Social Studies Midterm

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Eastern Woodland Indians

1000 - 1492

The Eastern Woodland Indians was a group of tribes that lived in the soon to be 13 colonies.

Triangle Slave Trade

1400 - 1700

Triangle Trade was the trade between The Americas, England, and Africa. It was the trade of raw materials, textiles, and slaves.

Mercantilism

1400 - 1700

This form of an economy was that the government controlled trade.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1529

This was the first slave revolt ever in North America.

Plantation System

1600

This is the division of land into small private ownership.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1783

The 13 colonies were the land that was owned by the England but is now the 13 original states in the union.

Proprietary Colony

1660

This was a type of colony where the land is ruled through a middle man. The mother country rules the middle man and the middle man rules the land.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1700 - 1850

This was the trade of rice and Indigo.

Yemmaseee War

1715 - 1717

The Yemmaseee War was a fight between the British and many First Nation Tribes.

Royal Colony

1729 - 1776

A royal colony is a colony that is owned and protected by the mother country.

Stono Rebellion

1739

This was the largest slave uprising in the Americas.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The French and Indian War was when the French and the Indians went to war with England and the colonies over land.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The Cherokee and the British each suspected each other of betrayal at the start of the French and Indian War, war soon broke out and led to the Cherokee War.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

The sugar act was when The British put taxes on all auger products.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

This was a tax on all stamps.

Sons of Liberty

1765

The Sons of Liberty were a group of craftsmen who banded together to protect their rights.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

In the backcountry of SC, The Regulator movement started. It brought brought law and order to the backcountry.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

This was a tax on all stamps.

Tea Act

1773 - 1775

This was a tax on all tea that led to the Boston Tea Party.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The Revolutionary War was the war that gave America independence from England.

Declaration of Independence

1776

The Declaration of Independence was the document that declared the 13 colonies from Britian.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

1776

This was the Constitution made by South Carolina before The Deleration of Independance.

Battle of Camden

1780

The Battle of Camden was a major victory for the British.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

The Battle of Kings Mountain was a small victory for the patriots because after their victory they had to retreat.

Battle of Cowpens

1781

This battle was the turning point in the fight for South Carolina.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

This was the last major battle in South Carolina.

Articles of Confederation

1781

This was the original constantution of the United States.

3/5 Compromise

1787

This was a compromise that for every five slaves, three were counted in the population. This was made so the South didn't have a humongous advantage in the government.

Commerce Compromise

1787

This was a tax on all imports but no exports.

Great Compromise

1787

The Great Compromise was what formed the Bicarmal Congress.

Constitution

1789

This is the basis of all laws in the United States.

Slave Codes

1790 - 1850

A set of laws that slaves had to abide by.

Cotton Gin

1793

A machine that separates cotton from the seeds.

Cotton Trade

1800 - 1860

This was a trade with the South at its center.

Embargo Act

1807

A law that forbid trade with England or France.

War of 1812

1812 - 1814

This is a war with Great Britian. It was a tie.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

Sherman was an American general who created the idea of "Total War"

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

A failed slave rebellion led by Denmark Vesey.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

A group of people who wanted to get rid of slavery.

Nullification Controversy

1832

Taxes that Southerners felt hurt them and only helped the North.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls was a slave who escaped to freedom by sailing his boat out of Charleston Harbor. He also started the school named after him.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854 - 1865

This act allowed the individual territories to decide if they wanted slaves or not.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

This was a court case that eventually allowed slaves to be taken into territories.

Election of 1860

1860

This was the election that elected President Lincoln. It is the only election that truly divided the country.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

The C.S.A. was the Confederacy in the Civil War. They were created when all eleven states succeed from the Union in 1861.

Ft Sumter

1861

This was the first battle in the Civil War.

Secessionist

1861 - 1865

This is when someone or something "secedes" from something. In this sense it is when The states seceded from the Union.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The American Civil War was a war fought for independence from the Union, or the fight to restore the Union.

Port Royal

1861

This battle was placed here on Hilton Head. It was an amphibious attack.

“Total War”

1864 - 1865

This is a form of war that involves destroying, not only the land, but the morale of the people.

Lincoln’s assassination

1865

This was the first assassination of an American President. It was carries out by a southern extremest.