French get control of own Catholic church
Ruled for 3 incompetent sons. Not a good politique
Killed Hugenots on Henry Navarre's wedding day. Pope was super pumped
Flip flopped between being Protestant and Catholic.
issued Edict of Nantes giving Protestants more religious freedom.
Was politique by showing care for welfare of subject/religious freedoms.
Gave much of power to Cardinal de Richelieu.
Made academy to end feudal noble revolts.
Kept control of the nobles.
France ends up as dominant European power. Starts out as war between Catholics and Protestants but ends being a power struggle between dynasties.
Louis XII's adviser, establishes french academy to help control nobles.
said I am the state. Was poor at ecomomics, things of that nature because he spent all his time entertaining.
fought between several european powers over concerns of united France and Spain under one bourbon monarch
madame de pompadour is famous mistress.
Balance of power, separation of powers. Climate determines type of government.
between France and Great Britain over between colonies and trade empires. Britain won
Said that everyone has freedom of speech, bump the church
thought everyone should be educated.
Wife was Marie Antoinette. french hated her becasue she was austrian and spent too much money. he was beheaded on charges of treason.
France helps Americans to spite Britain, didn't actually do much for them.
established after louis XII. was first government of French Revolution.
Headed by Robespierre, was very aggressive in weeding out "traitors" in France, Reign of Terror had tens of thousands of people beheaded.
Oligarchial government for brief period of French Revolution
Concordat of 1801 puts him in power. Fails in invasion of Russia.
gives religious tolerance and individual freedoms to men, makes it englightened.
put in place to block french controlled territory from trading with Britain. not effective.
War with Spanish Guerillas trying to usurp french power.
put in power after napoleon, though with less power than previous monarchs.
Napoleon returns from exile and rules for 100 days.
Napoleon is defeated in Battle.
headed by Metternich, goals were to get reparations from France for war, balance of power, restoration of legitimate monarchs.
conservative, gave power back to nobles. Ended July revolutions.
King of France after Charles X, voted into power by chamber of deputies. last king of France.
Revolutions that overthrow Charles X
workers revolt over unemployment system but in by 2nd republic.
Ruled by Napoleon II, adopts many ideals of French Revolution.
Invented printing press.
Posted 95 theses which started the Protestant reformation
Holy Roman Emperor, Universal Monarch. Gave Spain to Philip II and Austria to someone else.
Luther put on trial for heresy, he denies that he has done anything wrong.
Peasants revolt against nobility because of oppression. Luther is not happy.
Decided on Catholic rules, issued decrees on what they considered Protestant heresies.
King Charles V vs. protestant forces of Schmalkaldic league. aka Catholic vs. Protestant
ended Schmalkaldic war, allowed princes to decide if their territory would be Lutheran or Catholic.
Formed by Napoleon, 16 German States, was part of 1st French republic
Loose assembly central European states as laid out by Congress of Vienna.
peasant labor tax.
Holy Roman Empire takes back Vienna from besieging Ottoman Turks.
issues Pragmatic Sanction so that his daughter Maria Theresa can succeed him as ruler of HRE.
War over Maria Theresa's rule as a result of Pragmatic Sanction. Spanned over many continents.
educational and labor reforms, decreased robot and serfs
First Ruler in House of Lorraine, brother of Marie Antoinette, proponent of enlightened absolutism.
representative from HRE during congress of vienna, led the negotiations
Series of political revolutions against traditional authority. was first continent wide set of revolutions, but traditional authority won within the year.
Encyclopedia of Philosophical Sciences
History moves forward by actions and reactions
all about conflict
Gross Deutsch- all of Germany united with Austria
Kleine Deutsch- Germany united without Austria