South Carolina History

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Eastern Woodland Indians

100 - 900

The Eastern Woodland Indians got there name because they lived in forests. They lived along the Mississippi River and the east coast of America. The survived off of what they could find in the forests.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

This was a trading system including America, England, and Africa. These three countries traded slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

This was the first European settlement in the United States. This settlement was founded by Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón but was not able to last through the long harsh winters.

Mercantilism

1600 - 1800

A system where the colonies sold all of there goods to England and England sold them off to other countries to make more money than they bought them for so they could make a better profit. Also, the colonies could only buy there goods from England so England could raise the profits without any competition.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1763

These colonies were controlled by Great Britain.

Proprietary Colony

1629 - 1729

The Proprietary Colony was run by the 8 Lord Proprietors. They owned all the land under the King's permission and sold it off to the settlers.

Slave Codes

1650 - 1685

Slave codes were laws gave slave owners absolute power over the African American slaves.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1775

South Carolina was well equipped for growing rice and indigo. This made it easy for them to grow large amounts of cash crops and make a lot of money from them. These crops were sold all around the world.

Plantation System

1700 - 1860

It was formed as slavery began to grow. The slaves lived on the plantations and the system was usually created by their owners.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

The Yemassee War was a conflict between the British settlers and various native tribes.

Royal Colony

1729 - 1776

These were also called the Crown Colonies. They were ruled directly by a governor chosen by the king.

Stono Rebellion

September 9, 1739

This rebellion was the largest rebellion in the 13 colonies. It took place in the colony of South Carolina. This uprising did not succeed.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

War fought mainly between British America and New France.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

A war between the British and the Cherokee tribes. They use to be allies but they both betrayed each other.

Sugar Act

1764

The British placed a tax on sugar, wine, and other important things. The British did this because they wanted more money to provide more security for the colonies.

Sons of Liberty

1765

The Sons of Liberty was a group of people who were patriots and revolted against the British tax law.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

Was an organized effort by settlers to restore law and order and establish institutions of local government.

Stamp Act

1765

It was created by the British parliament placed on the American colonists and required them to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used.

Tea Act

1773

It told the Americans they could only buy tea from the East Indian Company.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

It was a war between the British and the thirteen colonies. There were fighting over American Independence. America defeated the British with all odds against them.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

March 26, 1776

It was a document that declared South Carolina’s independence from Great Britain in 1776. This happened 4 months before the Declaration of Independence and 5 months before the state even learned about it.

Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776

A statement written by the Continental Congress, which said that American Colonies were independent.

Articles of Confederation

November 15, 1777

It was voted on and ratified as an official document on March 1, 1781. It was an agreement amongst the original 13 colonies that established the United States of America a confederation. It was the original document of the United States of America that made the 13 colones into 13 states.

Battle of Camden

August 16, 1780

Was one of the battles in the Revolutionary War that ending in a British victory.

Battle of Kings Mountain

October 7, 1780

Battle fought during the Revolutionary War near present day Kings Mountain, North Carolina. Which ended in a victory for the patriots.

Battle of Cowpens

January 17, 1781

Battle fought during the Revolutinary War which ended in a patriot victory. This was the turning point for the reconquering of South Carolina against Britain.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

September 8, 1781

Battle fought during the Revolutionary War, it was the last major battle fought in both North Carolina and South Carolina.

Great Compromise

1787

This was also known as the Connecticut Compromise, the bigger the state the more representation you needed.

Commerce Compromise

1787

It was the agreement in the Constitutional Convention on how the federal government would control commerce, buying and selling goods.

Constitution

May 14, 1787

This was the revised version of the Articles of Confederation, the constitution gave less power to the states and more power to the government.

Cotton Gin

1794

It was a machine invented by Eli Whitney, it made it easier to take the seeds out of the cotten. He originally made the machine to get rid of slavery, but there owners noticed the more they could get the cotton the more they could sell, and they needed more slaves to help fun the machines. Slavery soon began to grow even bigger.

Cotton Trade

1794

When the cotton gin was invented, the cotton trade business began to grow. Because of how easy it was to get the seeds out of cotton, slave owners began to grow more to be made to make more money.

Embargo Act

December 22, 1807 - March 1, 1809

It was a law created by President Thomas Jefferson to try and force Great Britain and France out the Napoleonic Wars . It was designed to keep American ships from trading with the battling nations. It failed because American merchants snuck out of the country to trade.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

War between Great Britain and the United States. It started because of unsettled issues after the Revolutionary War.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

An American, author, soilder, businessman, and educator during the Civil War.

Denmark Vesey Plot

July 14, 1822 - July 15, 1822

It was a planned slave revolt formed by the free african american Denmark Vesey. His plan soon leaked out and Charleston police arrested Vesey and his men and executed them.

Abolitionist Movement

1830

The goal was to free all slaves, including all discrimination and segregation of all different races.

Nullification Controversy

1832

It was a major milestone in the national debate over federal versus state authority.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

A slave that lived during and after the Civil War who worked on a ship.

“Total War”

1850

A war where every available weapon is used and where full financial resources for that certain nation are devoted.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

It created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, it opened up new land for settlement and determined weather slavery would be allowed in these states.

Dred Scott Decision

1857 - 1858

The decision stated that the government had no power to regulate slaves within any territory.

Election of 1860

1860 - 1861

This election was so big because it was the election of President Abraham Lincoln, also because it was close to the start of the Civil War and he was elected under the Republican Party.

Secessionist

1860 - 1861

A person or a group of people succeeding from something. For example when the eleven states, CSA, succeeded from the United States.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

The formation of 11 southern states that succeeded from the union to preserve slavery and slavery rights. They were eventually known as the CSA.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

A war between the union and the confederacy, mainly over slavery.

Fort Sumter

1861

It was the attack on Charleston, SC, which started the Civil War.

Port Royal

1862

One of the earliest battles in the Civil War in Port Royal, South Carolina.

Lincoln’s assassination

April 14, 1865

President Lincoln's death, shot by John Wilksbooth to the brain. He didn't end up dying untill the next day.

3/5 Compromise

1887

It was an article in the USA constitution that stated to ratify a law you needed to have 60% of the vote from the senate and the house of representatives.