Union of Soviet Socialist Russia

Sputnik

Luna III

10/07/1959

Luna III - Taken pictures of the far side of the moon.

Sputnik

Sputnik I

10/04/1957

Launch of Sputnik I - First Artificial Spacecraft

Sputnik II

11/03/1957

Sputnik II - First Biological Satellite

Sputnik III

05/15/1958

Sputnik III - Automatic Scientific Laboratory

Sputnik IV

05/15/1960

Sputnik IV - First of a series of spacecraft used to prepare for manned space flights.

Sputnik V

08/19/1960

Sputnik V - Second a series of spacecraft used to prepare for manned space flights.

The spacecraft contained two dogs and safely returned back to Earth.

Sputnik VI

12/01/1960

Sputnik VI - Spacecraft failed to return back to Earth.

The spacecraft contained two dogs and killed in space.

Sputnik VII

02/04/1961

Sputnik 7 - First Venus Probe

Sputnik VIII

02/12/1961

Sputnik IX

03/09/1961

Sputnik 9 - Fourth in a series of spacecraft used to prepare for manned space flights.

Sputnik X

03/25/1961

Sputnik X - Fifth and Last in a series of spacecraft used to prepare for manned space flights.

Luna

Luna I

01/03/1959

Luna I - First Object to escape the grip's of Earth gravity.

Luna II

09/14/1959

Luna II - First manmade object crash landed on the moon.