Social Studies Timeline

This is for going through everything that has been done in social studies up until now.

Main

Eastern Woodland Indians

800 BC - 800 AD

They are noted for their burial mounds, many of which are very famous. They had a very complex society with chiefs, nobility, and commoners.

Mercantilism

1400 - 1700

The economic belief that all forms of foreign trade fuel military development. Massively expressed in Europe during it's time period.

Triangle Slave Trade

1450 - 1800

Trade between Africa, Europe and America that formed a triangle. The exact start dates and end dates are unsure, but mainly Portugal started it while the U.S. and Britain ended it.

San Miguel de Guadelupe

1475 - 1526

First attempt at Spanish colony in what would be U.S. Collapsed due to famine and disease.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

Founded all 13 original colonies. Fundamental in Creation of the United States.

Slave Codes

1650 - 1865

A set of many laws and regulations set by many states limiting the rights of slaves. Exact start and end dates are not exactly known because there were so many codes.

Proprietary Colony

1663 - 1773

South Carolina went through a proprietary colony phase in which it was controlled by a Grand Council. Later on, it became independent.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1890

Main economic staple of South Carolina. Collapsed in the 1890's due to a massive hurricane that wiped out the crops.

Yemasee War

1715 - 1717

War between settlers of South Carolina and the Indians in the native area. Eventually, the war no longer became a true threat.

Royal Colony

1729 - 1768

Time when South Carolina was ruled as a royal colony. Ended in the late 1760 s

Stono Rebellion

1739

Slave named Jemmy led several slaves in a revolt. Several whites were killed, yet the slaves eventually lost the fight.

Cotton Trade

1750 - 1880

Time when cotton drove the Southern economy. Exact start and end dates are unknown and unclear.

Plantation System

1750 - 1880

When most of the south's economy was based on plantations.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

A war between Britain and France. Weakened both Britain and France.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

Conflict between Britain and the Cherokee Indians. Ended in the Cherokee making peace with South Carolina.

Sons of Liberty

1760

An organization created to free the colonies from Britain's rule. Believed to play a major role in the American Revolution.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

An act that raises the price of sugar in the English colonies, including what would be the American colonies and then America. Colonists were outraged at the price of sugar so the act to raise revenue failed miserably.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

An uprising in North and South Carolina that fought against crooked officials. Important changing point in the American Revolution.

Stamp Act

1765

A law passed that allowed the raising of the price of printed objects in the English Colonies. Colonists everywhere were outraged.

Tea act

1773 - 1861

A law passed by the British government to allow the raising the tariff on tea and letting the tea traders sell more tea to the colonies. Led directly to the Boston Tea Party.

American Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The war fought for America's independence. The war was eventually won by the patriot colonists.

South Carolina Constitution

March 26, 1776

The document used to establish South Carolina's official government. Made before the United States Constitution.

Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776

The official document for the United States' independence from Britain. Rejection by the British government led to the American Revolution.

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1781

The first attempt at the United States' formation of a constitution. Outdated and weak, it was replaced in 1781.

Abolitionist Movement

1780 - 1865

A large movement headed mainly by the north which wanted to abolish slavery in the United States permanently. Ended with the Emancipation Proclamation.

Battle of Camden

August 16, 1780

Major victory for the British in the Revolutionary War. Major losses on the United States' side.

Battle of King's Mountain

October 7, 1780

Important battle fought in King's Mountain, North Carolina. Decisive victory for the Patriots.

Battle of Cowpens

January 17, 1781

Key victory for the patriots in the south during the revolutionary war. Fought in Cowpens, South Carolina.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

September 8, 1781

Last major battle in the Carolinas. Ended with no clear winner, Americans had a strategic advantage yet also lost more soldiers.

Three-Fifths Compromise

1783 - 1865

A law that said that three-fifths of a state's slave population was to be added to it's free population. Made so Southern States wouldn't have control of Congress.

Great Compromise

1787

The compromise the lays down the rules for the bicameral system today. It says that representatives from the lower house will be decided by population, and senators from the upper house be having equal representation for all states.

Commerce Compromise

1787

When the federal government was able to tax imports but not exports. Used to increase national revenue.

Constitution

March 4 1789

The basic set of rules that defines the requirements for any and all new laws, regulations, and amendments.

Cotton Gin

1794

Largely accelerated the speed of plantation growth in the South for many decades. Invented by Eli Whitney.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

When the United States government issued an embargo on all foreign imports, exports, and trade

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

A war between Britain and the U.S. in , the which Britain tried to take back America and it's territories.There was no clear winner the Battle of New Orleans happened after the war ended.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

A slave named Denmark Vesey led a rebellion against many whites and white slave owners. It occurred in Charleston, SC.

Nullification Controversy

1828 - 1833

When the tariffs enacted by the federal government were considered to be ineffective. In the end, South Carolina was forced to agree to follow the tariffs like everyone else.

Kansas Nebraska Act

1854

An act that made Kansas and Nebraska states and allowed them to vote on whether or not to have slavery.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

The Supreme Court ruled that even though he lived where slavery was illegal, he was still considered property. Had many aftershocks as a result.

Election of 1860

1860

Abraham Lincoln got elected president. Eventually, SC secedes and starts the war.

Fort Sumter

1861

The fort that fired the very first shot of the civil war between the north and the south.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

War between the north and south that mainly focused on slavery. The north won decisively.

Secessionist

1861

Many border states had to decide to secede or stay with the Union.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861

When the Battle of Fort Sumter occurred, the Confederate states soon began to from, starting with South Carolina.

Robert Smalls

1862

Man who escaped slavery and became a major abolitionist and politician.

Port Royal

1863 - 1865

The North held Port Royal until the end of the war. Major tactical position.

Total War

1864

Scorched earth campaign meant to destroy all the south's resources. The north never fully performed this strategy completely, because they had to keep the south partially intact.

William Sherman

1864

Major military leader who led a scorched earth campaign in the south.

Lincoln's Assassination

April 14, 1865

Lincoln was shot in the head by John Wilkes Booth and succeeded by Andrew Johnson.