Midterm Interactive Timeline

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

The eastern woodland Indians were the native Americans who lived in the southeastern part of the United States

Mercantilism

1500 - 1700

Definition is: an important foreign trade and it demands a balance of trade earning the balance of trade earning the difference in value between imports and exports

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

Africa traded slaves with America, they used the slaves to make crops which they sent to Europe. Then Europe traded crops with Africa to get them to give slaves to America. The slaves were sent in small cramped ships

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

In 1526 Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon, was the founder of San Miguel de Gualdape. When he died a year later on October 18, 1526 war broke out over who would be the leader. During which the slaves revolted and fled the colony to live among local Native Americans.

Plantation System

1600

The plantation system was a huge peice of land in which a master lives in the main house with his family, and had slaves work in the feilds

Royal colony

1600

This is when colony is ruled by another country, like the 13 colonies

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

Europeans explored the new world and created the 13 colonies. First thanksgiving happened in 1620

Proprietary Colony

1663 - 1729

Defintion:
Any of certain early North American colonies, such as Carolina and Pennsylvania, organized in the 17th century in territories granted by the English Crown to one or more proprietors who had full governing rights.

Rice and indigo trade

1698 - 1770

Rice and indigo were the most popular crops grown in s.c. And traded between colonies and England

Slave Codes

1712

Laws in each state of the US which defined the status of slaves and the rights of their masters. These codes gave slaveowners absolute power over the slaves

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

This war was between the British colonists and the Native Americans. South Carolina colonists establish uncontested control of the coast after The war.

Stono Rebellion

1739

On Sunday, September 9, 1739 slaves met to plan their escape to freedom. Then they burst into Hutcheson's store at Stono's bridge, killed the two storekeepers, and stole the guns and powder inside. The group of slaves grew in number as they headed south. The militia brought them to a stop killing everyone except 30 people

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The war was fought between the colonies of British America and New France, with both sides supported by military units from their parent countries of Great Britain and France.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

This war was between the Americans and the Cherokee Indians when think each other were being betrayed.

Sugar Act

1763 - 1776

This act was the the increase on revenue prices and was an indirect tax on sugar (molasses etc)

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

This was a North and South Carolina uprising in which citizens took up arms against corrupt colonial officials

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

The Stamp Act 1765 put a direct tax on the colonists, and it required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying a revenue stamp

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1766

This was a group of American patriots who was formed to protect the rights of citizens. They are known for starting the Boston Tea Party

Tea Act

1773

The purpose of this act was to reduce the surplus of tea held in Britain. Because they were in a lot of dept so they over priced the tea. Later resulting in the Boston Tea Party.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

This war was fought to get Amercian's there freedom

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

Major laws:
1:That the style of this country be hereafter the State of South Carolina.
2. 2 senates per state, and representatives by population.

Declaration of Independence

1776

This was the document telling Britain we are separating and getting our freedom. July 4th, 1776

Articles of Confederation

1777

An agreement among the 13 states of America to establish themselves as not a part of britain

Battle of Camden

August 16 1780

This battle was a failure to the Americans but a great victory for British. Even though the colonists outnumbered them 2 to1

Battle of Kings Mountain

October 7, 1780

This was a major win for the patriots after the British leader died the rest surrender but were killed in cold blood

Battle of Cowpens

1781

The American militia stood on the frontline when they ran back the trained patriots took over and won the battle

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

This was a great victory for the confederates, after taking British supplies the confederates overtook the british

The Great Compromise

1787

An agreement between the states to have a duel congress. The senate, and the house of representatives

3/5 Compromise

1787

That every five slaves counts for 3 people

Commerce Compromise

August 29, 1787

Constitution allows tax imports but not exports

Constitution

1788

The document stating our freedom from britain

Cotton Trade

1793 - 1860

With the help of the cotton gin, cotton was at an all time high during this time.

Cotton Gin

March 14, 1794

This was an invention made by Eli Whitney that picks the seeds out of cotton.

Embargo Act

1807

The embargo was imposed in response to violations of US neutrality in which American merchantmen and their cargo were seized because of the war between the French and British navies

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

In the War of 1812, the United States took on the greatest naval power in the world, the cause was the restriction of US trade

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

Slaves were going to revolt against their masters but owed got out and it failed

Abolitionist Movement

1830

Movement to end slavery and free the blacks

Nullification Controversy

1830

The Nullification Crisis arose in the early 1830s when leaders of South Carolina advanced the idea that a state did not have to follow a federal law and could, in effect, "nullify" the law

Kansas and Nebraska act

1854

Created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska

Dred Scott Decision

March 6, 1857

The decision declared that Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in the federal territories, thereby striking a severe blow at the legitimacy of the emerging Republican party and intensifying the sectional conflict over slavery

Election of 1860

1860

This election set the stage for the Civil War Abraham Lincoln was elected president at this election.

Secessionist

1860 - 1861

the withdrawal of 11 Southern states from the Union to form the Confederacy, precipitating the American Civil War

Civil War

1861 - 1865

this was a war between the north and south America. the war was fought over one main point along with others: slavery

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

These were the southern states of america that were for slavery.

William T. Sherman

1861 - 1865

He came up with the military strategy of "total war".

“Total War”

1861 - 1865

a war in which every available weapon is used and the nation's full financial resources are devoted. Everything is destroyed, burned, or broken, this is why during reconstruction it was expensive

Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861

The Confederates bombarded the fort from artillery batteries surrounding the harbor. Although the Union returned fire, they were outgunned and, after 34 hours, Major Anderson agreed to evacuate. Making a major loss for the North.

Port Royal

November 3, 1861 - November 7, 1861

this was one of the earliest amphibious operations of the American Civil War, in which a United States Navy and United States Army captured the Port Royal sound

Robert Smalls

May 13, 1862

During the Civil war Robert Smalls, a enslaved man at the time, boarded a ship and pretended to be the captain. After getting to Union land ahe and the rest of his family were freed.

Lincoln's Assassnation

April 14, 1865

President Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth just when the Civil War was ending. His motive: he didn't agree with lincoln's views on slavery.