Midterm timeline- Vinny

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

The native Americans who lived in the southeastern portion of the United States before the Europeans came

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

Triangular trade that carried crops, slaves and manufactured goods between African, Caribbean, or American colonies and Europe.

Mercantilism

1500 - 1700

Belief that the government should control foreign trade to ensure military security. Tariffs are a common feature of this belief.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

The first European settlement in the United States founded by Lucas Vásquez de Allyón. It only lasted for the 3 winter months. It was then abandoned.

Royal colony

1600 - 1776

A colony governed by the crown through representatives selected by it.

13 English colonies

1607 - 1733

The original English colonies on the Atlantic Ocean formed for a multitude of purposes such as religious freedom or money.

Proprietary colony

1660 - 1690

A colony given to a proprietor to supervise and develop.

Plantation System

1700 - 1800

European settlers started growing crops like cotton and rice. Slaves picked the crops so they could be sold for a profit.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1700 - 1890

The large amount of slaves made growing rice and indigo profitable. The Tidal swamps of South Carolina were well suited for rice.

Slave Codes

1705 - 1800

A set of rules that stated how Slaves were to be treated and what freedoms they had or did not have.

Yemassee war

1715 - 1717

A war against the colonists of South Carolina and the local Native American tribes, including the yemassee and the Cherokee.

Stono Rebellion

9 September 1739

A slave rebellion that took place in South Carolina led by Jemmy. It was the largest uprising before the Revolutionary War.

French and Indian war

1754 - 1763

The war fought between Britain against the French and native Americans.

Cherokee war

1758 - 1761

War between the British and the Cherokee native Americans. Both parties used to be allies, but were suspicious of each other and fought.

Sugar act

5 April 1764 - 1766

This act lowered the tax on molasses and imposed a tax on many other foreign goods, such as coffee and wines.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1783

The sons of liberty was an organization established to resist British rule and laws. They were responsible for the Boston Tea Party.

Regulator movement

1765 - 1771

North and South Carolinians fought against corrupt officials

Stamp act

22 March 1765 - 17 March 1766

This act placed a tax on many printed materials such as magazines and newspapers.

Tea act

10 May 1773 - 1861

This act allowed the east India company to ship tea to the colonies and sell it, with tax. This would hurt colonial businesses.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The war between America and Britain for independence

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

3/26/1776 - 1778

South Carolina adopts a state constitution and becomes an independent government

Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776

The document that announced the freedom of the United States from Britain.

Battle of Camden

8/16/1780

Fought between the loyalists and the patriots. British won and were close to taking control of SC

Battle of King's Mountain

10/07/1780

Loyalists vs. Patriots. Americans won. Turning point in the war.

Articles of Confederation

1781 - 1789

Document that defines the government. before constitution

Battle of Cowpens

1/17/1781

British loyalists vs. patriots. Americans won. Lord Cornwallis left SC and did not threaten them again.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

9/08/1781

Last major battle in SC

3/5 Compromise

1787

Agreement between north and south to count each slave as 3/5 of a person for representational purposes

Great Compromise

1787

An agreement made by the delegates at the Constitutional Convention that the government would have a bicameral congress, consisting of the senate with equal representation and the House of Representatives with population based representation.

Constitution

1787

Document that defines the government as having a separation of power into 3 branches. The main law of the US

Commerce Compromise

1787

An agreement between the south and the north to tax imports, but not exports.

Cotton Gin

1794 - 1860

A machine made by Eli Whitney to quickly and easily remove seeds from cotton. This device led to the wide institutionalization of slavery.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

A law that forbid any exports to foreign countries and any foreig imports.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

US declared war on Britain because it was harassing US ships. Nobody won this war.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

A union general. Used the Total war strategy.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

A plot to get slaves to revolt against their masters. The information was leaked and Denmark Vesey was hung.

Abolitioinist movement

1830 - 1870

the purpose was to abolish slavery and the discrimination of Africans

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

Andrew Jackson wanted to impose a tariff on the states, but the claimed they had a right to nullify a law and they did not follow it.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

A slave who freed himself and his family by commandeering a Confederate ship and turning it over to the Union. He became a ship captain and a politician and supported public education.

Total War

1850

A military tactic which involves completely destroying everything in order to demoralize people.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854 - 1867

A bill in which the territories of Kansas and Nebraska were estalished

Dred Scott Decision

1857

This decision concluded that the federal government could not regulate slavery in territories and that slaves were not protected by the Constitution.

Election of 1860

1860

Abraham Lincoln was elected into office.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

Many Southern States seceded from the US including SC, GA and others

Total War

1861 - 1865

A war tactic that involves completely destroying enemy land and supplies to demoralize the people

Secessionist

1861 - 1865

Person who supported leaving the Union.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The war between the Northern U.S. and southern U.S.

Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861

Fort in SC. The battle took place soon after SC departed from the union.

Port Royal

11/3/1861 - 11/7/1861

One of the first amphibious operations of the Civil War. This battle took place in the port royal sound in SC.

Lincoln's assassination

4/14/1865

Lincoln was killed by John Wilkes Booth in the Ford's Theatre.