They are noted for their burial mounds, many of which are very famous. They had a very complex society with chiefs, nobility, and commoners.
1400 - 1700
The economic belief that all forms of foreign trade fuel military development. Massively expressed in Europe during it's time period.
Triangle Slave Trade
1450 - 1800
Trade between Africa, Europe and America that formed a triangle. The exact start dates and end dates are unsure, but mainly Portugal started it while the U.S. and Britain ended it.
San Miguel de Guadelupe
1475 - 1526
First attempt at Spanish colony in what would be U.S. Collapsed due to famine and disease.
13 English Colonies
1607 - 1733
Founded all 13 original colonies. Fundamental in Creation of the United States.
1650 - 1865
A set of many laws and regulations set by many states limiting the rights of slaves. Exact start and end dates are not exactly known because there were so many codes.
1663 - 1773
South Carolina went through a proprietary colony phase in which it was controlled by a Grand Council. Later on, it became independent.
Rice and Indigo Trade
1680 - 1890
Main economic staple of South Carolina. Collapsed in the 1890's due to a massive hurricane that wiped out the crops.
1715 - 1717
War between settlers of South Carolina and the Indians in the native area. Eventually, the war no longer became a true threat.
1729 - 1768
Time when South Carolina was ruled as a royal colony. Ended in the late 1760 s
Slave named Jemmy led several slaves in a revolt. Several whites were killed, yet the slaves eventually lost the fight.
1750 - 1880
Time when cotton drove the Southern economy. Exact start and end dates are unknown and unclear.
1750 - 1880
When most of the south's economy was based on plantations.
French and Indian War
1754 - 1763
A war between Britain and France. Weakened both Britain and France.
1758 - 1761
Conflict between Britain and the Cherokee Indians. Ended in the Cherokee making peace with South Carolina.
Sons of Liberty
An organization created to free the colonies from Britain's rule. Believed to play a major role in the American Revolution.
1764 - 1766
An act that raises the price of sugar in the English colonies, including what would be the American colonies and then America. Colonists were outraged at the price of sugar so the act to raise revenue failed miserably.
1765 - 1771
An uprising in North and South Carolina that fought against crooked officials. Important changing point in the American Revolution.
A law passed that allowed the raising of the price of printed objects in the English Colonies. Colonists everywhere were outraged.
1773 - 1861
A law passed by the British government to allow the raising the tariff on tea and letting the tea traders sell more tea to the colonies. Led directly to the Boston Tea Party.
American Revolutionary War
1775 - 1783
The war fought for America's independence. The war was eventually won by the patriot colonists.
South Carolina Constitution
March 26, 1776
The document used to establish South Carolina's official government. Made before the United States Constitution.
Declaration of Independence
July 4, 1776
The official document for the United States' independence from Britain. Rejection by the British government led to the American Revolution.
Articles of Confederation
1777 - 1781
The first attempt at the United States' formation of a constitution. Outdated and weak, it was replaced in 1781.
1780 - 1865
A large movement headed mainly by the north which wanted to abolish slavery in the United States permanently. Ended with the Emancipation Proclamation.
Battle of Camden
August 16, 1780
Major victory for the British in the Revolutionary War. Major losses on the United States' side.
Battle of King's Mountain
October 7, 1780
Important battle fought in King's Mountain, North Carolina. Decisive victory for the Patriots.
Battle of Cowpens
January 17, 1781
Key victory for the patriots in the south during the revolutionary war. Fought in Cowpens, South Carolina.
Battle of Eutaw Springs
September 8, 1781
Last major battle in the Carolinas. Ended with no clear winner, Americans had a strategic advantage yet also lost more soldiers.
1783 - 1865
A law that said that three-fifths of a state's slave population was to be added to it's free population. Made so Southern States wouldn't have control of Congress.
The compromise the lays down the rules for the bicameral system today. It says that representatives from the lower house will be decided by population, and senators from the upper house be having equal representation for all states.
When the federal government was able to tax imports but not exports. Used to increase national revenue.
March 4 1789
The basic set of rules that defines the requirements for any and all new laws, regulations, and amendments.
Largely accelerated the speed of plantation growth in the South for many decades. Invented by Eli Whitney.
1807 - 1809
When the United States government issued an embargo on all foreign imports, exports, and trade
War of 1812
1812 - 1815
A war between Britain and the U.S. in , the which Britain tried to take back America and it's territories.There was no clear winner the Battle of New Orleans happened after the war ended.
Denmark Vesey Plot
A slave named Denmark Vesey led a rebellion against many whites and white slave owners. It occurred in Charleston, SC.
1828 - 1833
When the tariffs enacted by the federal government were considered to be ineffective. In the end, South Carolina was forced to agree to follow the tariffs like everyone else.
Kansas Nebraska Act
An act that made Kansas and Nebraska states and allowed them to vote on whether or not to have slavery.
Dred Scott Decision
The Supreme Court ruled that even though he lived where slavery was illegal, he was still considered property. Had many aftershocks as a result.
Election of 1860
Abraham Lincoln got elected president. Eventually, SC secedes and starts the war.
The fort that fired the very first shot of the civil war between the north and the south.
1861 - 1865
War between the north and south that mainly focused on slavery. The north won decisively.
Many border states had to decide to secede or stay with the Union.
Creation of the Confederate States of America
When the Battle of Fort Sumter occurred, the Confederate states soon began to from, starting with South Carolina.
Man who escaped slavery and became a major abolitionist and politician.
1863 - 1865
The North held Port Royal until the end of the war. Major tactical position.
Scorched earth campaign meant to destroy all the south's resources. The north never fully performed this strategy completely, because they had to keep the south partially intact.
Major military leader who led a scorched earth campaign in the south.
April 14, 1865
Lincoln was shot in the head by John Wilkes Booth and succeeded by Andrew Johnson.