In 332 bc Alexander and his army went to Egypt after defeating the Persians, and Egypt is also the Persian empire, the Persian governor had heard of Alexander's skill in battle, so he surrendered without a fight and crowned Alexander pharaoh.
In 404 bc the people of the athens were starving and surrounded by the spartans and surrendered, when that happened the peloponnesian war was over and the spartans was in control of the athens and their land.
The peloponnesian war begins with the Athens vs. the Spartans.
In 480 bc the Persian army set out for Greece this time the Persian navy joined them.
Cyrus the Great founds the Persian empire in 550bc.
The Spartans social system was created between 900 and 600bc by a man named Lycurgus.