sc history midterm timeline moe Matthew Tobin

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Eastern woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

Native Americans that lived in South- East of US before European colonists.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

Triangular trade that occurred between Europe, America, and Africa. America traded goods to Europe in exchange for their goods (guns). They then traded European goods for slaves in Africa to trade to America for more American goods.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1500 - 1800

Important cash crops exported from the South to Europe, which helped the growth of slavery

Mercantilism

1500 - 1700

The economic belief that in order to have military security for the country, government needs to control trade.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526

The first European settlement that is now a part of the United States. It was founded by Lucas Vazquez de Allyon.

Plantation System

1600 - 1800

Dividing land into sections to be owned privately, usually used to grow a cash crop and maintained by slaves.

13 colonies

1607 - 1733

The first American territories founded. All in the East of the United States with many on the coast

Royal Colony

1624 - 1776

Also known as a Crown Colony, these were colonies set up by the King.

Slave codes

1650 - 1712

A list of rules for slaves and the rights of their masters. Somewhat of a code of conduct for slave owners.

Proprietary Colony

1660 - 1690

Colonies set up by The Lord Proprieters.

Cotton Trade

1700 - 1800

The trading of cotton. In the 18th to 19th century, the South was a huge provider of cotton that many countries depended upon.

Yemasee War

1715 - 1717

A war between British settlers of South Carolina and Native American Tribes. One of these tribes was the Yamasee.

Stono Rebellion

1739

Biggest slave rebellion in British colonies to happen before the American revolution. also known as Cato's rebellion.

French and Indian War

1756 - 1763

Also called The Seven Years War, it was a war of France and some of the Native Americans against Great Britain. The British won, causing the Treaty of Paris.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

A war between the Native American tribe, Cherokee, and the British in Colonial America. The British won the war.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

The Sugar Act was also known as the American Revenue act and the American Duties Act. It placed taxes on the American colonies' sugar.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

A tax on the American colonies that required a stamp on all documents. The stamp was to be paid for in British currency.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1784

An organisation of American patriots that protected rights of British colonists and opposed Parliament's taxes. They caused the Boston Tea Party.

regulator movement

1765 - 1771

A movement in North and South Carolina, created by the backcountry, to establish a system of courts and justice using regulators. It was made to put an end to corruption in law.

Tea Act

1773 - 1861

An act that helped East India Company export and sell it's tea at a low price to the colonies. This caused the Boston Tea Party

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The revolutionary war is also known as The American Revolutionary War and The American War of Independence. It was a war fought between British colonies and Great Britain itself. It was a war that had to be fought for America to become the independent nation it is today.

Declaration of Independence

1776

A document that declared America it's own nation and country, free from British control.

South Carolina Constitution

1776

Declared South Carolina independent and self-governed.

Articles of Confederation

1777

The first constitution of the United States. Later had to be replaced because it didn't give enough power to federal government.

Battle of Camden

1780

A battle fought in the American Revolutionary War, in South Carolina, that resulted in an American loss. Over 900 American soldiers died, and more than that were captured.

Battle of Cowpens

1780

A battle in The Revolutionary War, in South Carolina, with the end result being a decisive American victory. Over 1,150 British soldiers were either killed, wounded, or captured.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

A battle in The Revolutionary War, in South Carolina, that resulted in a great American victory. Over 1,000 British soldiers were either killed, injured, or captured.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

A battle in The Revolutionary War, in South Carolina, that resulted in a near draw. Almost 600 Americans killed, wounded, captured, or missing. Almost 900 British soldiers killed, captured, wounded prisoners, or wounded.

3/5 compromise

1787

Compromise made in the Philadelphia Convention to count slaves as 3/5 of a person in the House of Representatives.

Commerce Compromise

1787

A compromise achieved during the Constitutional Convention of 1787, that allowed the government to tax imports but not exports.

The Great Compromise

1787

A compromise between big states and small states that created two branches of Congress. The House of Representatives, which used representation based on population, and the Senate, which used two senators for each state regardless of population.

Constitution

1787

Provided new set of rules for government, and replaced the Articles of Confederation.

Cotton Gin

1793

A machine invented by Eli Whitney, it picks seeds from cotton. A job slaves used to do by hand.

the embargo act

1807 - 1809

Forced american merchants to stop trading with the British.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

War resulting from tension with the British and harassment of American trading ships. Ending with a second American victory

William T Sherman

1820 - 1891

General in Union army during the American Civil War.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

It was a plot to free the slaves of Charleston, and kill their owners. Denmark was hung for his plot.

Nullification Controversy

1828 - 1832

Controversy that arose following Andrew Jackson telling states they could no longer nullify a federal law just because the state thought it was unconstitutional.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

A movement set in place by abolitionists to end slavery in America.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Enslaved African that freed himself and his crew. Later, he became a ship pilot and politician.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

This act allowed Kansas and Nebraska to choose if they wanted to be pro-slavery or anti-slavery states.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

This is also known as Dred Scott vs. Stanford. It was the decision made by the Supreme Court that the federal government had no power to ban slavery from territories in the U.S. and that slaves were not citizens, therefore they are not protected under the U.S. constitution.

Election of 1860

1860

The election of our 16th president, Abraham Lincoln.

Fort Sumter

1861

The fort in South Carolina where the first civil war engagement took place

secessionist

1861 - 1865

Someone for secession. In this case, it's secession from the United States of America.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

War fought between the North and the South. Ending in a victory for the North. Also called the War of Northern Aggression.

Creation of Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

Was an independent country formed from many Southern states leaving the United States of America.

Port Royal

1861

A place in South Carolina where one of the earliest amphibious battles of the Civil War occurred.

Total War

1861 - 1865

A type of warfare used in the Civil War to break the will of the South by being more brutal in victories.

Lincoln Assasination

1865

Lincoln was assassinated on April 14, 1865 by John Wilkes Booth.