Mid-term Review Timeline

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Eastern Woodland Indians

100 - 900

They lived from the Mississippi River to the east coast of America. They lived completely off of nature and what ever resources they could find.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

It was a three-way trading system between America, England, and Africa. They traded slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

It was the first Europen settlement in America, founded by Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon, but it soon failed due to the harsh winter months and the native attacks.

Mercantilism

1600 - 1800

It was a system where the colonies sold all of their products to England and England sold them off to other countries for more money than they bought them for, so they would make a greater profit.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1763

These colonies were controlled by Great Britain.

Proprietary Colony

1629 - 1729

The proprietary colony was run by the eight lord proprietors. They owned all the land under the kings permission and sold it off to the settlers.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1775

South Carolina was well equipped for growing indigo and rice. This made it very easy to grow a large amount of the cash crops and make a lot of money from them. These crops were sold all around the world.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

The Yemassee War was a conflict between the british settlers and various Native American tribes.

Royal Colony

1729 - 1776

These were also called the crown colonies. They were ruled directly by a governor chosen by the king.

Stono Rebellion

1739

It was the largest uprising against slavery in the 13 colonies, but it did not succeed. It took place in South Carolina.

Plantation System

1750 - 1865

The plantation system was the division of the land into smaller units under private ownership.

Cotton Trade

1750 - 1865

Most of the cotton was grown and bought from the south.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

A war fought mainly between British America and New France.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

A war between the British and the Cherokee tribes. They used to be allies, but they both betrayed each other so they had a war.

Sugar Act

1764

The Sugar Act was made by the British and put taxes on sugar, wine, and other important things. They did this because they wanted more money to provide more security for the colonies.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

It was an organized effort by settlers to restore law and order and establish institutions of local government.

Stamp Act

1765

The British Parliament put this tax on the American Colonies. It made them pay taxes for any piece of printed paper they used.

Sons of Liberty

1765

The Sons of Liberty was a group of people who were patriots and revolted against the British tax laws.

Tea Act

1773

It told the Americans they could only buy tea from the East India Company.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

It was fought between the British and the thirteen colonies. They were fighting over American Independence. America defeated the British with all odds against them.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

This was the first constitution of South Carolina and it declared us independent.

Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776

A statement written by the Continental Congress, which said that the American Colonies were independent.

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1781

This served as the written document for the functions of the United States government at the time.

Battle of Camden

August 1780

This battle was between the British and the Americans. The British came out as victors.

Battle of King's Mountain

October 1780

This battle was known as the "turning point" in the war for the Americans. It was an important victory for us.

Battle of Cowpens

January 1781

The Battle of Cowpens was fought between the British and the Americans. The Americans ended up winning this battle, led by Commander Daniel Morgan. The British lost, led by Commander Banastre Tarleton.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

September 1781

It was fought between the British and the Americans and the British won. It was the one of the hardest and bloodiest battles of the war. It was also the last major battle fought in the South.

3/5 Compromise

1787

This stated that slaves would count as 3/5 of a person in terms of taxation and representation.

Commerce Compromise

1787

This compromise settled the disagreement between the Northern and Southern states about how the federal government could regulate commerce. It allowed the federal government to tax imports, but not exports.

Constitution

1787

The Constitution created a federal government and created the rules and boundaries of its power.

Great Compromise

1787

This was the answer to satisfy all of the states. It created the House of Representatives and the Senate.

Cotton Gin

1793

It was invented by Eli Whitney. It was a machine that separated out all of the seeds and dirt from the cotton.

Slave Codes

1800 - 1865

Theses were the laws that told the slaves what they could and could not do.

Abolitionist Movement

1800 - 1870

Many abolitionists, people who were against slavery, tried to abolish slavery.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

It stopped all trade between America and any foreign country. The goal was to get Britain and France to stop fighting, but it backfired and many Americans suffered.

War of 1812

1812

It was a war between the Americans and the British. There was no clear winner of the war and that is why it is often forgotten about.

William T. Sherman

February 8, 1820 - February 14, 1891

He created the idea of "total warfare." He led his troops through Georgia and South Carolina destroying anything in their path.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

It was a plan to revolt against slavery. Many slaves and abolitionists were gathered to help in the uprising, but word got out about the plot and it failed. Vesey died during the attempt of ending slavery.

Nullification Controversey

1832

It was a conflict between South Carolina and the federal government over tariffs.

Robert Smalls

April 5, 1839 - February 23, 1915

He was an escaped slave and a Civil War hero. He also served 5 terms in the U.S. House of Representatives for South Carolina.

Dred Scott Decision

1847 - 1857

He went to court to sue his master for owning him in a "slave - free" state. The court said that since he was black, he was not a citizen. Therefore, he was not eligible to sue.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

It repealed the Missouri Compromise and allowed the states to chose whether they wanted to allow slavery or not.

Election of 1860

1860

Abraham Lincoln was elected president.

Secessionist

1860

People who agreed with the idea of the South seceding from the Union and that Lincoln was going to abolish slavery.

Creation of Confederate States of America

1860

11 Southern states seceded from the Union because they believed that President Lincoln was going to abolish their way of life, slavery.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

This war was between the Union and the Confederacy. It was over whether slavery should be allowed or not. The Union was against slavery and the Confederacy was for slavery. The Union ended up winning and slavery was abolished.

Total War

1861

It was used during the Civil War. This concept was used to make people hate war. You would attack not only the opposing troops, but anything and everything that was in your path, including towns, cities, and houses.

Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861

This was were the battle that started the Civil War was.

Port Royal

November 7, 1861

This battle was fought near Port Royal Sound and it was part of the Civil War. The Union won.

Lincoln's Assassination

April 14, 1865

He was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth in Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C.