of American Patriots.Was created to protect the rights of the colonists and to take to the streets against the taxes by the British government.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1767 - 1782

African-Caribbean most famous for planning a slave rebellion in the United States,was enslaved in the Caribbean before being brought to the United States. After purchasing his freedom, he planned what would have been one of the largest slave rebellions in the United States.

Tea Act

1773

Act to reduce the large amount of tea.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

war between Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies but turned into a world war between Britain on one side and theUnited States, France, Netherlands and Spain on the other. U.S. won.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

March 26,1776

One of SCs most important public records adopted 3 months before the Declaration of Independence was signed. Became the first independent government in the colonies.

Declaration of Independence

July 4 1776

Document signed by the congress representatives of the 13 colonies which included Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin & Joh Adams declaring us to be independent.

Articles of Confederation

November 15,1777

Agreement among the 13 founding states that set up the United States of America as a confederation of former states and served as its first constitution.

Battle of Camden

August 16,1780

British forces under General Charles, Lord Cornwallis routed the American forces of Major General Horatio Gates about 10 km (five miles) north of Camden, South Carolina

Battle of Kings Mountain

October 7,1780

Battle between the Patriot and Loyalists. Patriots defeated the loyalists. Battle took place nine miles south of the present-day town of Kings Mountain, North Carolina.

Battle of Cowpens

January 7,1781

Took place in the Southern Campaign of the American Revolution. Turning point of the war in the South, part of events that lead to Patriot victory at Yorktown.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

September 8, 1781

Was a battle of the American Revolutionary War and was the last large battle of the war in the Carolina's.

Commerce Compromise

1787

The compromise allowed the federal government to only tax imports.

Embargo Act

1787

Was a general order to establish the United States Congress.

Great Compromise

1787

The “great compromise,” made a bicameral (two-house) legislature with the states having equal representation in the upper house or senate and the people having proportional representation in the lower house, where all money bills were to originate

Constitution

May 14, 1787

Supreme law of the United States of America.The first three Articles of the Constitution state the rules and separate powers of the three branches of the federal government: a legislature, the bicameral Congress; an executive branch led by the President; and a federal judiciary headed by the Supreme Court.

Cotton Gin

1793 - 1794

Machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, job done by slaves and used hands.

“Total War”

1800 - 1900

War in which a feeling engages in the complete act of fully available resources and population.

Nullification Controversy

1800

Started in early 830s when leaders of South Carolina moved forward to the idea that a state did not have to follow a federal law and could, in effect, “nullify” the law.

Lincoln’s assassination

February 12, 1809 - April 15, 1865

Lincoln was the first American president to be assassinated,though an unsuccessful attempt had been made on Andrew Jackson thirty years before in 1835.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

32 month battle between the United States and the British Empire and their allies which lead to nearby change.

William T. Sherman

February 8, 1820 - February 14, 1891

Served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861-65) earned recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as criticism for the harshness of the “scorched earth” policies that he recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy as well as criticism for the harshness of the “scorched earth” policies that he recognition for his outstanding command of military strategy rules that he served.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

Tried to sucessfully immediate emancipation of all slaves and the ending of racial segregation and discrimination.

Robert Smalls

April 5, 1839 - February 23, 1915

Enslaved African American who during and after the American Civil War, became a ship’s pilot, sea captain, and politician. He freed himself, his crew and their families from slavery on May 13, 1862.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854 - 1860

Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement and had the effect of ending the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing settlers in those territories.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

The trials of Dred Scott were the beginning of a complicated series of events which concluded with a U.S. Supreme Court decision in 1857.

Election of 1860

1860

The deep divisions existed among Americans over the future course of their country and especially over the South’s “peculiar institution” slavery.

Port Royal

1861

Earliest land and sea operations of war.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

The Confederacy recognized members in eleven states that had formally declared secession two additional states with less formal declarations, and one new territory.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The American Civil War, also known as the War between the States or simply the Civil War was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 between the Noth and the South.

Secessionist

1861

A term used to label the Southeners who wanted to seceed from the Union.

Ft Sumter

April 1861

The site where the first Battle of the Civil War took place on April 12 and 13, 1861, in SC.