Untitled timeline

Main

France

Concordat of Bologna

01/01/1516 - 12/31/1516

Made France officially Catholic

Catherine de Medici

01/01/1559 - 12/31/1589

Ruled for her sons. Wanted to be a politique but failed due to St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. She was hardcore Catholic

St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre

1/1/1572 - 12/31/1572

Massacre of Huguenots ordered by Catherine de Medici because they weren't Catholic. The Pope laughed and gave the messenger a bag of gold.

Henry IV

1/1/1589 - 12/31/1610

Paris is well worth a mass. Issued Edict of Nantes. Was Politique because he allowed Huguenots live in France. Died when he got stabbed multiple times by a religious zealot.

Louis XIII/Richelieu

12/1/1610 - 12/1/1643

Richelieu ruled during his reign. He made French Academy. Controlled the Nobles, Fought Hapsburgs and limited Huguenot power

LouisXIV

12/1/1643 - 12/1/1715

I am the State. Went to random Wars, killed Huguenots, Kept Nobles at Versailles.

War of Spanish Succession

1/1/1702 - 12/31/1713

All other countries were against Spain and France Uniting. Spance lost!

Louis XV

12/1/1715 - 12/1/1774

Madame de Pompodore. Rococo

Montesquieu

1/1/1748 - 12/31/1748

Separation of powers

Voltarie

1/1/1748 - 12/31/1759

I will defend your right to say it. Church is stupid

Seven Years War

1/1/1756 - 12/31/1763

Austria v Prussia.
Austrias allies: FRance and Russia
Prussias allies:Britain
Treaty of Paris 1763

Rousseau

1/1/1762 - 12/31/1762

General will most important. People/ children learn through experience.

Louis XVI

1774 - 1792

Posh. Marie Antoinette spent flipping great wads of cash. Executed for treason against revolution

American Revolution

1776 - 1783

France helped americans to weaken british. Bankrupted France

National Assembly

1789 - 1791

1st French Republic

1792 - 1795

National Convention became 1st republic. CoPS kill "enemies of the revolutions" and thermidorian reaction was a revolt against the revolutions excessive killings

Directory, Oligarchy

1795 - 1799

Napoleon

1799 - 1815

Concordat gave napoleon more power. Napoleonic was a govt code that was very liberal. Restricted trade, aimed against britain. Parts were: France, satellite states and those part of continental system. Peninsular war agianst span. SPanish ulcer. Invasion of russia was a disaster. After first exile napoleon returned for hundred days. Finally defeated at Waterloo

Louis XVIII

1814 - 1824

Grandson of Louis XV. Charter of 1814- Constitution that was created that limited power of French Monarchy

Charles X

1814 - 1830

Conservative. July ordinances limited peoples rights. People revolted

Congress of Vienna

1815 - 1820

Balance of Power, War Reparations and Return of Conservative Monarchs. Talleyrand Treated well in first and worse in second

Louis Philippe

1830 - 1848

called the July King and his reign was known as the “July Monarchy or the July Monarchy. How was he different? Ignored the demands of people and that caused the February rebellion

July Revolutions

1830

Against Charles X. Caused his abdication

2nd French Republic

1848 - 1852

Republic, Napoleon the third was prez, All males can vote. SOCIALISM

February Revolt

2/1848

Against Louis Philippe

Provisional Government

6/1848

Poverty, turns into Socialism

Holy Roman Empire

Gutt

1/1/1465 - 12/31/1465

Invented the printing press

Luther

1/1/1517 - 12/31/1517

Said people were saved through their faith to god. Everyone should be able to read the bible. Conservative on government

Charles V

1/1/1519 - 12/31/1556


The Universal Monarch. Inherited Land. Gave his land to son and brother

Diet of Worms

1/1/1521 - 12/31/1521

Attempt to make Luther recant. Luther doesn't recant and is named a heretic

German Peasants Revolt

1/1/1525 - 12/31/1525

Peasants applied Luthers beliefs on religion to social/govt issues. Luther reacted strongly against the revolt because he was a social conservative

Schmalkaldic War

1546 - 1548

Protestant trade league vs. Catholic Princes. Ended in Peace of Augsburg

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Everyone vs. HRE. You can be Catholic, Lutheran or Calvinist. Dutch are independent. France Was extremely anti HRE

Peace of Augsburg

1/1/1648 - 12/31/1648

You can be Catholic or Lutheran. Cuius regies, ehius regio

Peace of Westaphalia

1/1/1648 - 12/31/1648

Netherlands Free. Can be Catholic, Lutheran or Calvinist

Confederation of the Rhine

1806 - 1815

Congress of Vienna

1815 - 1820

Balance of Power, War Reparations and Return of Conservative Monarchs

Austria

Frederick William I

1713 - 1740

Soldier king due to Potsdam Giant.

Frederick II

1740 - 1786

didnt endorse pragmatic sanction. Was enlightened reformer

War of Austrian Sucession

1740 - 1748

Maria Teresa and everyone vs everyone else. MT won and got Silesia

Maria Theresa

1740 - 1780

True Enlightened despot. Made many refroms

Joseph II

1765 - 1790

Mother was Maria Theresa. One of the greatest enlightened despots. Josephism

Johan Herder

1780 - 1790

German philosopher

Gross deutsch vs. kleine deutsch debate

1810

Metternich

1821 - 1848

Concert of Europe. Balance of power after Cong of Vienna. Hates Liberals. Carlsbad decree limits peoples power, adds censorship.

George Friederick Hegel

1830

Philosopher. History is conflict

1848 Revolts

1848

People wanted liberalism such as the stuff Napoleon gave them.

Frankfurt Assembly

1848

First Freely elected Parliament in Germany. Wanted Friedrich Wilhelm IV. FW4 wouldnt accept

Italia

Early Renaissance

1450 - 1500

Florence

Political Organization of Italy

1450 - 1500

Formed into City States

Prestige of Florence

1460 - 1470

Lorenzo de Medici, Il magnifico. Had flipping great wads of cash

Humanists

1470

Humans have choices in life

Caesare Borgia

1476 - 1507

Was an Italian General who tried to unify Italy. Admired by Machiavelli because he tried to unite Italy.

Lorenzo de Medici

1478 - 1492

Ruler of Florence

Savonarola

1494 - 1498

Threw Medici out of Florence. Tried to start theocracy. Hated Alexander IV

High Renaissance

1500 - 1527

Rome

Machiavelli & The Prince

1513

Be ruthless

Castiglione

1528

Be a well rounded man. Renaissance Man

Galileo

1632

He said the earth revolved around the sun

Caesare Beccaria

1764

No torture or death penalty

Congress of Vienna

1815 - 1820

Re-establishment of monarchs. Pay war reparations. Balance of Power

Risogimento

1825

Unification of Italy. Young Italy, Sardinians and Neo Guelfs

Guiseppi Mazzini

1848

Lead young italy. Wanted to unify

1848

1848

Groups could not unify themselves

Prussia