SC Midterm. Madi Methvin.

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Eastern Woodland Indians

600 BC - 200 BC

The eastern woodland Indians depended on the rivers for most of their living. The most well known eastern woodland Indians were the Cherokee and the Iroquois. The Iroquois had 5 tribes that moved together through what we now call New York. The Cherokee lived in over 200 villages and were located mostly in Tenesse and Georgia.

Mercantilism

1400 - 1700

The ideas behind mercantilism were that Europe was the competition and whatever country had the most money was at the head of the competition.

Triangle slave trade

1450 - 1800

Trade between Africa, England, and America.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1475 - 1526

It was the first European settlement founded by Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon.

13 English colonies

1607 - 1789

They were the 13 original colonies that founded america. The signing of the constitution made it officially the " United States of America".

SC slave codes

1650 - 1712

It was a set of laws for the slaves of what they could and couldn't do, it was also a set of rights that the slave owners had.

royal colony

1679 - 1790

Royal colonies were ruled by a governor that was chosen by the king. When rode island became a state the royal colony period ended.

Rice and indigo trade

1680 - 1890

South Carolina's

propriatry colony

1700

A colony given to a proprietor to govern. A proprietary colony was a colony that one or more person usually land owners.

yemasee war

1715 - 1717

The Yamasee War was a war between British settlers that lived in colonial South Carolina and Native American tribes killed hundreds of colonists and destroyed many settlements.

Stono rebellion

1739 - 1740

This was when 20 black slaves met in secret near the stono river. They walked from South Carolina all the way down to Florida recruiting more slaves along the way. It turned out be the largest slave revolt in America.

French and Indian war

1754 - 1763

It was a war Between the French and the English with the Native Americans helping out the French. Britian ended up winning when the treaty of Paris was signed.

The Cherokee war

1758 - 1761

It was a war between the Cherokee and the British. They were allies in the French and Indian war but both of the, had betrayed each other. In 1761 the Indians made a treaty to end it.

Sons of liberty

1764 - 1775

It was a group consisting of American patriots. The started in he north before America had independence.

Sugar act

1764 - 1766

It was enforced by the British parliament to enforce Americans to pay taxes.

Stamp act

1765 - 1766

It was a tax on colonists that made them have to pay a lot extra on paper made in London.

Regulator movements

1765 - 1771

It was an uprising between the north and the south.

Declaration of Independence

1766 - 1777

It was signed on June 11th and June 28th by Thomas Jefferson. To show that we were independent.

Tea act

1773 - 1861

It was a tax on tea enforced by great Britain.

Revolutionary war

1775 - 1783

It was a war in America against Great Britain fought for freedom and independence.

South Carolina constitution of 1776

1776 - 1777

This declared SC as a self governed state and independent.

Articles of confederation

1777

This was the first constitution for the 13 colonies. It failed horribly though.

Great compromise

1778

A debate during the constitutional convention that was about how many representatives each state should have.

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781

It was a major victory to the British during the revolutionary war.

Battle of kings mountain

1780 - 1781

it was a very defensive battle between the patriots (who ended up winning) against the loyalists.

Battle of eutaw springs.

1781

This battle was the last major battle that took place in the Carolina's.

Battle of cowpens

1781

It was in Cherokee country and the patriots one and the British left South Carolina.

3/5 compromise

1787 - 1865

This was a compromise between the north and the south that said all slaves counted as a 3/5 of a person.

Commerce compromise

1787

A compromise made between the north and south during the constitutional convention that said the government should control commerce.

Constitution

1787

A set of laws and rights established for the citizens of the United States.

Cotton gin

1793

It was a machine invented by Eli Whitney that made cotton picking faster and easier.

Plantation system

1800 - 1900

The plantation system split all the land up into smaller parts so that it could all be privately owned.

Embargo act

1807 - 1809

When this act was enforced it prevented all of the US ships from sailing to foreign places. Becuase they couldn't trade with other countries it created conflict in getting the supplies that they needed.

War of 1812

1812 - 1814

The Americans declared war mainly because Britain was ticking them off. The Brits were fighting a war with France which caused many trade restrictions for them. Also the Brits were very supportive of the native Americans who wanted to prevent the countries expansion.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

He was a general in Union army during the American Civil War.

Denmark Vessey Plot

1822

A slave uprising in charleston led by a black man named Denmark Vessey

Nullification Controversy

1828 - 1832

President Andrew Jackson declared that the states couldnt just ignore or null over a law that the federal government had put in place just because they thought it didnt go along with the constitution.

Abolitionist movement

1830 - 1870

A group of people who wanted to end slavery called abolitionists all got together to form a movement to end slavery once and for all.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

He was an enslaved African man who ended up stealing a ship and piloting him and his family to safety in Union lines. Eventually he became a very successful Politician and Ship Pilot.

Cotton trade

1850 - 1865

The southern US traded their cotton with other countries to get goods and supplies.

Kansas Nebraska act

1854

It was a choice that was given to Kansas and Nebraska and they got to decide if they wanted to be pro or anti- slavery states.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

It was basically an over rulling by the supreme court that said the federal government couldn't ban slavery and that slaves were protected by the constitution because they were not citizens.

Election of 1860

1860

The election of Abraham Lincoln the 16th president of US.

Fort Sumter

1861

This was the place where the first shots of the civil war were fired.

Port Royal

1861

A place in South Carolina where one of the earliest amphibious battles of the Civil War occurred.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

This was when most of the southern states succeeded and went off to form their own country where slavery was freely tolerated.

Secessionist

1861 - 1865

A person who was fond of succession. In this case the succession from the union.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Another name for the civil war was the war of northern aggression. It was a war fought between the Union and the Confederacy after Lincoln was elected president.

Total War

1861 - 1865

A war strategy used in the Civil War to break the will of the South by being more brutal in victories, it was also to make them not care as much about war and fighting so they wouldn't try as hard.

Lincoln’s assassination

1865

Lincoln was assassinated on April 14, 1865 by John Wilkes Booth