Social Studies MidTerm Abby Rasch

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1800 bc - 1800 ad

The Eastern Woodland Indians were a group of many tribes that lived in Eastern United States. These Indians lived in vastly wooded areas.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

The Triangle Slave Trade was a trading of slaves, rum, weapons, and other materials between Africa, Europe, and North America.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape was the very first colony on US soil, though it only lasted a few months.

Royal Colony

1600 - 1699

A Royal Colony is a colony directly ruled by the British crown through government.

13 Colonies

1607 - 1733

The 13 Colonies were a settlement set up by England in 1607, lasting until 1733 when the very last colony was created.

Mercantilism

1651 - 1673

Mertcantilism was an economic system that was developed in Europe.

Proprietary Colony

1660 - 1690

A Proprietary Colony was a colony where one or more individuals remained loyal to their state.

Rice & Indigo Trade

1698 - 1730

This was the trade of rice and indigo with Europe, both of which were in high demand in Europe.

Cotton Trade

1700 - 1900

This was the trade of cotton for other goods across the world.

Slave Codes

1705 - 1848

Slave codes were created to keep slaves from rebellion. The punishment for disobeying the Slave Codes was very severe.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

The Yemassee War was a conflict between the Yemassee and other tribes in the south against British settlers.

Plantation System

1730 - 1758

The plantation system divided land into smaller plots for farming and living.

Stono Rebellion

1739 - 1740

The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave uprising in the British mainland colonies.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The French and Indian war was a war in which the French and Indian tribes were allies fighting against British troops and colonists.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

Tensions between the Cherokee tribe and the British increased during the French and Indian War.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1776

The sugar act was a tax on sugar and other products to help pay off British war debt.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

The Regulator movement was when citizens took arms against corrupt colonial officials.

Cotton Gin

1765 - 1825

The cotton gin is a machine that separated cotton seeds from cotton faster than slaves could

Stamp Act

1765

The stamp act was a tax on all printed materials and documents. It was created when the Sugar Act wasn’t raising enough money to help pay off debt.

Sons of Liberty

1773

The Sons of Liberty were a group of American patriots.

Tea Act

1773 - 1861

The Tea Act was a British tax on tea, also used to pay off British debt.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The Revolutionary war was the war that freed the 13 colonies from Great Britain.

Declaration of Independence

1776

The Declaration of Independence of a declaration of independence from Britain for the 13 colonies.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

The SC constitution was when South Carolina approved a new government.

Articles of Confederation

1777

The Articles of Confederation was an agreement between the 13 colonies and served as the new constitution.

Battle of Camden

1780

The Battle of Camden was a major victory for the British during the Revolutionary war.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

The Battle of Kings Mountain was an important victory for the Patriots during the Revolutionary war.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

The Battle of Eutaw Springs was the last major battle fought in the Revolutionary war.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

The Battle of Cowpens was the major turning point in the Revolutionary war.

Commerce Compromise

1787

This compromise put a tax on imports but not exports.

3/5 Compromise

1787

The 3/5 compromise was a compromise between northern and southern states counting slaves as only 3/5 of a person.

Great Compromise

1787

The Great Compromise was an agreement between large and small states on the number of representatives in the branches of Congress.

Constitution

1787

The constitution was meant to address problems in the United States government that weren’t fixed in the Articles of Confederation.

Embargo Act

1807

The embargo act was a ban on British ships.

War of 1812

1812 - 1814

The War of 1812 was a conflict between England and the US about trade. This was the second war of independence.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

William T. Sherman was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author who also served as a General in the Union Army during the Civil War.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

The Denmark Vesey plot was a plot for slaves to execute their owners.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

The abolitionist movement was an attempt to end racial segregation.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

The Nullification Controversy was a disagreement between President Andrew Jackson and South Carolina senator John Calhoun.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls was an enslaved African American who became a ship’s pilot, sea captain, and politician.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

The Kansas-Nebraska Act allowed people in the states of Kansas and Nebraska to vote if they wanted slavery or not.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

The Dred Scott Decision said that government had no power to control slaves in territories and that people from African decent were not protected by the constitution.

Secessionist

1860 - 1861

Secessionist was the secession of 11 southern states from the US.

Election of 1860

1860

Lincoln won in this election, causing the south to break away from the US.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1860

The Confederate States were created after Lincoln was elected president. The Confederate states were all in the southern part of the US.

"Total War"

1861 - 1865

“Total war” was a war technique used during the Civil War.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The Civil War was a war between the north and south. The point of the war was whether or not to abolish slavery.

Port Royal

1861 - 1865

Port Royal is a fort in SC where a battle took place during the Civil War.

Fort Sumter

1861 - 1865

Fort Sumter was a Union fort in South Carolina. The first shots of the Civil War were shot here.

Lincolns Assassination

1865

Lincoln was killed in Fords Theater, after the Civil war had ended.