SC History Mid-Term Timeline

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

The Eastern Woodland Indians were Native Americans who lived in the South-East portion of the US.

Merchantilism

1400 - 1700

Is the economic doctrine that government control over trade is better for the security of the country.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

A trade of ships in the Atlantic Ocean that traded slaves, goods, etc.; moved in a triangular shape.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape was a settlement that got abandoned 3 months after it was settled from late 1526 - early 1527.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1782

The 13 English Colonies were the original Unites States of America. But after the American Revolution, we gained our independence and seceded from Britain.

Proprietary Colony in SC

1629 - 1729

The colony was a modern concept of state sovereignty.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1890

In SC, we grew rice and indigo to trade with other countries. But a hurricane in the 1890's finished the run.

Slave Codes

1688 - 1848

Laws in each state that defined the status of slaves and the rights of their masters, giving theme absolute power over their slaves.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

A conflict between multiple Native American tribes and English settlers; Many settlers were killed in the war.

Royal Colony in SC

1729 - 1776

Was a colonial administration of the British Empire.

Cotton Trade

1738

The trading of cotton between countries.

Stono Rebellion

1739

A slave rebellion that lasted for one day, September 9, 1739. The largest slave uprising on British land prior to the American Revolution.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

Conflict between France (joined by Cherokee indians in 1758) and Great Britain. Great amount of damage that led to high taxes.

Plantation System

1758

The system based on agricultural mass production.

The First Cherokee War (Anglo-Cherokee War)

1758 - 1761

Conflict between the Cherokee Indians and Britain between the French & Indian War.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

A revenue-raising act passed on April 5, 1764, and repealed on 1766.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

A North & South Carolina uprising where citizens fought against corrupt colonial officials.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

A revenue-raising act on all things paper.

Tea Act

1773 - 1861

An act made to reduce the surplus of tea.

Sons of Liberty

1773 - 1775

A group of American Patriots best known for undertaking the Boston Tea Party.

American Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

A war between the American Patriots and the British Empire. A war that gave us our freedom.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776 - 1778

South Carolina's first state constitution; would last for about 2 years.

Declaration of Independence

1776

Made on July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence is a document that gave us our freedom.

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1789

Agreement between the 13 states of the USA; served as it's first constitution.

Battle of Camden

1780

Battle above Camden, SC; Major victory for the British.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

Battle took place in York County, SC, 5 miles south of Kings Mountain, NC; Americans won, causing a huge turning point in the war.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

Battle took place in Cowpens, SC; Major victory for the Patriots; Finally pushed British forces out of SC.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

Battle took place in Eutawville, SC; Americans won & last major battle in the Carolinas.

Three-Fifths Compromise

1787

Agreement that slaves count as three-fifths (3/5) of a person.

Commerce Compromise

1787

An agreement on taxes for imports, but not on exports.

Great Compromise

1787

An agreement that each state, large or small, would have it's own legislative structure and representation under the US Constitution.

US Constitution

1787

A document to replace the flawed Articles of Confederation with a new, strong central government.

The Cotton Gin

1793

A mechanism, invented by Eli Whitney, that removes cotton seeds from the cotton.

US Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

An act in which the French and British could not trade with the US so they wouldn't keep attacking the US.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

Another war between the Americans and British; Ironically the war ended in 1815.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

A Union general in the American Civil War who created "Total War".

The Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

A plot created by Vesey to free slaves, but it was heard about and failed as Vesey and other people involved were hanged.

The Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

An anti-slavery movement in America.

The Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

Controversy between President Andrew Jackson and SC Senator John C. Calhoun on wheather or not a state could nullify federal law.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

A slave-turned-politician who freed his family by taking over a ship in Charleston, and even convinced Lincoln to let blacks fight for the Union.

The Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

An act that opened up the territories of Kansas and Nebraska.

The Dred Scott Decision

1857

A decision among people wheather or not Dred Scott remain a slave or become a free man.

Election of 1860

1860

Abraham Lincoln won the presidential election of 1860, wanting to end slavery. This made the south secede from the US.

Secessionist

1860

A person withdrawing from an organization, union, or a political party.

The American Civil War

1861 - 1865

A war between the North (the USA) and the South (the CSA) of America. Caused by the South not giving up slavery and seceding from the North. Bloodiest war in American history.

Battle of Fort Sumter

1861

First battle sparking the American Civil War. Surprisingly no casualties from the bombing on the fort.

Battle of Port Royal

1861

One of the earliest amphibious operations of the American Civil War. Union won.

The CSA (Confederate States of America)

1861 - 1865

The country that the south of the USA created to be their own country and keep slavery intact.

Total War (Scorched Eath)

1864

A method used to destroy the South's food supply and ammunition.

Lincoln's Assassination

1865

On April 15, 1865, Abraham Lincoln was shot in the back of the head at an opera house by John Wilkes Booth.