SC History- Emma

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1400

They were the Indians that lived in the southeastern portion of the U.S.

Port Royal

1518

It was a shipping port nar the carribean sea.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

It was the first European settlement in what is the now the U.S. it was owned by Spain.

Mercantilism

1600 - 1900

It is a doctrine that states that controlling slaves is most important.

Thirteen English Colonies

1607 - 1733

It was Founded by England/Great Britain.

Slave Codes

1650

These laws were meant to let slave owners have complete power over their slaves.

Triangle Slave Trade

1650 - 1950

This trade system involved slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods. These items were traded between west Africa, America, and Europe.

Proprietary Colony

1660 - 1690

A colony that follows the laws of it's parent state.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1861

Rice and indigo was extremely profitable in South Carolina.

Secessionist

1700

A person who secesses from something.

Cotton Trade

1700

Cotton was and is a cash crop used to make cloth.

Abolitioist Movement

1700

This was a movement to stop slavery.

Plantation System

1700 - 1950

Slaves mass produce cashcrops on plantations.

Royal Colony

1712 - 1775

A colony appointed by the British monarch.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

Colonial South Carolinians and various Indian tribes fought.

Stono Rebellion

1739

It was a slave rebellion in South Carolina. In response to this, the Negro Act of 1740 was passed.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The war was fought between British American colonies and New France.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

It was a tax put on sugar by the parlement of Great Britan

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

North and South Carolinians fought corrupt colonial officials.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

The British Parliment put a direct tax on the british colonies.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1865

A group of American patriots formed to protect colonists' rights.

Tea Act

1773 - 1861

The British Parloment put a tax on tea.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The thirteen colonies were on one side and Great Britain on the other.

Declaration of Independence

1776

A document which declared the thirteen colonies independent of Great Britain

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

The provincial congress of South Carolina approved this.

Articles of Confederation

1777

This was an agreement among the thirteen states.

Battle of Camden

1780

This was a major victory for the British

Battle of King's Mountain

1780

This battle was fought in South Carolina and was a patriot victory.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

Turning point in the reconquest of South Carolina.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

The last major conflict for South Carolina

Commerce compromise

1787

The North and South compromised that the federal goverment was allowed to tax imports but not exports.

Great Compromise

1787

The result of a great debate.

Constitution

1787

A document that lays down the laws of America.

Three-Fifths Compromise

1787

An agreement made between the southern and northern states for slaves.

Cotton Gin

1793

Invented by Eli Whitney, this machine separated the cotton from impurities. The cotton gin works faster than a slave and was an instant success.

Embargo Act

1807

The United States Congress made this general embargo against England and France.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

This war between the US and England solved many issues from the American War of Independence.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

Sherman was a Union general during the civil war.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

Vesey was a slave who bought his freedom then planned a revolt that would have been the largest in history. Word got out about his plans and he was tried and executted along with other slaves.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

A controversey over wether states could nullify federal laws.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

This slave was a ship's piolet, a sea captain, and a politician.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

This act created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

Scott was a slave in the free state of Illinois so he went to court to become free. The surpreme court ruled that he would stay a slave.

Election of 1860

1860

This was the 19th presidential election in the US.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

These were southern slave states that secedded from the USA.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

This was a war over slavery between the USA and CSA

Lincoln's Assassination

1865

John Wilkes Booth killed President Lincoln with a shot to the head in Ford's Theater.

Total War

1900

When civillians are brought into a war.

Ft Sumter

1948

The first shots of the Civil War were fired here during the battle of Fort Sumter.