Social Studies Midterm

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 BC - 1600 AD

Archaeologists argue whether the EWI period ended in either 100 AD or 1600 AD. They lived in the eastern part of the US.

Triangle Slave Trade

1498 - 1600

The triangle trade was between Europe, Africa, and America. They traded goods, spices, and slaves.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

It was abandoned three months after it was founded.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

Virginia was the first colony, followed by New Jersey, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Delaware, North Carolina, South Carolina, and ending in Georgia.

Slave Codes

1650 - 1865

The slave codes defined slaves as property and limited their rights and freedoms.

Proprietary Colony

1663 - 1729

Certain groups appointed by the British crown that were granted rights to self-government.

Royal Colony

1679 - 1790

New Hampshire was first to become a Royal Colony. The period ended when Rhode Island became a State. A Royal Colony is run by a royal governor appointed by the king of England.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1690

Rice growth in SC dates back to the 1600s. Rice and indigo growth and trade came to a halt in the 1890s due to massive hurricanes that washed out the rice and indigo plains and fields.

Mercantilism

1700 - 1900

Mercantilism was belief in the benefits of profitable trading

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

The Yemassee War was between the settlers of South Carolina and various Indian tribes.

Stono Rebellion

September 9, 1739 - September 10, 1739

The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave revolt in colonial America. It occurred near the Stono River in South Carolina.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The French and Indian War was between the English settlers and France.

Sugar Act

April 5, 1764 - 1765

Act passed by British Parliament that taxed the settlers for sugar.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

The Regulator Movement was an unsuccessful uprising in NC and SC where the citizens went up against the colonial officials.

Stamp Act

March 22, 1765 - March 18, 1766

British Parliament taxed the colonists for all printed materials.

Sons of Liberty

August 1, 1765 - 1783

The Sons of Liberty was a group of American patriots protecting the rights of the colonists.

Tea Act

May 10, 1773 - December 16, 1773

The tea tax set by British Parliament was ended when colonists dumped 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor in protest.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The Revolutionary War was fought between the Americans and the British in order to gain independence from Britain.

Plantation System

1776 - 1860

The Plantation System was the division of the land into smaller units under private ownership. On this land, plantation owners forced slaves to harvest and plant the crops they grew for trade and profit for the owner.

Cherokee War

1776 - 1794

The Cherokee War was fought between the Cherokee and the English settlers.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

March 17, 1776 - Present

South Carolina approved a new constitution and government four months before the Continental Congress declared independence.

Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776 - Present

The Declaration of Independence was a document that declared the nation's independence from Great Britain.

Articles of Confederation

November 15, 1777 - March 4, 1789

The Articles of Confederation was an agreement among the 13 founding states and served as its first constitution until it was replaced by the US Constitution.

Battle of Camden

August 16, 1780 - August 17, 1780

The Battle of Camden was a major victory for the British during the Revolutionary War.

Cherokee War

October 7, 1780 - October 8, 1780

A battle between the Patriots and Loyalists during the Revolutionary War.

Battle of Cowpens

January 17, 1781 - January 18, 1781

It was a turning point for South Carolina during the Revolutionary War starting the reconquest of the British.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

September 8, 1781 - September 9, 1781

Last major battle of the Revolutionary War in South Carolina.

Commerce Compromise

1787

The Commerce Compromise allowed the federal government to only tax imports.

3/5 Compromise

1787

The Three-Fifths Compromise was a compromise between Southern and Northern states in which three-fifths of the population of slaves would be counted for representation purposes regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives.

Great Compromise

June 29, 1787

The Great Compromise combined the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan.

Constitution

September 17, 1787 - Present

The Constitution replaced the Articles of confederation. The first ten amendments are called the Bill of Rights. The whole constitution is the law that balances America and protects it from tyranny.

Cotton Gin

1793

The cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney. It is a machine that separates cotton from its seeds. It revolutionized the cotton industry in the US.

“Total War”

1800

In “Total War” there is no difference between soldiers and civilians. All are targeted equally.

Embargo Act

1807 - March 1, 1809

The Embargo Act was enacted against Great Britain and France after they attacked American ships.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The War of 1812 was a 32 month long war between America and Britain, which resulted in no territorial changes.

William T. Sherman

February 8, 1820 - February 14, 1891

William T. Sherman was a Union general in the Civil War.

Denmark Vesey Plot

July 14, 1822

The Denmark Vesey Plot was a slave rebellion led by Denmark Vesey. The plan was to free slaves and kill their owners in order to liberate Charleston. Instead, two slaves leaked the plan to the authorities, so 67 men were convicted and 35 were hanged, including Denmark Vesey

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

The goal of the Abolitionist Movement was to end slavery and end segregation/racism.

Nullification Controversy

1832

The Nullification Controversy took place during the presidency of Andrew Jackson where the ordinance declared the federal Tariffs were unconstitutional.

Robert Smalls

April 5, 1839 - February 23, 1915

Robert Smalls was a slave who freed himself and others during the Civil War by navigating a Confederate ship out of Charleston Harbor to freedom.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

The Kansas-Nebraska Act created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska.

Dred Scott Decision

March 6, 1857

The Dred Scott Decision declared the Supreme Court didn't have the power to prohibit slavery in federal territories.

Election of 1860

November 6, 1860

The Election of 1860 was the 19th election where Abraham Lincoln was elected.

Secessionist

1861 - 1865

A Secessionist is a Southerner who wished to seceed from the Union during the Civil War.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The Civil War was fought between the Union (Northern states) and the Confederacy (Southern States) over the dispute of right of slave ownership.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

The southern states of America created the confederacy in order for them to keep the rights of slave ownership.

Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861

The first shots of the Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina.

Port Royal

November 7, 1861

One of the major battles in the Civil War was fought in Port Royal where the Union captured Port Royal.

Lincoln’s Assassination

April 14, 1865

The assassination of Abraham Lincoln took place on Good Friday in Ford's Theatre when the Civil War was drawing to a close. John Wilkes Booth was the assassin who shot the president in the middle of the play.