Made France officially Catholic
Ruled for her sons. Wanted to be a politique but failed due to St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. She was hardcore Catholic
Massacre of Huguenots ordered by Catherine de Medici because they weren't Catholic. The Pope laughed and gave the messenger a bag of gold.
Paris is well worth a mass. Issued Edict of Nantes. Was Politique because he allowed Huguenots live in France. Died when he got stabbed multiple times by a religious zealot.
Richelieu ruled during his reign. He made French Academy. Controlled the Nobles, Fought Hapsburgs and limited Huguenot power
I am the State. Went to random Wars, killed Huguenots, Kept Nobles at Versailles.
All other countries were against Spain and France Uniting. Spance lost!
Madame de Pompodore. Rococo
I will defend your right to say it. Church is stupid
Separation of powers
Austria v Prussia.
Austrias allies: FRance and Russia
Treaty of Paris 1763
General will most important. People/ children learn through experience.
Posh. Marie Antoinette spent flipping great wads of cash. Executed for treason against revolution
France helped americans to weaken british. Bankrupted France
National Convention became 1st republic. CoPS kill "enemies of the revolutions" and thermidorian reaction was a revolt against the revolutions excessive killings
Concordat gave napoleon more power. Napoleonic was a govt code that was very liberal. Restricted trade, aimed against britain. Parts were: France, satellite states and those part of continental system. Peninsular war agianst span. SPanish ulcer. Invasion of russia was a disaster. After first exile napoleon returned for hundred days. Finally defeated at Waterloo
Conservative. July ordinances limited peoples rights. People revolted
Grandson of Louis XV. Charter of 1814- Constitution that was created that limited power of French Monarchy
Balance of Power, War Reparations and Return of Conservative Monarchs. Talleyrand Treated well in first and worse in second
Against Charles X. Caused his abdication
called the July King and his reign was known as the “July Monarchy or the July Monarchy. How was he different? Ignored the demands of people and that caused the February rebellion
Republic, Napoleon the third was prez, All males can vote. SOCIALISM
Against Louis Philippe
Poverty, turns into Socialism
Invented the printing press
Said people were saved through their faith to god. Everyone should be able to read the bible. Conservative on government
The Universal Monarch. Inherited Land. Gave his land to son and brother
Attempt to make Luther recant. Luther doesn't recant and is named a heretic
Peasants applied Luthers beliefs on religion to social/govt issues. Luther reacted strongly against the revolt because he was a social conservative
Protestant trade league vs. Catholic Princes. Ended in Peace of Augsburg
Everyone vs. HRE. You can be Catholic, Lutheran or Calvinist. Dutch are independent. France Was extremely anti HRE
Netherlands Free. Can be Catholic, Lutheran or Calvinist
You can be Catholic or Lutheran. Cuius regies, ehius regio
Balance of Power, War Reparations and Return of Conservative Monarchs
Soldier king due to Potsdam Giant.
True Enlightened despot. Made many refroms
Maria Teresa and everyone vs everyone else. MT won and got Silesia
didnt endorse pragmatic sanction. Was enlightened reformer
Mother was Maria Theresa. One of the greatest enlightened despots. Josephism
Concert of Europe. Balance of power after Cong of Vienna. Hates Liberals. Carlsbad decree limits peoples power, adds censorship.
Philosopher. History is conflict
First Freely elected Parliament in Germany. Wanted Friedrich Wilhelm IV. FW4 wouldnt accept
People wanted liberalism such as the stuff Napoleon gave them.
Formed into City States
Lorenzo de Medici, Il magnifico. Had flipping great wads of cash
Humans have choices in life
Was an Italian General who tried to unify Italy. Admired by Machiavelli because he tried to unite Italy.
Ruler of Florence
Threw Medici out of Florence. Tried to start theocracy. Hated Alexander IV
Be a well rounded man. Renaissance Man
He said the earth revolved around the sun
No torture or death penalty
Re-establishment of monarchs. Pay war reparations. Balance of Power
Unification of Italy. Young Italy, Sardinians and Neo Guelfs
Groups could not unify themselves
Lead young italy. Wanted to unify