US History

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

The Native Americans who lived in the Eastern United States before the Europeans

Mercantilism

1500 - 1800

The economic nationalism to become more wealthy and powerful. The British mother country forced this policy unto us.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

The Americans would trade raw materials to the Europeans. the Europeans trade Manufactured goods(guns) to Africa. And slaves would be shipped from Africa to America.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

The first settlement in what is now the USA. It was abandoned after 3 months.

13 English Colonies!

1607 - 1733

The first 13 colonies that the English set up in America. These colonies would later become the United States of America

Proprietary Colony

1664 - 1719

Proprietary colonies were colonies started by investors. South Carolina was a proprietary colony when it began but wanted to be a royal colony

Abolitionist movement

1688 - 1865

The abolitionist movement was the banishing of slavery in America. The abolitionists were against slavery.

Rice and Indigo trade

1700 - 1900

Rice and Indigo were an important part of south carolinas economy. Rice became one of our major cash crops and South Carolina became famous for its indigo

Plantation System

1700 - 1860

The plantation system lasted until the civil war. Many black slaves were brought from Africa to work on these plantations.

Total war

1700 - 2013

The war not just against an army but against a country's supplies and property.

Slave codes

1712 - 1860

Slave codes were created to keep slaves under control. Slave codes were harsh and unfair.

Yemassee war

1715 - 1717

The yemassee war was a conflict between the English settlers and many native tribes. The most famous tribes were the Yemassee and Cherokee

Royal colony

1729 - 1776

Royal colonies were colonies ruled by the king. While the king was not actually in the colony, he promised his protection, which is what South Carolina wanted

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The war between the English and French. The Indians helped the French and the Americans helped the English.

Cherokee war

1758 - 1761

During the French and Indian war, the English and Cherokees were allies but conflict came up and hostilities started

Sugar act

1764 - 1766

The English government's genius idea to tax sugar

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1776

A group of patriots who fought for the citizens rights. They organized many acts including the Boston tea party

Stamp act

1765 - 1766

The English tax over stamps newspapers magazines and many other papers.

Regulator movement

1765 - 1771

The lower class citizens did not like the greedy government officials, so they formed the regulator moment to create an honest government

Denmark Vesey plot

1767 - 1822

Denmark vesey, a freed slave, tried to lead a slave uprising, but was caught and captured.

Tea act

1773 - 1776

The English taxation of tea and other products. This lead to the Boston tea party and then the revolutionary war

South Carolina constitution 1776

1776 - 1778

The first constitution of South Carolina. This constitution held South Carolina together during the revolutionary war

Declaration of indepence

1776

The unanimous declaration from the 13 colonies stating our indepence from Britain. This lead to the revolutionary war.

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1789

The first constitution of America. Was not strong enough and was replaced.

Battle of King's Mountain

1780

The patriot militia defeated the loyalist militia. A huge victory for the patriots morale.

Battle of Camden

1780

British general Cornwallis against major general Horatio Gates. It was a huge defeat for the Americans who made the mistake of fighting the British in open battle

Battle of Cowpens

1781

The continental forces beat the British troops. The turning point for the conquest in the south

Battle of Eutaw springs

1781

The last major battle in the carolinas, which resulted in a victory for the americans

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1782

The last major battle in the Carolinas, which resulted in a victory for the Americans

Us constitution

1787

The us constitution was created in 1787 and ratified in1788. It received 39 out of 55 signatures

3/5 Compromise

1787 - 1865

Slaves counted as 3/5 of a person. This compromise was reached at the Philadelphia convention.

The great compromise

1787

The small states wanted equal representation, but the large states wanted representation based on population, so they came up with this

Cotton gin

1793

The cotton gin increased cotton production. This also increased slavery which led to civil war

Stono Rebellion

1793

The Stono rebellion was the largest slave rebellion in the English colonies befor the revolution. 60 armed slaves marched to the stono river before being suppressed by the militia

Cotton trade

1800 - 1860

Cotton was one of the main exports from the south. Cotton was responsible for much of the south's economy.

Embargo act

1807 - 1810

The us would not trade with France or England during their war with Napoleon. This act forbid trade with foreign countries.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The war was between the British and the Americans. The British kept attacking the Americans ships that were trading so the war of 1812 started. The star spangled banner was written in this war

Nullification act

1832

The states did not like the way the president was leading so they ignored him with this act

Kansas Nebraska Act

1854

Kansas and Nebreska just opened up for settlement, and congress allows popular sovreignty for slavery there.

Dred Scott Descision

1857

The descision says Scott, an African, is noot a citizen, so he has no rights.

1860 Election

1860

The Election of Abraham Lincoln. This was followed by the splitting of the country.

William Tecumseh Sherman

1861 - 1865

Sherman, was an american general in the Civil War. He used total war on the south and destroyed everything in his path.

Confederate states

1861 - 1865

The southern states came together to form their own country. The states included : Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennesse, Louisianna, Texas, Arkansas, Florida.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The war in america between the north and the south over different beliefs and ideas.

Ft Sumter

1861

Before the Civil war, the south was taking over forts, the last was ft Sumter, who would not leave. The south fired on them and the Civil war started.

Port royal

1861

The largest amphibious invasion until D DAY

Secessionist

1861

Anyone or any group that seperates or breaks away from something.

Robert Smalls

1862

Robert Smalls was a slave who comandeered a confederate ship through a blockade to the union, and gave them many battle plans of the south.

Lincoln's assassination

1865

After the Civil War, John Wilkes Booth shot and killed president Lincoln.